Fedora 12 13 14 Basic Environment Configuration

Source: Internet
Author: User
Tags cairo rhythmbox

Assuming that fedora 12/13/14 has been installed and can be connected to the network, the following steps can be taken to configure the basic office and programming environment:

1. Configure sudo file;

First, open the terminal to obtain the root environment:Su-And enter the root account password.

Then:MongodoIn the blank row under the line root all = (all) All, press the "A" key to enter the insert status, insert a row similar to the above line, only change root to the user name to be added to the sudo group, as shown in my:


Then, press the "ESC" key, then press the ":" key, that is, the colon key, and then enter"WQWrite and qiut. After completion, execute"ExitRun the following command to exit the root environment:Sudo whoamiAfter the password is entered, if the effect is "root", the configuration is successful, and then the sudo command can be applied instead of the root environment every time.

2. Install the fastest image plug-in;

Connect to the network and run the following command on the terminal:Sudo Yum install Yum-fastestmirrorThis command will install a plug-in that can automatically select the fastest image for download.

3. Right-click the enhancement button;

Terminal:Sudo Yum install Nautilus-open-TerminalAfter you enter the password and install it, right-click a folder after you restart the computer and choose "open in terminal", which is sometimes convenient.

4. Update the system;

This should be said to be necessary, because in this way we can get support from the open source community and RedHat, and get the latest kernel. We do not recommend that you use the "System"> "management"> "Software Update" function in the graphic interface to update the system, some unexpected errors, such as "Kernel errors", may fail to be updated due to lack of environment ". Therefore, it is recommended to update on the terminal:Sudo Yum update:

After the system is updated, restart the computer immediately. Then, the system will log on with the new kernel. After logging on, execute:Sudo updatedbCommand, which updates the system database file. Sometimes this command is very effective because the system automatically updates the database file once a week, and sometimes we operate very frequently, all Manual updates have many advantages!

5. Adjust the file browser browsing mode(Fedora 13 and 14 do not need to do this, the default is the browsing mode );

If you open the file browser to browse the file, you will find it unaccustomed. Many windows will be opened and cannot be refreshed. Adjust the browsing mode as appropriate. On the upper panel, choose system> preference> file management, switch to the action tab, and select always open in the browser window ".

6. Install the basic compiling environment;

Many software in Linux need to be compiled and installed by themselves during installation. Therefore, the compiling environment is required. In Linux, GCC and C ++ are mainly used for compiling gcc-C ++, java compilation includes gcc-Java and so on. GCC now supports many programming languages, not to mention. Install supporting software such as GCC, GCC-C ++, and automake.

Terminal:Sudo Yum install GCC gcc-C ++ * aclocaL. ensure the integrity of the command. For example, the wildcard character "*" before aclocal must not be lost.

7. Install the display card driver;

This step is very important. It directly determines whether a Very dazzling 3D effect can be enabled. For details, see fedora 12 13 video card driver installation.

8. Install the rpmfusion source (because fedora 12, 13, and 14 must be taken into account, the path has been changed here ).

The rpmfusion source should be said to be a conventional necessity in fedora, so that many practical software can be installed.

Run the following command on the terminal:

Sudo rpm-uvh http://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/fedora/rpmfusion-free-release-stable.noarch.rpm

Sudo rpm-uvh http://download1.rpmfusion.org/nonfree/fedora/rpmfusion-nonfree-release-stable.noarch.rpm

9. install Adobe source and flash plug-ins;

Terminal:Sudo rpm-IVH http://linuxdownload.adobe.com/linux/i386/adobe-release-i386-1.0-1.noarch.rpmAnd then import the public key:Sudo rpm -- import/etc/pki/rpm-GPG-key-Adobe-Linux.

Install the flash plug-in:Sudo Yum install flash-plugin.

10. Configure the audio and video environment;

The rhythmbox for songs and the totem film player for movies are provided by fedora 12. I personally think these two software are very good in their respective functions. However, rhythmbox needs to play mp3 songs, Totem needs to play movies, and plug-ins. In fact, when you want to play videos online, they will all search for the required plug-ins, you just need to install it. Here, we also install mplayer, a video playing software, which is also a powerful player. smplayer is a front-end. Terminal:Sudo Yum install mplayer smplayer.

