78. simple use of iconv

Source: Internet
Author: User

1. If you need to operate files in Windows in Linux, you may frequently encounter file encoding conversion problems. In Windows, the default file format is GBK (gb2312), while Linux is generally a UTF-8.

2. You can view the file encoding in vim.

: Set fileencoding

Solve the problem of using Vim to View File garbled characters.

~ /. Add the following content to vimrc:

Set encoding = UTF-8 fileencodings = ucs-bom, UTF-8, cp936

3. file encoding and conversion

1) convert the file encoding directly in Vim. For example, convert a file to UTF-8 format.

: Sets fileencoding = UTF-8

2) enconv conversion file encoding, such as to convert a GBK encoded file into UTF-8 encoding:

Enconv-l zh_cn-x UTF-8 filename

3) iconv conversion. The iconv command format is as follows:

Iconv-F encoding-T encoding inputfile

For example, converting a UTF-8-encoded file into GBK Encoding

Iconv-F UTF-8-t gbk file1-O file2

4. iconv options

①-C: Ignore invalid characters from the output

②-O, -- output = file: output file

③-F, -- from-code = Name Original Text Encoding

④-T, -- to-code = Name output Encoding

⑤-L, -- list lists all known character sets

⑥-- Usage provides brief usage information

5. batch conversion [4]

Assume that foo1.txt foo2.txt... foon.txt is a gb2312 internal code, and all of them are specially made into the big5 internal code, and big5 is added as the suffix. Create a script gb2312_2_big5.sh with the following content:

Ls *. txt | while read I

Do iconv-F gb2312-T big5 $ I >$ I. big5


Save and run

Sh gb2312_2_big5.sh


[1] viewing file encoding formats and file encoding conversion in Linux


[2] This article describes the C language library version of iconv, which is worth reading.



[3] describes the options in detail.


[4] batch conversion


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