Ubuntu 5.10 (breezy badger) Guide

Source: Internet
Author: User
Tags mozilla thunderbird adobe acrobat reader gparted

Ubuntu 5.10 (breezy badger) Guide
  • Install
  • Attach and detach media devices
  • Create and play an ISO Device
  • Create and check MD5 verification Codes
  • Configure SSH for CUCs and remote desktop for office computers
  • Related Links
  1. Install Ubuntu
  2. Set Home Directory
  3. Update and upgrade Ubuntu
  4. Install the NVIDIA driver
  5. Enable 5-Key mouse
  6. Enable DMA
  7. Sound device repair
  8. Customize personalized configurations and Fonts
  9. Add additional software libraries
  10. Installation:
    • Partition tool-gparted
    • Email client-Thunderbird
    • Version Control-CVS
    • Latex
    • Font
    • Java-Sun Java
    • Editor-jedit, gvim
    • PDF viewing software-Adobe Acrobat Reader
    • Flash Player
    • Multimedia file Decoder
    • Media Player-Totem-xine, gxine, mplayer, VLC
    • MIDI player-timidity
    • CD recording software-gnome Baker
    • CD Extraction Tool-sound Juicer
    • Game-scummvm
    • Development Tools
Set Home Directory
  1. sudo mkdir /mnt/newdrivesudo mount -t ext3 /dev/hdb1 /mnt/newdrive/sudo mkdir /mnt/newdrive/home.newsudo cp -R -p /home/[user] /mnt/newdrive/home.new/sudo chown [user]:[user] /mnt/newdrive/home.new/[user]sudo umount /mnt/newdrive/
  2. At the same time, press [CTRL] + [alt] + [F1] And then log on.
    sudo pico /etc/fstab

    Add the following lines after the primary partition and swap partition entries:

    /dev/hdb1 /home ext3 defaults,errors=remount-ro 0 1

    Press [CTRL] + [O] To save the file. Press [CTRL] + [x] to exit the pico program.

    sudo mv /home /home.oldsudo mkdir /homesudo mount -a
Update and upgrade Ubuntu
  1. sudo apt-get updatesudo apt-get upgrade
Install the NVIDIA driver
  1. sudo apt-get install nvidia-glx nvidia-settingssudo cp /etc/X11/xorg.conf /etc/X11/xorg.conf.nvidia-driver.backupsudo nvidia-glx-config enable
  2. sudo gedit /usr/share/applications/NVIDIA-Settings.desktop

    Add the following lines to the file:

    [Desktop Entry]Name=NVIDIA SettingsComment=NVIDIA SettingsExec=nvidia-settingsIcon=Terminal=falseType=ApplicationCategories=Application;System;
  3. The following settings are used to disable the NVIDIA startup window.
    sudo gedit /etc/X11/xorg.conf

    Edit the Xorg. conf file and find the following items:

    ...Section "Device" Identifier "NVIDIA Corporation NV11 [GeForce2 MX/MX 400]" Driver  "nvidia" BusID  "PCI:1:0:0"...

    Add the following line below:

     Option  "NoLogo"
  4. Press [CTRL] + [alt] + [backspace] to restart the gnome window management system.
Enable 5-Key mouse
  1. sudo cp /etc/X11/xorg.conf /etc/X11/xorg.conf.5-button-mouse.backup
  2. sudo gedit /etc/X11/xorg.conf

    Replace the following items:

    Section "InputDevice"Identifier "mouse.usb"Driver "mouse"Option "CorePointer"Option "Device" "/dev/input/mice"Option "Protocol" "IMPS/2"Option "Emulate3Buttons" "YES"Option "ZAxisMapping" "4 5"EndSection


    Section "InputDevice"Identifier "mouse.usb"Driver "mouse"Option "CorePointer"Option "Device" "/dev/input/mice"Option "Protocol" "ExplorerPS/2"Option "Buttons" "7"Option "ZAxisMapping" "4 5"EndSection
Enable DMA

(Reference http://ubuntuguide.org/#speedupcddvdrom .)

  1. sudo hdparm -d1 /dev/cdromsudo cp /etc/hdparm.conf /etc/hdparm.conf_backupsudo gedit /etc/hdparm.conf
  2. Add the following line/etc/hdparm. conf
    /dev/cdrom {       dma = on}
  3. Repeat the preceding steps to set/dev/cdrom1
Sound System Repair

(Reference http://ubuntuguide.org/#configuresoundproperly .)

