6174 of the problem __ Algorithm competition introductory Classic

Source: Internet
Author: User
In 1955, Capueca (D.r.kaprekar) studied a transformation of four-digit numbers: give a four digit k0, with its four digits from large to small rearrange into a four-digit m, subtract its inverse ordinal rev (m), draw several K1=m-rev (m), then, Continue to repeat the above transformation to K1, Count K2. So go on, Capueca found that no matter how big the k0 is four digits,

As long as the four numbers are not the same, up to 7 times above the transformation, there will be four digits 6174. For example:

k0=5298,k1=9852-2589=7263,k2=7632-2367=5265,k3=6552-2556=3996,k4=9963-3699=6264,k5=6642-2466=4176,k6=7641-1467 =6174.

Later, this issue was handed down, people call this problem "6174 problem", the transformation referred to above is called Capueca transformation, referred to as K transformation.

In general, as long as in the 0,1,2,..., 9 to take four of the number of unequal numbers to form an integer k0 (not necessarily four digits), and then from the K0 start to do the K transformation, the number of K1,K2,K3,..., will have a certain m (m=<7), so that km=6174.

More generally, from the 0,1,2,..., 9 to take n not all the same number to form a decimal number k0 (not necessarily n digits), and then, from K0 began to do K transformation, to get K1,K2,..., then what will the result be? It is now known that:

n=2, can only form a cycle: (27,45,09,81,63). For example, take two digits 7 and 3, and do a continuous k transformation, and conclude that: 36,27,45,09,81,27,... A loop occurs.

N=3, can only form a cycle: (495).

N=4, can only form a cycle: (6174).

N=5, three cycles have been found: (53855,59994), (62964,71973,83952,74943), (63954,61974,82962,75933).

N=6, three cycles have been found: (642654,...), (631764,...), (549945,...).

N=7, a loop has been found: (8719722,...).

N=8, four cycles have been found: (63317664), (97508421), (83208762,...), (86308632,...)

N=9, three cycles have been found: (864197532), (975296421,...), (965296431,...)

It is easy to prove that for any natural number n>=2, continuous k transformation must form a loop. This is because the number of n digits consists of only finite ones. But for n>=5, the number of loops and the length of the loop (the number of numbers in each loop) is unclear, This is also some of the domestic math enthusiasts are keen to study a topic.

Enter an n-digit number, sort all numbers from big to small to get a, get B from small to large, and replace the original number with A-b
and continues to operate. 1234, 4321-1234=3087, 8730-378=8352, 8532-2358=6174
Sample input: 1234
Sample output: 1234->3087->8352->6074->6174

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string>

//object function
int cmp (const void *_a, const void *_b)
	char *a = (char *) _a;
	Char *b = (char *) _b;

	return *a-*b;
int getNext (int x)
	int A;
	int b;
	int n;
	Char s[100] = {0};
	Digital Turn character
	sprintf (S, "%d", x);
	Character arrays are arranged
	qsort (S,strlen (s), sizeof (S[0)), CMP);
	The character array turns digital
	sscanf (S, "%d", &a);
	Flip character, Strrev is not an ANSI function (Standard C library function)
	Strrev (s);
	SSCANF (S, "%d", &b);

	return b-a;

int num[2000];
int count;

int main (void)
	scanf ("%d", &num[0]);
	printf ("%d", num[0]);

	Count = 1;
	while (1)
		Num[count] = GetNext (num[count-1]);
		printf ("->%d", Num[count]);
		int found = 0;
		for (int i = 0; i < count; ++i)
			if (num[i] = = Num[count])
				found = 1;
		if (found) break
	printf ("\ n");
	return 0;

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