Debian system installation and configuration Apache2 + MySQL5 + PHP5 server environment

Source: Internet
Author: User
Finally, we installed LAMP with apt-get in Debian. Previously, we used CentOS for compilation and installation, which was faster than now, but the memory usage was not optimized, there is no time for further research... After installing yum, it is even more troublesome. you can use other methods. phpmyadmin cannot connect to the database... If you try N methods, you can only give up. Installed back to Debian --

Finally, we installed LAMP with apt-get in Debian. Previously, we used CentOS for compilation and installation, which was faster than now, but the memory usage was not optimized, there is no time for further research... After installing yum, it is even more troublesome,PhpmyadminCannot connect to the database... If you try N methods, you can only give up. Installed back to Debian --

Record your installation process for later use ~

1. update Debian:

Apt-get update

Apt-get updgrade

2. install Apache2:

Since the memory is only 360 MB, it is easy to use, so the prefork mode is used for installation:

Apt-get install apache2-mpm-prefork

3. installMysql

Apt-get install mysql-server-5.0 for mysql-common mysql-client

4. install php components and integrate mysql

Apt-get install php5-common php5-mysql php5-cgi php5-gdphp5-mcrypt libapache2-mod-php5 php5-memcache php5-imagickphp5-suhosin

If necessary, you can install

Apt-get install php5-common php-pear php5-curl php5-dev php5-gdphp5-idn php5-imap php5-mhash php5-ming php5-mysql php5-psphp5-pspell php5-recode php5-snmp php5-sqlite php5-tidyphp5-xsl

Note:
To delete a package, run the following command:

Apt-get remove

For example, deleting php-cgi

Apt-get remove php-cgi

If you do not know which installation packages are available, run the following command:

Apt-cache search

For example:

Apt-cache search apache2

5. set the Mysql account, password, and optimization:

Mysqladmin-u root password ''// enter the password in quotation marks

Log on to the MySQL database

Mysql-u root-p

Modify original account (mysql)

Mysql> use mysql;
Mysql> update user set user = "user-defined user name" where user = "root"; (change the root user name of mysqlCentosTo prevent brute force password cracking)
Mysql> select Host, User, Password, Select_priv, Grant_priv fromuser;
Mysql> delete from user where user = ''; (delete user)
Mysql> delete from user where password = ''; (delete a user)
Mysql> delete from user where host = ''; (delete a user)
Mysql> drop database test; (delete the default test database)
Mysql> flush privileges; (refresh the mysql cache to make the preceding settings take effect immediately)
Mysql> quit;

Modify the MySQL configuration file in/etc/mysql/my. cnf

Find # skip-innodb remove comment

Reload Mysql

/Etc/init. d/mysql reload

Or restart Mysql.

/Etc/init. d/mysql restart

6. set php

Modify the File:/etc/php5/apache2/php. ini

Find the following value and change it to the value you need.

Memory_limit
Post_max_size
Upload_max_filesize

Disable the following functions: Off

Enable_dl
Display_errors

7. Apache optimization and settings:
Modify the/etc/apache2/apache2.conf file

Timeout 300

Change

Timeout 60

KeepAliveTimeout 15

Change

KeepAliveTimeout 5

StartServers 5
MinSpareServers 5
MaxSpareServers 10
MaxClients 150
MaxRequestsPerChild 0

Change

StartServers 3
MinSpareServers 5
MaxSpareServers 10
MaxClients 50
MaxRequestsPerChild 2000

Find AddType application/x-gzip. gz. tgz and add the following content under it:

AddType application/x-httpd-php. php
AddType application/x-httpd-php-source. phps

Save and quit, and restart apache

/Etc/init. d/apache2 reload

/Etc/init. d/apache2 restart

Activate the deflate module (used for page compression) and enter the following on the SSH interface:

A2enmod deflate

Let the apache2 process load the new configuration module

/Etc/init. d/apache2 force-reload

Modify the/etc/apache2/apache2.conf file and add

Add the following content after the file:

DeflateCompressionLevel 6
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/html text/plain text/xmlapplication/x-httpd-php
AddOutputFilter DEFLATE css js

Activate mod rewrite (for pseudo-static connection addresses) and enter the following on the SSH interface:

A2enmod rewrite

Let the apache2 process load the new configuration module

/Etc/init. d/apache2 force-reload

Modify the/etc/apache2/apache2.conf file and add the following content at the end:

RewriteEngine> some people set this on the Internet, but many times the website is too much to control, and I have not added this last segment in apache2.conf.

