Transferred from: http://www.cnblogs.com/zhwl/archive/2013/02/26/2933666.html
Ubuntu version is more, and based on the derivative version of Ubuntu is also a lot of people easy to confuse, but also let a lot of people do not know which one they fit, here is a simple comparison of the various versions of Ubuntu features:
before you introduce the Ubuntu version, let's talk about some of the things that are relevant to Ubuntu:
Ubuntu version number naming rules:
Ubuntu's version naming rules are very simple and easy to remember:
The first two digits are the last two digits of the year of the release, and the next two digits are the month of the release, separated by a decimal point in the middle.
For example, the latest version of Ubuntu is now 10.10, which represents the release in October 2010.
The previous version was 10.04, which represented the release in April 2010.
Ubuntu Code Name:
Ubuntu's code name is very interesting and cute, fixed is the adjective plus animal name, and this adjective and animal name of the English word of the first letter are the same.
||Upcoming Releases (2015/4)
||Trusty Tahr (reliable pita sheep)
|11.04 (Unity becomes the default desktop environment)
||Maverick Meerkat (the maverick Fox Mongoose)
||Lucid Lynx (Awake Lynx)
||Karmic Koala (Lucky koala)
||Jaunty Jackalope (lively rabbit)
||Intrepid Ibex (Fearless Highland Goat)
||Hardy Heron (a strong Heron)
||Gutsy Gibbon (The Bold gibbon)
||Feisty fawn (restless fawn)
||Edgy Eft (sharp little lizard)
||Dapper Drake (neat male duck)
||Breezy Badger (lively badger)
||Hoary Hedgehog (white-haired hedgehog)
|4.10 (initial release version)
||Warty Warthog (wart pig with multiple warts)
version update period for Ubuntu:
The time for desktop and server version updates is 6 months, unlike the 1-2-year update cycle of Windows, the shorter the update cycle, the better service you can enjoy.
Ubuntu version support time:
For desktop versions and Server editions, Ubuntu provides technical support for at least 18 months. For the long term Suppot version of the LTS version, the desktop version will provide at least 3 years of technical support, and the server version will be available for at least 5 years even if supported.
Here's a look at each version of Ubuntu:
The following is a reference to the website of Ubuntu official website interpretation and WK:
1:desktop Version:Desktop is the name of live CD, What is Live cd?live CD is a burning on the CD-ROM operating system, we do not need a hard disk can be directly on the CD to run this operating system. There is also a lot of software integration, we can generally install the system to the hard disk, similar to the Ghost system, the installation speed will be relatively fast. This version provides a graphical interface of the wizard, which allows you to easily install Ubuntu (typically the 32-bit i386 version of this system) in a step-by-step manner.
2:alternate Version:is the most standard installation version, with the text installation interface, there are many advanced options, you can install desktop, you can install the server version, suitable for the more demanding people to install, installation speed than the desktop version of the slow, but the efficiency of the runtime than the desktop version faster.
3:netbook Version:Customized and optimized for netbooks, the latest version incorporates unity, providing a beautiful user interface for small screens and a large icon design that makes it easier for users to find a variety of applications.
5:dvd Version:It includes desktop and alternate two installation modes, integrated with more software and complete language packs, and if you don't have a network you can choose the next version.
6:minimal Version:Installs the minimum image version of Ubuntu.
various derivative versions of 7:ubuntu:
One: The official supported derivative version:
Fully supported by canonical and Ubuntu
(1): Kubuntu:Unlike Ubuntu, it uses a desktop environment that is KDE Plasma, while the Ubuntu gnome,kde Plasma Desktop effect is pretty, much nicer than gnome, and in other respects basically like Ubuntu, Kubuntu can install the KDE program in addition to the Ubuntu software. Now the latest version is also 10.10, available in 32-bit and 64-bit versions, with the same installation method as Ubuntu. The interface is beautiful but the configuration requirements for computers are higher than that of Ubuntu.
