ASP. NET MVC Controller Learning 2

Source: Internet
Author: User
Tags httpcontext

Implement your own controller

Normally defined controllers inherit from the controller class, and the controller class inherits Controllerbase, which finally implements the IController interface.

 Public Interface IController    {        void  Execute (RequestContext requestcontext);    }

Implement your own controller

Create a new class in the Controller folder named Minecontroller, let's implement the IController interface

 Public void Execute (System.Web.Routing.RequestContext requestcontext)        {            = requestContext.HttpContext.Timestamp;             string action = requestcontext.routedata.values["action"]. ToString ();            RequestContext.HttpContext.Response.Write (string. Format (" 0},action name{1}", time. ToString (), action));        }

Enter Http://localhost:8398/Mine/Index in the browser

Successful implementation of one of your own handwritten controller controllers

Of course, when implementing the controller, we still inherit the controllers abstract class

The interaction of data

Controller three ways to get the data are mainly 1. A series of context objects 2. Parameters passed to the action Method 3. Model binding feature for the calling framework that is displayed

Context objects: Request, Response, Routedata, HttpContext, and Server

The Controller abstract class encapsulates the primary context object

 Public Get ; }          Public Get ; }          Public Get ; }          Public Get ; }          Public get; }

Of course we can get the value as request.form,request.querystring as in WebForm.

Arguments passed to the action

In the first method we get the data by getting the contextual information, encapsulating the more powerful way to get the information in MVC, and we can get its value by passing in the parameter in the action's method.

DateTime time =string action = requestcontext.routedata.values["action" ]. ToString ();

Through the encapsulation of MVC, we can rewrite

 Public ActionResult Index (datatime time,string  action) {}

And this neat way doesn't have to be the case.

Why you can pass the value in this way:

The Controller class obtains the value of the parameter for the Action method through the value provider of the MVC framework and the model binder component.

Value provider provides a range of values that can be accessed in the controller, internally it passes from Request.Form, Request.QueryString, Request.Files, and Routedata.values Data (a collection of key values), and then passing the data to model Binder,model Binder attempts to match the data to the parameters of the action method. The default model binder can be created and assigned to any. NET type Object parameters (that is, the parameters of the Action method), including the collection and the custom type.

Realize your actionresult.

There are a lot of actionresult defined in the controller, so let's do our own actionresult, let's see what's in the abstract class ActionResult.

 Public Abstract class ActionResult    {        protected  actionresult ();          Public Abstract void Executeresult (ControllerContext context);    }

Seems to implement Actionrsult, after inheritance is mainly to rewrite the Executeresult method, we create a new class Myactionresult

 Public class Myactionresult:actionresult    {        publicoverridevoid  Executeresult (controllercontext context)        {             string Controller = context. routedata.values["controller"]. ToString ();            Context. HttpContext.Response.Write (string. Format (" director name {0}", Controller));        }    }

In the controller we create a new ActionResult

 Public actionresult Testmycontroller ()        {            returnnew  myactionresult ();        }

Enter Http://localhost:8398/Login/testMyController in the browser

We can see that our custom ActionResult has been successfully implemented.

Action passes data to the view view

Here are a few ways to pass data from the view view to action, and now summarize some of the ways in which you can pass data to the view

ViewModel Object
 Public actionresult Testmycontroller ()        {            =;             return View (time);        }
@model datetime@{    "testmycontroller";}  is @Model .dayofweek</span>

The role of @Model in the foreground is to declare the type of the model property, eliminating the hassle of type conversion, and @Model is a reference to the view model object.

There are several ways to ViewBag, ViewData, and TempData properties

ASP. NET MVC Controller Learning 2

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