Customize personalized configurations and Fonts
  1. gnome-theme-manager

    Click "theme details" and set "set controls = glider, window border = mist, icons = gnome ".

  2. gnome-font-properties

    Set "APP = sans 8, desktop = sans 8, window title = sans 8, terminal = freemono 10 ".

Always use the browser in Nautilus
  1. gconf-editor

    Select "apps/Nautilus/Preferences" and select "always use Browser ".

Add additional software libraries
  1. sudo cp /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list.backup
  2. sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list

    Add the following line (Note: Because the settings in China are different, please refer to the configuration published on ubuntu.com.cn ):

    # deb cdrom:[Ubuntu 5.10 _Breezy Badger_ - Release i386 (20051012)]/ breezy main restricted# Example sources.list for Ubuntu 5.10 "The Breezy Badger" release## All officially supported packages, including security- and other updatesdeb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy main restricteddeb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy main restricteddeb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy-security main restricteddeb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy-security main restricteddeb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy-updates main restricteddeb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy-updates main restricted## All community supported packages, including security- and other updatesdeb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy universe multiversedeb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy universe multiversedeb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy-security universe multiversedeb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy-security universe multiversedeb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy-updates universe multiversedeb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy-updates universe multiverse## libdvdcss2, w32codecs# deb ftp://ftp.nerim.net/debian-marillat/ etch main# deb http://ubuntu-backports.mirrormax.net/ breezy-extras-staging main restricted universe multiverse## jedit# deb http://dl.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/jedit ./# deb-src http://dl.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/jedit ./## hoary-extras - the most widely used source for packages not includded in Ubuntu## no guarantees on working - not enabled by default# deb http://public.planetmirror.com/pub/ubuntu-backports/ hoary-extras main universe multiverse restricted
  3. sudo apt-get update
Installation font (Microsoft Font)
  1. sudo apt-get install msttcorefonts
Install a multimedia file Decoder

(See http://ubuntuguide.org/#codecs .)

  1. Add additional software libraries.
  2. sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list

    Add the following lines at the end:

    deb ftp://ftp.nerim.net/debian-marillat/ etch main

    Save the file.

    sudo apt-get updatesudo apt-get install w32codecssudo apt-get install libdvdcss2
    sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list

    Cancel the annotator before the following line:

    deb ftp://ftp.nerim.net/debian-marillat/ etch main

    Save the file.

    sudo apt-get update
  3. If the above steps do not work, you need to manually install w32codecs and decss2 package: Download The w32codecs_20050412-0.0_i386.deb from the Internet to the home directory.
    cd ~/sudo dpkg -i w32codecs_*.debsudo /usr/share/doc/libdvdread3/examples/install-css.sh
  4. sudo apt-get install libmad0 libdvdread3
  5. sudo apt-get install lame sox ffmpeg mjpegtools vorbis-tools
  6. sudo apt-get install gstreamer0.8-misc gstreamer0.8-plugins gstreamer0.8-plugins-multiverse gstreamer0.8-ffmpeg gst-register-0.8
Install the Media Player (totem-xine, gxine, mplayer, VLC)
  1. Totem-xine (See Instructions for post-installation setup ):

    sudo apt-get install totem-xine gedit ~/.xine/config

    Modify the following line:

  2. Gxine (See Instructions for post-installation setup ):
    sudo apt-get install gxinegedit ~/.gxine/config

    Modify the following line:

  3. Mplayer:
    sudo apt-get install mplayer-386 mozilla-mplayersudo cp /etc/mplayer/mplayer.conf /etc/mplayer/mplayer.conf_backupsudo gedit /etc/mplayer/mplayer.conf




  4. VLC:
    sudo apt-get install vlc
Set xine/gxine
  1. xine-check
  2. Perform the following steps to fix the WMV playback problem (if this problem occurs ):
    cp ~/.xine/catalog.cache ~/.xine/catalog.cache.backupgedit ~/.xine/catalog.cache

    Find the following section:

    [/usr/lib/xine/plugins/1.0.0/xineplug_decode_w32dll.so]size=173768mtime=1112804124type=131api=15id=win32aversion=10000supported_types=50593792 52428800 52822016 ... (long line truncated)decoder_priority=1

    Replace with one row:



