With the development of science and technology is obvious popularization, integration trend, a large number of interdisciplinary disciplines came into being, the emergence of these disciplines has also affected the development of higher vocational education to a certain extent. Higher vocational education needs a new training system, such as new training idea, training mode, training way, training curriculum and teaching plan, to conform to such changes. However, the traditional curriculum development model cannot meet the needs of interdisciplinary professional talents training, and the reform of curriculum development mode is imperative.
Curriculum reform has always been the core and key of education reform, the Ministry of Education in the 16th 2006, "the Ministry of Education on the overall improvement of the teaching quality of higher vocational education," the document Spirit pointed out: "Curriculum construction and reform is the core of improving teaching quality, but also the focus and difficulty of teaching reform." The higher vocational colleges should actively cooperate with the industry enterprises to develop courses, according to the requirements of technical field and occupation position (group), to reform the curriculum system and teaching content by reference to relevant professional qualification standards. "Project curriculum has been regarded as an effective way to break through the systematic curriculum pattern of our country and to construct a course-oriented curriculum development model which embodies the characteristics of our country's vocational education."
This article takes the course "ticket management" which cooperates with the school-Enterprise Cooperation unit as an example, explores the project curriculum development mode, updates the course teaching content, and reflects the mutual infiltration technology between the disciplines to the project course teaching, through the project curriculum to understand the specialty essence.
2. Thinking and research of interdisciplinary project curriculum development
The process of economic globalization and the trend of interdisciplinary integration of science and technology require the education sector to re-establish its own concept and examine its position. Traditional education teaches specialized knowledge and skills, while the cross-cutting and comprehensive development of science and technology requires education to impart comprehensive engineering knowledge and skills. The teaching of computer information management in higher vocational colleges involves the disciplines of management, economics, computer science and technology. The content is wide, the field is many, the form is complex and diverse, so the teaching of computer information management is diversified in the content and method of the subject theory research.
However, management, economics, computer science and technology, such as the knowledge of the system, computer information management professional curriculum and practice system is related to the knowledge of the simple accumulation and patchwork, far from the point of full cross-integration. The existing teaching mode is difficult for students to really understand the internal relationship between information and management and management system. In view of the interdisciplinary characteristics of computer information management specialty, the development project course is considered in the aspect of talent training goal, professional teaching content and knowledge system. Through the establishment of multi-disciplinary knowledge of the project curriculum, students to develop comprehensive practice and the ability to apply multi-disciplinary knowledge.
3. Development and practice of Project curriculum
3.1 The position of the course in the profession and the corresponding professional core competence requirement
Ticket Management course is a compulsory comprehensive practice course for computer Information Management specialty in our university. In this course, computer-related courses include web information system design, computer network Foundation, Database introduction, scripting language and Dynamic Web design, information security, and so on, training students ' ability of analyzing and designing information system well, possessing the basic cognition and application ability of network, database and information security. The learning goal of the course is to instruct the students to familiarize themselves with the structure and design ideas of ticketing information system, to manage and maintain the system, to be familiar with the overall process of ticketing system operation, to be able to contact the actual work, to understand and skillfully complete the case requirements according to the training goal of the professional. Finally, the system of ticketing system can be developed using three-layer architecture.
3.2 Analysis of the factors of professional competence
Our university computer Information management major has the ability to design, analyze and maintain ticketing management information system, including the following aspects: (1) understand the basic business of the fare system, the function and performance index of the automatic fare system, and (2) master the business contents and main duties of the automatic fare system; (3) Master ticketing management functions and data processing functions, familiar with the basic structure of the system, understand the network structure of the system, (4) master Ticketing Management equipment working principle, working mode and maintenance, (5) Master the security of the automatic ticket system and guarantee, (6) Master ticketing consulting and maintenance methods.
3.3 Sub-item design and implementation of Project course content
According to the above-mentioned ability factor analysis and ticket management professional activity law, the ticket management related knowledge and technology are decomposed to form the teaching Content table 1.
4. Learning form of Project course
According to the actual situation of our school, the form of learning can be classroom, laboratory, school or off-campus training site, social research or service, self-study, group learning, online learning, or comprehensive learning form. For the ability to design, analyze and maintain the ticketing management information system, the design of the ticket management program is as follows:
4.1 Task-driven, sub-training
According to the job requirements of ticket management positions, using the computer laboratory platform, simulating the real ticketing management system and the fare collection environment, with carefully designed and produced sub-items, let the students understand the structure of ticketing system, familiar with the basic principles and methods of the fare collection system, train the students ' data collecting and processing, Professional abilities such as information analysis and statistics.
4.2 Engineering alternating, top post internship
Arrange the students to carry on the cognition practice to the traffic Operation unit, make the students familiar with the unit culture, understand the work flow, master the job responsibility of the ticket management staff, and apply the theory to the actual work in the process of work. The alternation of engineering will help students combine theory with practice, improve students ' practical working ability and cultivate students ' creative ability.
4.3 Social classes, skills development
Organize students to carry out social research, network investigation and other activities, understand the industry dynamics and the latest development, with the Times, organize students to carry out social practice activities, write social practice report, so that students integrate learning activities into the real work environment.
5, the teaching method design of the project course
The Ticket management Project curriculum flexibly uses the various teaching methods which match with the teaching content sub-item design, in order to arouse the student's study interest.
5.1 Event Teaching
On the basis of self-study, the group or the whole class discussion exchanges, summarizes the knowledge and the experience, and forms the summary report for the teacher-student exchange discussion. At the same time, students after-school social practice activities, writing social practice report, with the Times to understand the latest industry information.
5.2 Case Teaching
According to the actual job requirements, combined with industry background, the design and production of a complete sub-operation case, the establishment of operational requirements, by the students through the laboratory computer platform. Teachers are guided by some inspiration. Students in the process of sub-project, can understand the operating characteristics and requirements of the system, through practical hands-on better familiar with the system architecture and design, master the Passenger transport organization and ticket sales work process and problem-handling methods, so as to achieve real experience, very quickly into the work environment.
5.3 Situational Simulations
With the help of the laboratory computer platform, simulating the real working environment, students play different roles, such as conductor, passenger, etc., make the task, through the role of the students to experience the requirements of the work, exercise the students ' problem-handling ability.
6. Concluding remarks
Through the development of the project curriculum, the multi-disciplinary knowledge can be combined organically and systematically to achieve the goal of capacity-building and comprehensive development. It is helpful to cultivate students ' interest in the theory course and improve the teaching effect by making students take active, practical and organic links between projects. Since the knowledge of the course is often interdisciplinary, all the content that needs to be learned and mastered revolves around the core of the sub-project design and is integrated with the core.
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Thinking and research on the development of the cross-disciplinary project course "ticketing management"