Details about random number generated by the random module in Python

Source: Internet
Author: User
This article summarizes the most common methods for generating random numbers in the random module in Python. If you need them, refer to the random module in Python to generate random numbers. The following describes the most common functions in the random module.

Random. random

Random. random () is used to generate a random number of points 0 to 1: 0 <= n <1.0

Random. uniform

The prototype of the random. uniform function is random. uniform (a, B), which is used to generate a random number of characters in a specified range. One of the two parameters is the upper limit and the other is the lower limit. If a> B, the random number n: a <= n <= B. If

Print random. uniform (10, 20) print random. uniform (20, 10) # ---- result (different results on different machines) #18.7356606526 #12.5798298022

Random. randint

The prototype of the random. randint () function is random. randint (a, B), which is used to generate an integer in the specified range. Where parameter a is the lower limit, parameter B is the upper limit, and the generated random number n: a <= n <= B

Print random. randint (12, 20) # generated random number n: 12 <= n <= 20 print random. randint (20, 20) # The result is always 20 # print random. randint (20, 10) # This statement is incorrect. The lower limit must be less than the upper limit.

Random. randrange

The prototype of the random. randrange function is random. randrange ([start], stop [, step]). a random number is obtained from the set that increments by the specified base number within the specified range. For example: random. randrange (10,100, 2), the result is equivalent to obtaining a random number from the [10, 12, 14, 16,... 96, 98] sequence. Random. randrange (10,100, 2) is equivalent to random. choice (range (10,100, 2) in the result.

Random. choice

Random. choice gets a random element from the sequence. The function prototype is random. choice (sequence ). The sequence parameter indicates an ordered type. Sequence is not a specific type in python, but a series of types. List, tuple, and string all belong to sequence. For sequence, see the python manual data model chapter. The following are examples of using choice:

Print random. choice ("Learn Python") print random. choice (["JGood", "is", "a", "handsome", "boy"]) print random. choice ("Tuple", "List", "Dict "))

Random. shuffle

The original function of random. shuffle is random. shuffle (x [, random]), which is used to disrupt elements in a list. For example:

P = ["Python", "is", "powerful", "simple", "and so on... "] random. shuffle (p) print p # ---- result (the results on different machines may be different .) # ['Powerful', 'simple', 'is', 'python', 'and so on... ']

Random. sample

The prototype of the random. sample function is random. sample (sequence, k). Fragments of the specified length are randomly obtained from the specified sequence. The sample function does not modify the original sequence.

List = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10] slice = random. sample (list, 5) # randomly obtain 5 elements from the list, and return the print slice print list as a piece # The original sequence has not changed.

These methods are the most commonly used in the random module. In the Python manual, we also introduce other methods. If you are interested, you can query the Python manual for more details.

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