(2): edubuntu:education ubuntu, this Ubuntu is very special, because it is an education for the purpose of Ubuntu, its target is mainly 6~18岁 children and teenagers and the face of school, which contains a lot of learning software, such as learning arithmetic gcompris, as well as KDE edutainment Suite,schooltool Calendar and other software. The purpose of this system is to assemble all the free education-related software into a system, and then make it easier for everyone to learn. This system interface is also used by Ubuntu gnome, other aspects, such as software installation is basically the same as Ubuntu.
(3): Server version: Ubuntu server version, built on a stable Debian server version, integrated with lamp (Linux, Apache, MySQL and PHP), installed automatically after installation, allowing you to reduce the risk of manual installation. It provides a standard Internet service: Mail, Web, DNS, and database management. And it can give you lower resource consumption (memory, hard disk, etc.) and cost, and enterprises can get it without paying.
Second: The approved derivative version
These derivative editions are based on Ubuntu.
(1): Xubuntu:Xubuntu uses the XFCE desktop environment, unlike Ubuntu's GNOME environment and Kubuntu's KDE desktop environment. Since XFCE is primarily a set of desktop environments for low-profile computers, the main feature of the Xubuntu system is that the system requirements are configured very low for older computers (such as PCs with old single cores, small memory and old integrated graphics), and are fast to install. If your computer runs Ubuntu not smooth can try to install Xubuntu.
System installation and operation configuration requirements:
The system can be installed with a desktop CD or alternate CD, the desktop version of the installation requires only 192 MB of memory, using the alternate version of the installation requires only 64MB of memory. After the installation is complete, Xubuntu needs at least 192 MB of memory to run, but it is recommended not to be less than 256MB of memory.
Install the Software:
Xubuntu primarily runs GTK +-based programs that can be used with all Ubuntu programs and KDE programs
(2): Ubuntu studio:ubuntu Studio, the system is mainly in the face of multimedia production, including video, audio editing and graphics, animation design, which has been installed by default a lot of multimedia production-related software, such as sound Ardour,audacity,hydrogen, video has Pitivi,kino, Stopmotion, such as picture Design has blender,enblend,gimp, the inside of the case of GIMP processing and Photoshop interface is very similar to the function of some places, more importantly, these software are free, Unlike multimedia editing under Windows and Macs, Adobe's design software is often used, but most of the software is paid for.
(3): Mythbuntu–mythbuntu=mythtv+ubuntu, the system is primarily for distribution to Media Center computers and is designed to create home theaters. The system incorporates MythTV software based on the PVR (Personal video recorder, personal video recorder) system.
MythTV is a software system used to turn Linux computers into a set of PVR and HTPC (home Theater Personal Computer Home personal theater computers) based on the gun GPL and DVR (digital video Recorder Digital video recorder) set up an open source software that will make it easier for you to see TV shows.
The system update cycle is the same as Ubuntu and is updated every 6 months.
Mythbuntu uses the XFCE desktop environment, all unnecessary software in Ubuntu, such as document editing Openoffice,evolution and a GNOME desktop environment are removed, if users need to use the software, Can be installed through the Mythbuntu control center, you can also install a complete Ubuntu desktop, Kubuntu desktop or Xubuntu desktop and so on.
MYTHBUBTU Control Center: You can set the system in the control center is the front or back end, you can install a different desktop environment, install plug-ins, configure MySQL, set passwords, install drivers, decoders, set remote control and so on.
Three: Local version:
Due to CD size limitations, Ubuntu CDs are not all language-aligned and are available on DVD. However, after installing the system, you can still download the full language pack from the network.
Other derivative versions
Ubuntu's derivative version is too many, in addition to those above the more famous, there are many are not very famous, visit the following URL can be detailed to learn about other versions:
First introduced here, some places may be unclear or introduce errors, welcome to point out the mistake. Now I believe you have a certain understanding of the various versions of Ubuntu at least.
Introduction to various versions of Ubuntu