What are the key skills in designing websites? What are the traps? Here, world-class website design experts let you share their secrets and tell you: tips to make websites interesting, what should be avoided, what tools and software should be used, and websites they love and hate.
01 clear content
If you want to become a website designer and want to build a website, you should first consider the website content, including Website Functions and what your users need. Your entire design should be centered on these aspects.
02 capture users
If you cannot quickly access your website, or the operation is not convenient, the website design will fail. Do not disappoint users and turn to your competitor's website.
03 optimized content
Content is the core. About two years ago, an enterprise website was like an advertisement. what's even worse is that the website uses a large number of images and it seems that it will take several centuries to download them.
Chanels website (www. channels. co. UK) is successful in some aspects of the design, but the content is too greedy, and it takes a long time to find what you want, so it is not a successful website.
04 quick download
Nothing is worse than taking a long time to download the page. As an experience, a standard web page should be no more than 60 kb, and loading through a 56k modem takes 30 seconds. Some designers say that webpage loading should be within 15 seconds.
05 website upgrade
Always pay attention to the website running status. Hosts with good performance may run slowly as the number of visitors increases. However, if you do not want to lose visitors, you must carefully plan your Upgrade Plan.
06 adhere to basic principles
Even if you do not understand the HTML language, you only need to buy a copyrighted WYSIWYG web design tool, such as Adobe pagemill or Microsoft FrontPage express, to create a website that looks reasonable. However, during the design, although these software packages do not require HTML, the website speed is reduced.
To successfully design a website, you must understand how html works. Most website designers suggest that new users search for answers from HTML books and use NotePad to create web pages.
07 learning html
You can use HTML to design websites to control the entire design process. However, if you are new to website design, you should look for a software package that allows you to modify HTML. Homesite4 is a good web design tool. During the design process, homesite4 can help you learn HTML. It also allows you to switch to WYSIWYG mode so that you can preview your website before sending it to the Web.
08 draw a website frame with strokes
Sage cloud: pen is more powerful than sword. Before using a computer, draw a website frame to show the relationship between all webpages. Plan how your users will spend the least time browsing your website.
09 "no good solution can be found on the computer ". -- Expert advice
10. Website Map
Many designers put their website maps on their websites. This approach has more disadvantages than advantages. Most visitors search for special information on the Internet and are not interested in how your website works. If you think your website needs a map, you may need to improve your navigation and toolbar.
11 "Open your eyes and pay attention to everything. Observe the least relevant things to get the best inspiration. Observe the structure and design of a site. Understand the key elements of the site structure and ensure that your design is centered around site browsing. "-- Expert advice
12 click rules
Have you heard of three click rules? For small websites, you do not have any information on your home page. You need to click more than three times. For large websites, use navigation and toolbar to improve operations.
13 application of special Fonts
Although you can use special fonts in your HTML, you cannot predict what your visitors will see on their computers. Pages that look pretty good on your computer may look very bad on another different platform. Some website designers like to use it to define features. Although you are allowed to use special fonts, Some workarounds are still needed to prevent the fonts you select from being displayed on the visitor's computer. Cascading Style table CSS helps solve these problems, but only the latest version of the browser supports CSS.
14 "use simple and practical naming rules. "-- Expert advice
15 check for typos
Good spelling is an important skill in people's life. Unfortunately, many designers lack this skill. Make sure that you have the correct spelling and pay special attention to the mistakes that are easy to write by mistake.
16 avoid long text pages
There are many text-only pages on a site, which is boring and wastes the potential of web. If you have a large number of text-based documents, they should be placed in Adobe Acrobat format so that your visitors can read them offline.
17 do not use rolling bars
People hate using rolling bars online. Trouble website (www. Trouble. co. uk) is a typical poorly designed website. It is based on a floating architecture. In order to read all the text, the viewer has to use a scroll bar.
18. Experts' favorite web design tools
1. Adobe Photoshop
2. Macromedia Flash
3. Adobe Illustrator
4. Adobe imageread
6. Macromedia fireworks
7. Allaire homesites
8. Microsoft notepad
9. Macromedia Director
11. Macromedia freehand
12. Others: Adobe Acrobat Exchange, Allaire ColdFusion, bbedit, editplus, HTML validator, etc.
19 website Introduction
You should have a clear website introduction to tell visitors what your website can provide so that they can find what they want. However, many designers do not. Effective navigation bar and search tools make it easy for people to find useful information, which is very important to visitors. Tell visitors that what you provide is exactly what they want.