Reload apache

/Etc/init. d/apache2 reload

Or restart apache.

/Etc/init. d/apache2 restart

8. set multiple domain names under Debian Apache5:

Set/etc/apache2/sites-available/default, change ServerAdmin to your own mailbox, and add a section before, as your space Root Directory domain name:

ServerName xxx.com

Change the/var/www/directory to/home/www/

Enter:

Chmod 755-R/home/www // Set the website root directory permission

Ls-lh // view the folder owner

Cd/home/www/

Chown-R www-data: www-data/home/www/

Save and exit default.

Create a new folder "1" in/home/www/and create a new file in the current directory "/sites-available/". suppose the file name is 1, open file 1, and enter the following content:

ServerName xxx.com // enter the domain name here

ServerAdmin

DocumentRoot "/home/www/1/" // Website Directory

// After this section is added, you can directly support. htaccess

Options FollowSymLinks

AllowOverride All

ErrorLog "/var/log/apache2/1-error.log"

CustomLog "/var/log/apache2/1-access.log" common

Save the file and enter:

A2ensite 1

At this time, the configured website domain name has been bound, and there will be a 1 shortcut in the/etc/apache2/sites-enabled/folder. After restarting Apache, you can operate the website:

/Etc/init. d/apache2 restart

Now you can use your browser to log on to your domain name ~

It is really a little difficult to separate settings, but the benefits are still great. for example, if I want to maintain website 1 separately, just enter the following command:

A2dissite silent

Restart it again.

/Etc/init. d/apache2 restart

Other websites will still operate normally and will not be affected ~

9. install phpmyadmin:

Because debian's php version is 5.2, you can use phpmyadmin3.1, which saves a lot of trouble. you can directly perform the following operations without installing apt-get:

Cd/usr/local/src
Wgethttp: // ncu.dl.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/phpmyadmin/phpMyAdmin-3.2.0-all-languages.tar.gz
Tar zxvf phpMyAdmin-3.2.0-all-languages.tar.gz
Cp-rf phpMyAdmin-3.2.0-all-languages/home/www/phpmyadmin

10. installSendmail:

Many people say that sendmail is not good, but I don't want an email server, but I only need support for sending emails. sendmail is enough for me ~

Apt-get install sendmail

11. install Zend Optimizer

Cd/usr/local/src
Wgethttp: // downloads.zend.com/optimizer/3.3.3/ZendOptimizer-3.3.3-linux-glibc23-i386.tar.gz
Tar xzvf ZendOptimizer-3.3.3-linux-glibc23-i386.tar.gz
./ZendOptimizer-3.3.3-linux-glibc23-i386/install. sh

Follow the prompts to proceed step by step.

In a word. If your server environment does not require ZendOptimizer, you will not install it if you are unconcerned. Avoid conflicts with eaccelerator.

# Server

Install Apache Mysql PHP

Before installation, make sure that your version is up to date. Run the following command: ("#" indicates that you should run the command as a root user ).

# Aptitude update & aptitude upgrade

Run the following command to install mysql:

# Aptitude install mysql-server mysql-client

After installing the mysql server, you should change the root password. * This step is invalid for debianLenny, because during installation, you will be asked to enter the password of the mysql root user.

#/Usr/bin/mysqladmin-u root password 'enter-your-good-new-password-here'

To ensure security, you should not use the root account to run the database, but create an account to connect to your mysql database from a PHP script.

# Aptitude install apache2 apache2-doc
# Aptitude install php5 php5-mysql libapache2-mod-php5
Configure Apache Mysql PHP

Apache2 configuration file:/etc/apache2/apache2.conf

You can edit this configuration file as needed.

Test PHP

To test the php interface, edit the file/var/www/apache2-default/test. php:

# Nano/var/www/apache2-default/test. php

Insert the following


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