Differences between MySQL database InnoDB and MyISAM data engine _ MySQL

Source: Internet
Author: User
The differences between MySQL database InnoDB and MyISAM data engines: InnoDB and MyISAM are the two most commonly used table types in MySQL. their respective advantages and disadvantages depend on the specific application. The basic difference is that the MyISAM type does not support advanced processing such as transaction processing, while the InnoDB type does. MyISAM tables emphasize performance, and the execution speed is faster than that of InnoDB, but transactions are not supported. InnoDB provides advanced database functions such as external keys for transactions.

MyIASM is a new version of the IASM table and has the following extensions:
Binary hierarchy portability.
NULL column index.
There are fewer fragments for long-varying rows than the ISAM table.
Supports large files.
Better index compression.
Better key? statistical distribution.
Better and faster auto_increment processing.

The following are some differences between details and specific implementations:

1. InnoDB does not support FULLTEXT indexes.
2. innoDB does not store the specific number of rows in the table. that is to say, when you execute select count (*) from table, InnoDB needs to scan the entire table to calculate the number of rows, however, MyISAM simply needs to read the number of lines saved. Note that when the count (*) statement contains the where condition, the operations on the two tables are the same.
3. for fields of the AUTO_INCREMENT type, InnoDB must contain only the index of this field. However, in the MyISAM table, you can create a joint index with other fields.
4. when deleting FROM table, InnoDB does not create a new table, but deletes a row.
5. the load table from master operation does not work for InnoDB. the solution is to first change the InnoDB TABLE to the MyISAM TABLE, and then change the imported data to the InnoDB TABLE, however, it is not applicable to tables that use additional InnoDB features (such as foreign keys.

In addition, the row lock of the InnoDB table is not absolute. if MySQL cannot determine the scope to be scanned when executing an SQL statement, the InnoDB table will also lock the entire table, for example, update table set num = 1 where name like "% aaa %"

Any type of table is not omnipotent. you only need to select a proper table type for the business type to maximize the performance advantage of MySQL.

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