Admin (ii)--linux command line Basics

Source: Internet
Author: User
Tags parent directory file permissions

Tagged with: Mount wildcard alias

One, the Linux command
The execution of the Linux command depends on the interpreter (for example:/bin/bash)
Classification of 1.LINUX Commands:
--Internal command: part of the Interpreter
--External command: A program other than the interpreter

2. Several shortcut keys
--ctrl+l: Empty the entire screen (or enter clear at the command line)
--ctrl + u: emptying to the beginning of the line
--ctrl + w: delete a word (delimited by a space)
--ctrl + C: End a running instruction
--esc +. : Pastes the arguments of the previous command

Two, Mount Mount operation
1. Mount and Mount points
--mount point: The mount point is the access point, and access to the device is required through the access point. The icon for a Windows Live symbol is an access point, and the access point for Linux is a directory.
-Mount: Mount the CD/u disk/partition/network storage device to a Linux directory. Various command tools operate these devices by accessing the Linux directory.
2. Command format
#mount Device path mount point directory
Example: #mount/dev/cdrom/mnt//mounting device
#ls/mnt//access to device content

3. Unmount a mounted disc or partition
Format: #umount mount point Directory
Example: #umount/mnt

Third, view the directory command
Format: LS [options] [directory or file name]
Common Command Options
-L: Display in long format
-A: Include hidden files whose names begin with.
-D: Displays the properties of the directory itself (not the content)
-H: Provides easy-to-read capacity units (K, M, etc.)
-r: Indicates recursive display

2. Wildcard characters
For an indeterminate document name car, represented by a special character
--? : Represents a single word I character
-- : denotes multiple arbitrary characters
--[A-Z]: one of multiple characters or continuous range, omitted if none
--{A,MIN,XY}: Multiple sets of different strings, full match
For example: ls-d/M
matches a directory starting with M
ls-d/M?? Matches a directory that starts with M and has a name of three characters

Iv. New Document
1.mkdir Creating a Directory
Format: mkdir [-P] [/path/] Directory name
For example: #mkdir-P/vod/movie/cartoon//-p means to create a parent directory together
#ls-R/vod//recursive display directory

2. Create and modify files using vim
Format: VIM [[/directory/] file name]
If the destination file does not exist, create a new empty file and edit
If the destination file already exists, open the file and edit
Vim can only create text documents, cannot create directories
Command mode i key into input mode, ESC key return command mode
Command mode: Key into the last line mode
Enter WQ in the last line mode save and exit, enter q! Discard Changes and exit

Five. Copy, delete, move
1.RM Delete
Format: RM [options] File or directory
Common options:-r recursive Delete, delete the directory itself and its subdirectories
-F Force Delete
-I prompt to delete information when deleting (system default rm= ' Rm-r ')
Example: RM-RF/AA//forcibly delete all subdirectories and files under the AA directory
2.MV Move, rename
Format: MV [options] source file destination Path
Move: equivalent to cut
Rename: Path invariant movement
Example: Mv/opt/aa/xiaoha.txt/opt/bb//Cut xiaoha.txt into directory/opt/bb
Mv/opt/aa/xiaoha.txt/opt/aa/123.txt//rename xiaoha.txt to 123.txt

3.CP replication
Format: CP [option] source file destination Path
MV will let the source file disappear, CP will not let the source file disappear
Copy supports renaming at the same time
-r: Recursive copy, must have this option when copying directories
-P: Keep the source file permissions, modification time and other properties unchanged
Aliases for 4.alias--commands: Simplifying the input of complex commands
Example: Alias Myls = ' Ls-lh '
Remove alias: Unalias myls
Alias precedence is higher than instruction
Just enter alias to display the alias that is currently in effect
Temporarily de-alias: (valid only in the current command) add a backslash before the command
Force copy Directory (the principle is temporarily de-alias): \cp-r/boot//opt/
--Real on-machine alias modification (Permanent modification): Modify the configuration file/ROOT/.BASHRC, read the file every time it is turned on, and re-open the new terminal will be read again

Admin (ii)--linux command line Basics

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