Tags: science traditional cable generator COM automatic design large amount of infoThe Nineth chapter of Science, Technology and Industry review three main contents
What the Industrial Revolution meant for Britain was like the philosophical revolution for Germany, the political revolution for France--EngelsCharacteristics of the Industrial Revolution (Industrial Revolution)
Make several major industries promote each other, several industrial chains are interrelated and promote each other
ironmaking, coal, textile, transportation, the United Kingdom at the turn of the 18-19 century, the formation of mutual influence, mutual promotion of the situation
1709 up to 2 success with Coke instead of charcoal ironmaking
In 1760, Smithton invented hydraulic-driven blowers to increase the temperature of coke and improve the efficiency of ironmaking.
1784, Henry Cotte invented the stirring method
British iron production increased by 10 times times in 18th century
Spinning and weaving have a mutual promotion of technological innovation
1733 British Johnny Cash invented the flying shuttle (weaving)
1765 British James Hagrifs invented Jennifer Machine can (spinning)
1769 Arkwright power spinning machine, with hydraulic power, spun yarn more solid
1779 Compton invented the light walking spinning spinning machine and became the Mule machines (Arkwright combined with Hargreaves)
Cartwright Power Weaving Machine
The development of the textile industry also stipulates the direction of the factory development
Production system changes with technological innovation
All workers become dependencies of machines, changes in the status of workers
200 times times higher labour productivity in 1764-1812
In late Greece, the steam engine was discovered, but not used for actual production.
The steam engine was first used for coal pumping
Pressure cooker?? On this basis, France and Pakistan invented the steam engine
1698 British Savery invented a steam pump dedicated to pumping water.
1712 British twist door invented the air machine, joined the coupling movement
Watt made an important change to the steam engine.
Watt steam engine is not the steam itself, still is the atmospheric pressure work
The important significance of Watt's steam engine is that it is being put into business immediately, which has a great effect in the industrial revolution.
After the advent of Watt machine, the mining industry, the rapid development of textiles
Watt's steam engine does not play a role in science, mainly in its successful commercial marketing tools.
Trevisc invented a machine powered by steam, forming a competitor with the Watt machine. Watt suppressed the emergence of a high-pressure steam engine.
The large-scale trials of steam engines and the use of them are occurring in the United StatesRevolution of transport machinery (steamboat)
Liverpool and Manchester rail link connected in 1830The time of the first railroad appears
The first scientific revolution was thought to have nothing to do with science, which was launched in 18th century with Britain as its leader.
The Industrial Revolution takes the technological innovation as the opportunity, the economy grows infinitely; machines replace humans; large-scale factory production replaces artisanal production
Compton invented the spindle spinning machine, which is also a "Mule machine"
The tradition of experimental physiology and natural history are two major branches of life science
British iron production increased 10 times times by technological innovation in 18th century.
Crivisich 1800, high-pressure steam engine. But soon into the internal combustion engine. The rapid development of the steel industry has made it possible to cast solid steel, and chemical raw materials such as kerosene have begun to emerge. An internal combustion engine appears.Revolution of the transport Machinery (automobile)
Automobile Economy Automobile CultureThe Industrial Revolution is a large-scale use of natural forces
The Industrial revolution made Europeans take a step towards the development and use of natural forces.The significance of Industrial revolution
The proportion of urban population to total population marks the extent of industrialization in the region
Reach half the time
The Ford model has the meaning of: making cars everyday in American life, explaining that inventions are the mother of need, and making the production of automobiles a standard modern mode of production
The first practical train was invented by Miludeer, and the train was used to pull coal
The first two-wheeled "motorcycle" of the petrol engine was developed by DAIMLE.
The country that first appeared railroad was the United Kingdom (the answer is that America?????? ）
The steam engine was not invented by Watt, he improved it.
The core industries of industrial civilization: steel, textile, railway transportation, electrification
New Industries of Industrial civilization: architecture, food processing, modern agriculture, service industry
The scientific revolution and colonialism are accompanied. The Western powers have conquered 84% of the world's land in the 1914.
World War I was a chemist's war, and WWII was a physicist's war (nuclear weapon)
Science has two major turns--philosopher tradition and craftsman tradition
The first industrial revolution had nothing to do with the Philosopher's tradition, and the first industrial revolution was represented by engineers without any scientific education, not by scientists.
The second Industrial Revolution originated from Electromagnetics, and humans entered the electrical age.Major events in the Power Revolution
Electric motors, generators, power grids
The advent of the power grid is of great significance for the electrical age, and the laying of the grid owes to Edison
In 1879, Edison illuminated the town of Menlo, New Jersey, with electric grids and electric lights.
1882, Edison's DC generator for thousands of lighting power supply
1885 emergence of AC induction motors
High voltage power transmission to establish electric network
1869, invented the auto-ticker machine
1876, the invention of the phonograph
1879, the invention of carbonized bamboo filament lamp
1882, the world's largest power system DC generator built in New York
1894, made the first Kinetoscope
The appearance of telegraph and the magnetic effect of electric current
1822 amp designed the magnetic needle transmitter.
1838 Morse Code
Franklin's hand, caught the galloping steed, and steered the Steed, was Professor Moore.Phone
Bell was the inventor of the first practical phone.Radio
1884 TV Show9.3 20th century Great Science (exercise)
The development of electromagnetism led to the second Industrial revolution
Edison didn't invent the phone.
In 1847, the first submarine cable was laid on the English Channel by British law.
The core industries of industrial civilization include steel, electrification, textile ...
Ampere designed the magnetic resonance communication machine
Chapter Nineth Science, Technology and industry