Dark Horse Programmer--java Basic---process control

Source: Internet
Author: User

A Overview

Java provides two basic process control structures: branching and looping structures. Where the branching structure is used to choose to execute a piece of code based on conditions, the loop structure repeats a piece of code according to the loop condition. The spoke statements have if and switch two, and the loop statements have a for, while, and do and three kinds. In addition to this, jdk1.5 also provides a foreach loop, while Java also provides a looping structure for break and continue to control the program.

A Body

1 , sequential structure

This is the most common structure of the program, if there is no process control, Java will be executed from the top to the next time each statement, this is nothing to say.

2. Branching Structure

2.1 If Condition statement

If there are three different forms:

The first type:

if (logic expression) {       statement ...}   

The second type:

if (logic expression) {       statement ...} Else {       statement ...}

The third type:

if (logic expression) {       statement ...} Else if (logic expression) {       ifelse{       statement ...}

Note:the contents of the if parenthesis can only be a logical expression, and the return value can only be true or false. The third form of multiline code, called a block of code, is usually performed as a whole unless you encounter a keyword such as break, return, Contin, or an exception.

2.2 Switch Branch statement

The format is as follows:

 switch   case   Condition1: {statement (s)  break  ;  case   Condition2: {St       Atement (s)  break  ; }       ......        case   Conditionn: {statement (s)  break  ;  default  : {statement ( s)}}  

Note:The data type of expression expressions after the switch statement can only be byte, short, char, int four integer types, and enumeration types.

3 , cyclic structure

3.1 While Loop statement

The format is as follows:

 while (expression) {       statement;}

Note:while (expression), is a trap, you can not add a semicolon, otherwise it will cause a dead loop, and must ensure that while there is a time to jump out of the loop, otherwise it will become a dead loop.

3.2 Do and loop statements

The format is as follows:

 Do {       statement;}  while (expression);

Note: Unlike while, there must be a semicolon after the do and this semicolon indicates the end of the loop, while the first condition is judged, and if the loop body is executed as true, then the Do while executes the loop body before judging the condition, or the true continuation, or the end.

3.3 For Loop

The format is as follows:

 for ([init_statment];[ Expression]; [Iteration_statement]) {       statement;}

Note:The Init_statment initialization statement executes only once and then determines whether expression is true (expression can only be logical) and, if true, executes the loop body and executes the iteration_ after the loop body finishes. Statement, and then Judge Expreeion, if True then continue, otherwise end.

4 , control loop structure

4.1 Ending a loop with break

Break is used to completely end a loop, and sometimes we need to force the loop to terminate when a certain condition occurs, rather than wait until the loop condition is false to exit the loop.

Note: The general break only ends the current loop, but if the break is followed by a label, you can end the outer loop identified by the label (the label only works before the loop statement). For example:

outer:  for (int i=0; i<5; i++) {       for (int j=0; j<3; j + +)       {              if (j = =1                     )break  outer;}       }

4.3 Using the return End method

Return is not intended to end a loop, but rather to end a method. As follows:

 Public class test{       publicstaticvoid  main (string[] args)       {              for  int i=0; i<3; i++)              {                     if(i = =1                            )return;        }}}

When I==1 is running to return, the current method is terminated directly, here is the end of the main method (the main method ends also means that the program ends).

Three Summarize

This is my simple summary of the basic use and format of the process control structure, in fact there are more special cases, such as for (;;) and while (true) is an infinite loop. The loop can also be nested and used, and the cycle is set in small loops. For loop comparison while,for loop the variable is freed in memory after it is used, that is, after the loop is finished, it is not available, while the other is the opposite, the variable exists after the loop ends and can continue to be used.

Dark Horse Programmer--java Basic---process control

Related Article

Contact Us

The content source of this page is from Internet, which doesn't represent Alibaba Cloud's opinion; products and services mentioned on that page don't have any relationship with Alibaba Cloud. If the content of the page makes you feel confusing, please write us an email, we will handle the problem within 5 days after receiving your email.

If you find any instances of plagiarism from the community, please send an email to: info-contact@alibabacloud.com and provide relevant evidence. A staff member will contact you within 5 working days.

A Free Trial That Lets You Build Big!

Start building with 50+ products and up to 12 months usage for Elastic Compute Service

  • Sales Support

    1 on 1 presale consultation

  • After-Sales Support

    24/7 Technical Support 6 Free Tickets per Quarter Faster Response

  • Alibaba Cloud offers highly flexible support services tailored to meet your exact needs.