Gcov unit test coverage rate

Source: Internet
Author: User
Tags gcov

The unit test coverage rate means that each line of code should be covered by unit tests. Therefore, it is necessary to write a unit test for each method. In addition, if there are many if statement branches in this method, it should also be covered in unit test.

In the world of C, we can use the gcov tool to calculate the coverage rate. It moves every unit test and then counts the execution of each line of code. gcov was originally used to test the coverage rate of the Linux kernel, is a command line tool. Lcov can be used, which adds GUI support based on gcov.

1 install lcov

# Wgethttp: // downloads.sourceforge.net/ltp/lcov-1.9.tar.gz

# Tar-zxvf lcov-1.9.tar.gz

# Cd lcov-1.9

# Make install

2. Run an example step by step.

The code for test. C is as follows:

# Include <stdio. h>

# Include <stdlib. h>

Int main (INT argc, char * argv []) {

Int I = 0;

Printf ("begin test... \ n ");

If (1 = argc ){

Printf ("argc = 1 \ n ");

} Else {

Printf ("argc! = 1 \ n ");

For (I = 0; I <argc; I ++)

Printf ("% d \ TOF \ t % d \ n", I + 1, argc );


Printf ("End test! \ N ");


Step 1: add-Fprofile-arcs-ftest-coverage

GCC test. c-Fprofile-arcs-ftest-coverage-O test

Step 2: run the test case:

[Hua @ Zhanghua test] $./Test 1 2 3 4

Begin test...

Argc! = 1

1 of 5

2 of 5

3 of 5

4 of 5

5 of 5

End test!

Step 3: statistical data has been generated in the previous step, but it is not easy to see.LcovCollect statistical data for graphical display.

Lcov -- capture -- directory.-- Output-file test.info-- Test-name Test

Lcov-zerocounters (calculator cleared)

Step 4: generateHtmlWebpage:

GenhtmlTest.info-- Output-directory output -- title "asimple test" -- show-details -- legend

3. Examples of lcov running

The built-in example is located in the $ lcov/example directory, as follows:

[Hua @ Zhanghua example] $ ll/bak/Xue/unittest/lcov-1.9/example/

Total 28

-RW ------- 1 Hua 316 Aug 6 2010 descriptions.txt

-RW ------- 1 Hua 1439 Aug 6 2010 example. c

-RW ------- 1 Hua 108 Aug 6 2010 gauss. h

-RW ------- 1 Hua 118 Aug 6 2010 iterate. h

-RW ------- 1 Hua 2482 Aug 6 2010 makefile

Drwx ------ 2 Hua 4096 Aug 6 2010 Methods

-RW ------- 1 Hua 156 Aug 6 2010 readme

To view the README file, run the following command:

Make output

4And MakefileIntegration

To be added in the compilation stage2Compilation options, as shown below

L add-fprofile-arcs-ftest-coverage or -- coverage during compilation;

L add-ftest-coverage or-lgcov when linking;

L we recommend that you enable the-G3 option and remove the-O2 or above-level code optimization options;

Note that the use of the preceding options cannot affect the normal compilation process. Otherwise, the program running efficiency will be greatly affected. We recommend that you use the makefile parameter or the scons compilation parameter to compile,

Ifeq ($ (coverage), yes)

Cxxflags + =-fprofile-arcs-ftest-coverage

Linkercxx + =-fprofile-arcs-ftest-coverage

Opt_flags =-G


In this way, you can use makecoverage = Yes
Check to introduce these compilation options without affecting normal compilation.

if ENABLE_COVcov-reset:    @rm -fr coverage    @find . -name "*.gcda" -exec rm {} \;    @lcov --directory . --zerocounterscov-report:    @mkdir -p coverage    @lcov --compat-libtool --directory . --capture --output-file coverage/app.info      @genhtml -o coverage/ coverage/app.info cov:    @make cov-reportclean-local:    @make cov-reset check:    @make covendif    

(The makefile can be added to cflags and ldflags.) If undefinedreference is displayed during connection
To '_ gcov_init' error, add-lgocv. After compilation, run the compiled program and exit the program.

An example of glib integration with gcov:

Http://code.google.com/p/google-highly-open-participation-gnome/issues/detail? Id = 37

5 write unit tests with googletest

Googletest (gtest)

  • Googletesthttp: // code.google.com/p/googletest/

Google open-source C ++ unit testing framework googletest series (gtest) (total)


Contact Us

The content source of this page is from Internet, which doesn't represent Alibaba Cloud's opinion; products and services mentioned on that page don't have any relationship with Alibaba Cloud. If the content of the page makes you feel confusing, please write us an email, we will handle the problem within 5 days after receiving your email.

If you find any instances of plagiarism from the community, please send an email to: info-contact@alibabacloud.com and provide relevant evidence. A staff member will contact you within 5 working days.

A Free Trial That Lets You Build Big!

Start building with 50+ products and up to 12 months usage for Elastic Compute Service

  • Sales Support

    1 on 1 presale consultation

  • After-Sales Support

    24/7 Technical Support 6 Free Tickets per Quarter Faster Response

  • Alibaba Cloud offers highly flexible support services tailored to meet your exact needs.