20 "Once the website is released, all the advantages and disadvantages of the website design will be published to the world. There is no way to learn more than from your own mistakes, listening to others' suggestions, and user feedback. "-- Expert advice
21 flashing is a headache
You can use the logo to attract the attention of visitors to the special part of your home page, but it also brings headaches to your visitors. If you want visitors to patronize your website again, use this method less.
22. Background Color
Background color may also cause some problems, which may make the webpage difficult to read. You should stick to the white background and black text, and stick to the general font.
23 forward and backward buttons
Do not force the user to use the forward and backward buttons. Your design should allow users to quickly find what they want. The vast majority of good websites have the same navigation bar at the same location on each page, allowing viewers to access any part of the website from each page.
24 "stick to your belief. Strictly abide by various rules. Avoid taking it for granted. Never stop learning. "-- Expert advice
25 click the Calculator
Do not easily consider placing a striking click recorder on your website. You design a website to provide services to visitors, rather than selling what you think is important. Most viewers think that counters are meaningless. They are easy to be fake, and viewers do not want to watch advertisements either. If you show how popular your website is, you 'd better provide a link to display access logs.
26. Do not use a framework
Like the stenographer, frameworks are becoming increasingly popular on Web pages. On most websites, there is a frame on the left of the screen. However, the designer immediately discovered that many problems occurred when using the framework. When using the frame, it is almost impossible to display the entire website without a 17 inch display. The framework also makes the personal homepage of the website not bookmarks. Perhaps more importantly, search engines are often confused by frameworks and thus cannot list your websites.
27 remove images
Even if the image function is removed from the browser, visitors must be able to achieve satisfactory results on your website. Visitors who use ISDN connections and turn off the image function can also obtain good webpage loading performance. You can provide additional links at the bottom of the page and use alternative text, rather than images, to meet your needs.
28 reuse Images
Some websites miss the opportunity to use better skills because they use a large number of images that are not repeated. It is a good way to use the same images multiple times on the Web page when creating trademarks. Once they are loaded, they will soon be reloaded.
29 avoid using too large images
Do not use images that span the entire screen. Prevent visitors from scrolling the screen to the right. 75% of screen width is a good suggestion.
30 "do not use the show-off technique. "-- Expert advice
31 select Flash Animation
Many visitors who use relatively slow computers find that animation Icons can easily exhaust system resources and make website operations very difficult. Therefore, users should be given an option to skip Flash animation.
32. Use as few flash plug-ins as possible
Although many web designers believe that flash is powerful, netscape5.0 supports flash and does not need to download any plug-ins during use. However, it is best to cancel the idea of using flash for each interface.
33. let users preview small images first
If you have to place a large image on your website, you 'd better use the thumbnails software to display the preview effect of the reduced image version, in this way, users do not have to waste money or time downloading large images that they don't even want to see.
34 combination of animation and content
Make sure that the animation and content are associated. They should be integrated with the web page, rather than dry. Animation is not just a simple accumulation of things such as Macromedia ctor.
35 use voice with caution
The use of voice should also be vigilant. Inline sound is another prohibited place for web designers. Because the excessive use of sound will make the download speed very slow, and it does not bring many benefits to viewers. It may be interesting to hear the mouse sound for the first time, but it will be annoying after many times. Before using the sound, you should carefully consider what the sound will bring to you.
36 Use less Java and axtivex
Java and axtivex should be used as little as possible on the webpage. Because not every browser needs to use it, it is only needed by users of earlier versions of Netscape and explorer. In addition, Mac also has problems in processing java. Excessive use of Java causes Mac to crash.
37 successful website design
Www. BMW. co. uk-good content and relevance
Www.yugop.com -- the image download is very fast.
Www.comicrelief.org. UK-simple and clear design
Www.dreamcast-europe.com www. newsunlimited. co. uk www.newbeetle.com www.swoon.com www. Viaduct. co. uk.
