C#/java Programmer to Go/golang Programmer's notes (Day 04)

Source: Internet
Author: User

--------------------Interface interface

//Definition:Type IhumanerInterface{sayhi ()//interfaces can only be method declarations, no implementations, no data fields}//Student ...Type Studentstruct{IDintnamestring}func (TMP*Student) Sayhi () {fmt. Println ("student[%s,%d] sayhi", Tmp.name, tmp.id)}//Teacher ...Type Teacherstruct{addrstringGroupstring}func (TMP*Teacher) Sayhi () {fmt. Println ("teacher[%s,%d] sayhi", Tmp.addr, Tmp.group)}//mystrType MyStrstringfunc (TMP*mystr) Sayhi () {fmt. Println ("mystr[%s,%d] sayhi", *tmp)} Func Main () {//variables that define interface types    varI ihumaner//just the type of method that implements this interface, then this type of variable (receiver type) can be assigned to IS: = &student{"Loong",666} i=s I.sayhi () T:= &teacher{"CLS","ShenZhen"} i=T I.sayhi ()varstr mystr ="Hello Loong"I= &str i.sayhi ()//Print Result//Loong 666. CLS ... hello Loong}

Application of--------------------Interface interface polymorphism

//Application of polymorphismfunc whosayhi (i ihumaner) {i.sayhi ()}//Call polymorphicS: = &student{"Loong",666}t:= &teacher{"CLS","ShenZhen"}varstr mystr ="Hello Loong"Whosayhi (s) whosayhi (t) whosayhi (&str)//Create a slicex: = Make ([]ihumaner,3) x[0] =sx[1] =tx[2] = &Str for_, I: =range x {i.sayhi ()}

--------------------Interface Null interface (task type)

Func Main () {    //  NULL interface is universal type    interface1    //  string     "ABC"= & v2    // ...     And so on            . Data type //  * * * * * The internal implementation    of the printing parameters is the use of NULL interface //  FTM. Println (args ... interface{})}

-------------------- Type assertion (type query)
structStudentstruct{IDintnamestring}func Main () {i:= Make ([]Interface{},3) i[0] =1i[1] ="Hello go"i[2] = student{666,"Loong"}        //type Query     forIndex, data: =Range I {//The first return value, the second returns the true and false of the judging result        ifValue, OK: = data. (int); OK = =true {                        }        //data. (string) data. (Student) can be used as a judgment    }        //Similarly, data. (type) can also be used to determine the type of return int, string, ...}

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