11. Install the penguin input method;

The little penguin input method is a famous force in the Linux team. It is comparable to Windows's million input methods. It combines up to a dozen input methods, whether it's a pinyin player or a five-character hacker, or the two are mixed, I think it will make people satisfied. For more information about the installation, see space-related subsequent articles.

Fedora 13 and Fedora 14 can be directly installed from the source:
Sudo Yum install fcitxRestart the computer and select fcitx in "system"> "Preferences"> "Input Method Settings.

12. install an independent Adobe Flash Player 10 player;

First download the player: http://www.adobe.com/support/flashplayer/downloads.html, select download the Linux debugger and standalone players ". Right-click the downloaded package and obtain the folder. Go to the "/flash_player_10_linux_dev/standalone/Debugger" directory and decompress the unzip flashplayer.tar.gz package. Copy the Flash Player file to the/usr/bin directory. Finally, point to a file in "SWF" format-> right-click the menu and choose "properties" directory-> click the "open mode" tab-> click "add"-> click "open" use the custom command-> click the Browse button-> Find the flashplayer file in the/usr/bin directory-> click the open button-> click Add" button:

13. Install stardict;

In Linux, Google kingsan is the stardict, which is called stardict.
Terminal:Sudo Yum install stardict. After the installation is complete, click the "application" menu → select "attachment" → select "interstellar translation King" to start.

Add a dictionary file (Add and download a dictionaryNo dictionary detected by stardict | Practical Dictionary download):

Step 1: Start the interstellar translation king-> click the small house icon on the left-side Navigation Pane-> select "dictionary management" in the pop-up menu ".

Step 2: click "Network Dictionary"> "add ".

Step 3: select the expected dictionary from the left-side "dictionary name"> click "information.

Step 4: click "Download Now !" Click-> the system automatically starts the Firefox browser and downloads it. Click "information.

Step 5: extract the downloaded dictionary file and move the dictionary file to the "/usr/share/stardict/dic" folder.

Last step: restart the interstellar translation king-> click the small house icon on the left-side Navigation Pane-> select "dictionary management" in the pop-up menu-> click "dictionary management"-> select the dictionary you just installed-> click "close.

14. Programming ide tools;

Of course, there are many ide tools in Linux, and many of them are famous, such as anjuta, eclips, and kdevelop. However, I personally think that it is more appropriate to use C/C ++ with codeblocks, because it is more like Visual C ++ and can quickly enter the status. Codeblocks calls the xterm installed below by default. This terminal is not easy to understand and can be configured to make it call the system's own terminal. For details, see "Let code: blocks call the system's own terminal".

Terminal:Sudo Yum install codeblocks xterm.

In addition, if you want to learn QT, you can install the qt ide (It is best to download the latest qt sdk from Nokia for installation. SeePath settings after qt sdk installation) on the terminal:Sudo Yum install QT-creator QT-devel. Qt cross-platform can be applied across embedded fields, so it is worth learning and has a broad prospect.

15. vim and Emacs editors;

Anyone familiar with Linux knows the VI editor. Vim is a more powerful VI editor, and Emacs does the same. A considerable number of cool people do not use ide. They directly use vim or Emacs for editing, use GCC for compilation, and use GDB for debugging.

Terminal:Sudo Yum install Vim * Emacs. (Wildcards are available after Vim)

16. Image Processing Software gimp;

It can also be said that people familiar with Linux do not know gimp. It is an image processing software as powerful as PhotoShop. Some people say that the production of Hollywood DreamWorks uses gimp. Of course, it is true or false, at least it is good.

:Sudo Yum install gimp.