38 use the plug-in with caution
In web design, depending on some special plug-ins will reduce the attractiveness of the website. If the visitor does not have the required plug-in, he/she will have to download it from other sites, so that the visitor may not return it.
39. Use famous plug-ins
If a website has sound or video, make sure that you can hear or see it by using a well-known plug-in. Many sites use the QuickTime, realplay, and Shockwave Plug-ins. Because many visitors are reluctant to waste a lot of time and money downloading plug-ins that may only be used once.
40 use advanced technology
Keep up with new technologies. The progress of web technology will never stop, so it takes some time to study new products and development technologies.
41 create your own images and sounds
Use images and sounds that you have created or downloaded from a commercial website. When creating a commercial website, you should spend enough money to create images to enhance the company's publicity.
-- Expert advice
43. platform compatibility
For the sake of users, you must test your website on at least one PC and One Mac machine to see compatibility.
44 errors found using software analysis tools
Use a software analysis tool to check HTML. The software analysis tool doctor HTML can help you check any issues in HTML. If you have many webpages to check, you can use software analysis tools. At www.weblint.org/validation.html, you can find more efficient html tools.
45. Avoid wrong links
The website may be linked to some other useful sites. However, if you have links on your webpage, always check them to ensure the links are valid. There may be many websites connected, but do not link to websites unrelated to your content.
46 mature things for the audience
If the website is not complete, do not send it to the Web. All the good websites are published after the background is completed.
47 register the website on the Search Engine
There are very few opportunities for anyone to discover your website, unless you register your website on the main search engine.
48 design a message board
Visitors are willing to spend their time on a good website, so it is best to have a message book, which will encourage visitors to return to your website again and help expand the website content.
49 test website
Before your website is officially released, you must perform a useful test. Use the latest software when designing websites, but do not forget that people will not use the latest browsers, so take care of the previous browsers. Test all links and navigation toolbar when uploading a website.
50 "Do your best to repeatedly test the website you have designed until you cannot find new things. "-- Expert advice
51 demo of the upcoming website
Before the website is officially run, let people demonstrate it. During the demonstration, people will tell you whether the website you designed is easy to use.
52. animation embellishment
Only one animation can be used on a webpage.
53 "the skewed button does not look very good. It is best not to use it. "-- Expert advice
54 content organization
Before creating a new webpage, carefully consider the website content organization. Decide what visitors want to view and then design the navigation system.
55 "Long live blank"
Be sure to leave the blank. Do not fill webpages with images, text, or unnecessary animated GIFs. Even if you have enough space, avoid using it during design.
56 "Use blank space to attract attention. To attract attention, web designers use various methods, such as blinking and rotating, but using blank spaces will attract more attention. "-- Expert advice
57. Image Compression
To keep a small image, you can use Program It can automatically compress the image.
First declare the image size
It is best to describe the image size attribute in detail before the image is displayed. You can save this attribute in the IMG label. This makes the web page appear smooth, because the browser can display the entire web page on the screen before the image is downloaded.
58 websites with design failures
-- It takes an hour to find a T-shirt on it;
-- Too many services are promised to the customer, but the real implementation is too small;
-- Two years ago, the design level ignored the customer's needs;
Www. miniheroes. co. uk
-- Not attractive. The home page is too repeat
-- Poor design
-- No new ideas
-- Navigate to Alibaba Cloud
59. The image size attribute can be saved in the IMG label. This makes the web page appear smooth, because the browser can display the entire web page on the screen before the image is downloaded.
60 user registration
If you know who browsed the website and how it browsed the website, you can get a lot of useful information. However, it is risky to ask a visitor to register before browsing the website because it will drive away a group of people unwilling to register. Another way to obtain information is to perform prize-winning quiz or monetary rewards, so that users can enter some information feedback forms.
61 make the website interactive
Some tools are provided on the website to answer questions, so that visitors can obtain interactive information from the website.
62. Image update
Change images on websites as often as possible. people prefer to click images instead of text.
63. Provide games on the website
Games are a good interactive tool, and it is a good way for visitors to patronize websites again.
64 select tool software
Carefully select the web design tool. Make sure you use the software you want most and feel best about yourself.
65 use the latest software
Try to use the latest version of the web design software, and be authorized to perform free or cheap upgrades.