3D Programming: Spotlights

Source: Internet
Author: User
Tags data structures include mul


A spotlight is a combination of a directional light and point light. There is a coordinate position in the world space, but the light shines only in a particular direction. In addition, spotlight, like Point Light, is also attenuated by distance, but spotlight also decays around the original direction of light. You can think of spotlight as a virtual flashlight, forming a focus beam (focused beam) decays as the light is farther away from the center of the light.

Simulating a spotlight requires a coordinate position, direction, radiation radius, color and intensity, and floating-point values that describe the inner and outer angles of the focus beam radiation range. The elements are described in Figure 7.4.

Figure 7.4 An illustration of a spotlight.

Listing 7.3 lists a simple spotlight effect code. As before, copy the code into the nvidia FX composer. The code will be explained in detail next.

List 7.3 spotlight.fx

#include "include\\common.fxh"/************* resources *************/cbuffer cbufferperframe {float4 Ambientcolor:
		Ambient < string uiname = "Ambient Light";
	String uiwidget = "Color";

	> = {1.0f, 1.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f};
		FLOAT4 Lightcolor:color < string Object = "LightColor0";
		String uiname = "Spot Light Color";
	String uiwidget = "Color";

	> = {1.0f, 1.0f, 1.0f, 1.0f};
		FLOAT3 Lightposition:position < string Object = "SpotLightPosition0";
		String uiname = "Spot Light Position";
	String space = "the World";

	> = {0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f};
		FLOAT3 Lightlookat:direction < string Object = "SpotLightDirection0";
		String uiname = "Spot Light Direction";
	String space = "the World";

	> = {0.0f, 0.0f, -1.0f};
		Float Lightradius < String uiname = "Spot Light Radius";
		String uiwidget = "Slider";
		float uimin = 0.0;
		float Uimax = 100.0;
	float Uistep = 1.0;

	> = {10.0f}; Float Spotlightinnerangle < String uiname = "Spot Light InnEr Angle ";
		String uiwidget = "Slider";
		float uimin = 0.5;
		float Uimax = 1.0;
	float uistep = 0.01;

	> = {0.75f};
		Float Spotlightouterangle < String uiname = "Spot Light Outer Angle";
		String uiwidget = "Slider";
		float uimin = 0.0;
		float Uimax = 0.5;
	float uistep = 0.01;
	> = {0.25f}; FLOAT3 Cameraposition:cameraposition < string uiwidget= "None";
	} cbuffer cbufferperobject {float4x4 worldviewprojection:worldviewprojection < string uiwidget= ' None '; >; float4x4 World:world < string uiwidget= "None";
		FLOAT4 Specularcolor:specular < string uiname = "Specular Color";
	String uiwidget = "Color";

	> = {1.0f, 1.0f, 1.0f, 1.0f};
		Float Specularpower:specularpower < String uiname = "specular power";
		String uiwidget = "Slider";
		float Uimin = 1.0;
		float Uimax = 255.0;
	float Uistep = 1.0;
> = {25.0f};
	} texture2d colortexture < string resourcename = "Default_color.dds"; String uiname = "Color TExture ";
String resourcetype = "2D";

	Samplerstate Colorsampler {Filter = min_mag_mip_linear;
	Addressu = WRAP;


Rasterizerstate disableculling {cullmode = NONE;
	/************* Data Structures *************/struct Vs_input {float4 objectposition:position;
	FLOAT2 Texturecoordinate:texcoord;
FLOAT3 Normal:normal;

	struct Vs_output {float4 position:sv_position;
	FLOAT3 Normal:normal;
	FLOAT2 texturecoordinate:texcoord0;
	FLOAT3 Worldposition:texcoord1;
	float Attenuation:texcoord2;	
FLOAT3 Lightlookat:texcoord3;

	/************* Vertex Shader *************/vs_output vertex_shader (vs_input in) {vs_output out = (vs_output) 0; Out. Position = Mul (in.
	Objectposition, worldviewprojection); Out. Worldposition = Mul (in.
	Objectposition, World). XYZ; Out. Texturecoordinate = Get_corrected_texture_coordinate (in. 
	Texturecoordinate); Out. Normal = Normalize (Mul (FLOAT4) (in. 
	Normal, 0), world). xyz); FLOAT3 lightdirection = LightpoSition-out.	
	Worldposition; Out.	
	Attenuation = Saturate (1.0f-length (lightdirection)/Lightradius); Out.
	Lightlookat =-lightlookat;
return out;
	/************* Pixel Shader *************/float4 pixel_shader (vs_output in): sv_target {float4 out = (float4) 0; FLOAT3 lightdirection = Normalize (lightposition-in.   
	Worldposition); FLOAT3 viewdirection = Normalize (cameraposition-in.
	Worldposition); FLOAT3 normal = normalize (in.
	float n_dot_l = dot (normal, lightdirection);
	FLOAT3 Halfvector = normalize (lightdirection + viewdirection);
	float N_dot_h = dot (normal, halfvector); FLOAT3 Lightlookat = Normalize (in.

	Lightlookat); FLOAT4 color = colortexture.sample (Colorsampler, in.	
	Float4 lightcoefficients = Lit (n_dot_l, n_dot_h, specularpower);
	FLOAT3 ambient = get_vector_color_contribution (Ambientcolor, COLOR.RGB); FLOAT3 diffuse = get_vector_color_contribution (Lightcolor, LIGHTCOEFFICIENTS.Y * color.rgb) * in.
	attenuation; FLOAT3 SPEcular = Get_scalar_color_contribution (Specularcolor, Min (lightcoefficients.z, COLOR.W)) * in.
	float spotfactor = 0.0f;	
	float Lightangle = dot (Lightlookat, lightdirection);
	if (Lightangle > 0.0f) {spotfactor = Smoothstep (Spotlightouterangle, Spotlightinnerangle, Lightangle);
	} Out.rgb = ambient + (Spotfactor * (diffuse + specular));

	OUT.A = 1.0f;
return out; }/************* Techniques *************/technique10 Main10 {pass P0 {SetVertexShader (Compileshader, Vs_4_0
		Ex_shader ()));
		Setgeometryshader (NULL);
		SetPixelShader (Compileshader (Ps_4_0, Pixel_shader ()));
	Setrasterizerstate (disableculling);

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