Android Notes (50) JSON data in Android

Source: Internet
Author: User

What is JSON:

JSON is a lightweight text data interchange Format

JSON independent of language and platform

JSON is self-descriptive and easier to understand

JSON syntax:

Data in name/value pairs

Data separated by commas

Curly braces represent objects

The brackets represent the array

JSON uses:

 Packagecn.lixyz.jsontest.activity;;;;;;;ImportOrg.json.JSONArray;Importorg.json.JSONException;ImportOrg.json.JSONObject;;ImportAndroid.os.Bundle;Importandroid.os.Environment;ImportAndroid.util.Log;ImportAndroid.view.View;ImportCN.LIXYZ.JSONTEST.R; Public classMainactivityextendsActivity {@Overrideprotected voidonCreate (Bundle savedinstancestate) {Super. OnCreate (savedinstancestate);    Setcontentview (R.layout.activity_main); }     Public voidClickbutton (View v) {Switch(V.getid ()) { ();  Break; ();  Break; }    }    //writing files to the SDcard    Private voidWritejson () {//Create a JSON objectJsonobject root =NewJsonobject (); Try {            //inserting elements using put (Kay,value)Root.put ("Class", "Second class three years"); //several common objects used to join an arrayJsonobject Student1 =NewJsonobject (); Student1.put ("id", 1); Student1.put ("Name", "Zhang San"); Student1.put ("Age", 10); Jsonobject Student2=NewJsonobject (); Student2.put ("id", 2); Student2.put ("Name", "John Doe"); Student2.put ("Age", 11); Jsonobject Student3=NewJsonobject (); Student3.put ("ID", 3); Student3.put ("Name", "Harry"); Student3.put ("Age", 13); Jsonobject Student4=NewJsonobject (); Student4.put ("ID", 4); Student4.put ("Name", "Zhao Liu"); Student4.put ("Age", 14); Jsonobject student5=NewJsonobject (); Student5.put ("ID", 5); Student5.put ("Name", "Sun Seven"); Student5.put ("Age", 15); Jsonobject Student6=NewJsonobject (); Student6.put ("id", 6); Student6.put ("Name", "Liu Ba"); Student6.put ("Age", 16); //Create a JSON arrayJsonarray array =NewJsonarray (); //Add the JSON object you created earlierArray.put (STUDENT1);            Array.put (Student2);            Array.put (STUDENT3);            Array.put (STUDENT4);            Array.put (STUDENT5);            Array.put (STUDENT6); //add a JSON arrayRoot.put ("Student", array); LOG.D ("Tttt", array.tostring ()); } Catch(jsonexception e) {//TODO auto-generated Catch blockE.printstacktrace (); } String PackageName= This. Getpackagename (); String Jsonfilename= "Json.json"; String Sdcardpath=environment.getexternalstoragedirectory (). toString (); File Sdcardpackagepath=NewFile (Sdcardpath + "/" +PackageName); if(!sdcardpackagepath.exists ()) {            if(Sdcardpackagepath.mkdir ()) {LOG.D ("Tttt", "Create directory Success"); } Else{LOG.D ("Tttt", "Create Directory not successful"); }} File Jsonfile=NewFile (Sdcardpackagepath + "/" +jsonfilename); if(!jsonfile.exists ()) {            Try {                if(Jsonfile.createnewfile ()) {LOG.D ("Tttt", "Create File succeeded"); } Else{LOG.D ("Tttt", "Failed to create file"); }            } Catch(IOException e) {//TODO auto-generated Catch blockE.printstacktrace (); }        }        Try {            //writing JSON data to a fileFileWriter FileWriter =NewFileWriter (Jsonfile);            Filewriter.write (Root.tostring ());        Filewriter.flush (); } Catch(IOException e) {//TODO auto-generated Catch blockE.printstacktrace (); }    }    //reading JSON files in the assets directory    Private voidReadjson () {Try {            //read the JSON file in the assets directoryInputStreamReader ISR =NewInputStreamReader (Getassets (). Open ("Test.json"), "UTF-8"); BufferedReader BR=NewBufferedReader (ISR);            String Line; StringBuilder Builder=NewStringBuilder ();  while(line = Br.readline ())! =NULL) {builder.append (line);            } br.close (); //get to the object in the JSON fileJsonobject root =NewJsonobject (builder.tostring ()); //Get value using GetString (key)LOG.D ("Tttt", "class=" + root.getstring ("class"))); //get JSON arrayJsonarray array = root.getjsonarray ("Student");  for(inti = 0; I < Array.Length (); i++) {Jsonobject student=Array.getjsonobject (i); LOG.D ("Tttt", "id=" + student.getint ("id") + ", name=" + student.getstring ("name") + ", age=" + student.get Int ("Age")); }        } Catch(unsupportedencodingexception e) {//TODO auto-generated Catch blockE.printstacktrace (); } Catch(IOException e) {//TODO auto-generated Catch blockE.printstacktrace (); } Catch(jsonexception e) {//TODO auto-generated Catch blockE.printstacktrace (); }    }}


<LinearLayoutxmlns:android= "Http://"Xmlns:tools= "Http://"Android:layout_width= "Match_parent"Android:layout_height= "Match_parent"android:orientation= "vertical"Android:paddingbottom= "@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"Android:paddingleft= "@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"Android:paddingright= "@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"Android:paddingtop= "@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"Tools:context= "Cn.lixyz.jsontest.activity.MainActivity" >    <ButtonAndroid:id= "@+id/bt_writejson"Android:layout_width= "Match_parent"Android:layout_height= "Wrap_content"Android:onclick= "Clickbutton"Android:text= "@string/writejson" />    <ButtonAndroid:id= "@+id/bt_readjson"Android:layout_width= "Match_parent"Android:layout_height= "Wrap_content"Android:onclick= "Clickbutton"Android:text= "@string/readjson" /></LinearLayout>


{"    student": [        {"id": 1, "name": "Zhang San", "Age": ten},        {"id": 2, "name": "John Doe", "Age": one},        {"id": 3, "name": " Harry "," Age ":        4," name ":" Zhao Liu "," Age ": seven},        {" id ": 5," name ":" Sun "," Age ": +},        {" id ": 6," name ":" Liu Ba "," Age ": [},    ],    " class ":" Three-year second class "    }

Android Notes (50) JSON data in Android

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