17. Office Automation;

If you are used to Windows Office, it doesn't matter. Linux has yongzhong Integrated Office, which is similar to Microsoft Office. It is a very good office software in China and supports Chinese production! First download the latest personal version from the yongzhong official website. Download this document (of course, it is a Linux version ). After the installation, place the compressed package file in the/tmp directory, open the terminal, and execute the following commands in sequence:

Su-(Get root permission)

CD/tmp(Switch to the/tmp directory)

Tar-zxvf EIO * .tar.gz(Decompress the package)

Cd eio *(Switch to the eioffice folder)

Chmod + X./setup(Grant all users the permissions to execute eioffice. The concept of permissions is very important in Linux)

./Setup(Execute the setup program to start installation)

If everything goes well, you will see the following installation interface:

It should be noted that, execute ". this interface may not appear after/setup, because of the impact of 3D effects. If this problem exists, you can exit the fusion-Icon software (that is, a green cube on the upper right panel )(For the latest solution, goFedora compiz 3D environment to start yongzhong Office):

Of course, if you follow the steps shown in this article, you have not installed the software yet. In addition, the "standard" is enabled for the built-in desktop effect, as follows:

Finally, execute"Exit"Exit the root environment.

The above is a very good installation of yongzhong office. The following describes how to install OpenOffice. OpenOffice comes from the free world. For Chinese users, it is not perfect because of poor Chinese support. Of course, it is not satisfactory! It includes a complete suite:

If you want to install the tool on the terminal:Sudo Yum install OpenOffice *. Here, we only recommend that you install document processing, workbooks, presentations, and Chinese language packs:

Sudo Yum install OpenOffice.org-Cale OpenOffice.org-Impress OpenOffice.org-writer OpenOffice.org-effectfilter OpenOffice.org-langpack-zh_CN.

18. adobereader;

Adobe official website has the Linux version of adobereader, ". It is a little slow for adobereader to open a PDF file. I never use it in windows. Foxit is usually used. Foxit for Linux already exists. Choose portal>. However, the Linux version of Foxit is not very powerful. Currently, I am using Foxit in wine windows. You can see my English system wine Chinese EXE file.

19. Anti-virus software;

I may write anti-virus software here. Many people may be puzzled: Is it also a virus in Linux? In fact, there is a virus in some applications, but Linux is more secure than Windows. Of course, at present, it is much safer. However, it is better to install software than to install software.

Avast! It is a famous software killer. on its official website, you can directly install the. RPM file of the corresponding Linux platform. You also need to register an account in your daily mailbox. Avast will send the software registration code to your mailbox.

20. Wine;

Wine is a means of running Windows software in Linux. Terminal:Sudo Yum install wine *. The configuration is complicated, so I can't say much about it now.

21. Enable 3D effects;

To enable 3D effects in the gnome desktop environment, you 'd better install a software named fusion-Icon instead of selecting the built-in "desktop effects" function. Compiz fusion requires direct rendering technology to work properly. Check whether you have installed direct rendering and enter the following command:Glxinfo | grep direct. If you see direct rendering: Yes, you can continue to install compiz.


Yum install ccsm emerald-themes compizconfig-backend-gconf

Yum install fusion-icon-GTK emerald compiz-fusion-gnome libcompizconfig compiz-gnome

Yum install compiz-bcop compiz compizconfig-Python compiz-fusion-extras

Yum install compiz-fusion-extras-gnome

Due to traffic restrictions, many of them will be repeated after several steps, and the package manager will intelligently process them. After the installation is complete, download the following pdf file: <3 D effect start guide>.

22. Other software;

Unrar:Sudo Yum install unrar

CHM File reader:Sudo Yum install gnochm

Pidgin instant messaging tool:Sudo Yum install pidgin

Character interface Browser:Sudo Yum install lynx

Character interface Chinese Input Method:Sudo Yum install zhcon

Flash Player:Sudo Yum isntall gnash

Cairo-dock:Sudo Yum install Cairo *

Spam cleaning:Sudo Yum install bleachbit

Create a Linux boot disk:Sudo Yum install unetbootin

Panel program entry list management:Sudo Yum install alacarte

23. System subject.

You can download GNOME desktop themes from the following website, including icons, mouse, windows, and other themes:


Now, the fedora system should be ready for use, good luck!

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