  3. Specify gxine as the default Media Player (not recommended because totem-xine is better ):
    sudo cp /usr/share/applications/defaults.list /usr/share/applications/defaults.list_backupsudo sed -e 's/totem.desktop/gxine.desktop/g' /usr/share/applications/defaults.list_backup > /tmp/defaults.listsudo mv /tmp/defaults.list /usr/share/applications/defaults.listkillall gnome-panelkillall nautilus
  4. Specify gxine as the default DVD player (not recommended because totem-xine is better ):
    gconftool-2 --type string --set /desktop/gnome/volume_manager/autoplay_dvd_command "gxine dvd://"
  5. Install the gxine plug-in for Firefox (not recommended because totem-xine is better ):
    sudo ln -fs /usr/lib/gxine/gxineplugin.a /usr/lib/mozilla-firefox/plugins/sudo ln -fs /usr/lib/gxine/gxineplugin.la /usr/lib/mozilla-firefox/plugins/sudo ln -fs /usr/lib/gxine/gxineplugin.so /usr/lib/mozilla-firefox/plugins/
Install the Midi player (timidity)
  1. sudo apt-get install timidity timidity-interfaces-extra freepats
  1. Start with GTK:

    timidity -ig 
Install the partition tool (gparted)
  1. sudo apt-get install gparted
Install the e-mail client (Mozilla Thunderbird)
  1. sudo apt-get install mozilla-thunderbird
Install the menu editing program (smeg)
  1. sudo apt-get install smeg
Install CD recorder (gnomebaker)
  1. sudo apt-get install gnomebaker
Install PDF read)
  1. sudo apt-get install acroread mozilla-acroread
  2. sudo gedit /usr/share/applications/defaults.list




Install Flash Player
  1. sudo apt-get install flashplayer-mozilla
  1. Ext3 format partition:

    sudo mount /dev/hdb1 [mount_point_dir] -t ext3 
  2. NTFS format partition:
    sudo mount /dev/hda1 [mount_point_dir] -t ntfs -o nls=utf8,umask=0222
  3. Partitions in FAT32 format:
    sudo mount /dev/hda1 [mount_point_dir] -t vfat -o iocharset=utf8,umask=000
  4. CD/DVD:
    sudo mount /media/cdrom0/ -o unhide
  5. ISO:
    sudo modprobe loopsudo mount file.iso /media/iso/ -t iso9660 -o loop -r
  1. sudo umount [mount_point_dir]
  2. Force uninstall (if the first step fails ):
    sudo umount [mount_point_dir] -l
Create an ISO Image File
  1. Create from CD/DVD (Replace [device] in the following line with DVD, CDROM, or cdrom1 ):

    dd if=/dev/[device] of=file.iso bs=1024
  2. Create from the specified directory:
    mkisofs -o file.iso [dir]
Playing ISO
  1. Install, configure, and run gxine.
  2. Select "file/preferences.../Media (Tab)/DVD (Tab )".
  3. Change the DVD location to "/.../file. ISO ".
MD5 Verification
  1. Create an MD5 verification code:

    md5sum file.iso > file.iso.md5
  2. Verify the MD5 verification code:
    md5sum -c file.iso.md5
Install Latex
  1. sudo apt-get install tetex-base tetex-bin tetex-extra
Install development tools
  1. Basic compilers and tools:

    sudo apt-get install build-essentialsudo apt-get install manpages-dev autoconf automake libtoolsudo apt-get install flex bison gcc-doc g++
  2. OpenGL and SDL development:
    sudo apt-get install libxxf86vm-dev nvidia-glx-dev sudo apt-get install libsdl1.2-dev libsdl-ttf2.0-dev libsdl-image1.2-dev libsdl-mixer1.2-devsudo apt-get install libsdl-sound1.2-dev libsdl-net1.2-dev
  3. Compile the mplayer environment:
    sudo apt-get install x-window-system-dev libgtk1.2-dev libpng-dev libxxf86vm-dev 
Install the CVS version control software
  1. sudo apt-get install cvs
Install gvim
  1. sudo apt-get install vim-gnome
  2. gedit ~/.vimrc

    Add the following line:

    set rulerset showcmdset incsearchset history=500set expandtabset tabstop=4set autoindentset shiftwidth=4colorscheme desertif has("vms")  set nobackupelse  set backupendifif &t_Co > 2 || has("gui_running")  syntax on  set hlsearchendif
  3. sudo gedit /usr/share/applications/gvim.desktop

    Add the following line:

    [Desktop Entry]Encoding=UTF-8Name=gvimComment=Edit text filesExec=gvim --remote-silent %UTryExec=gvimTerminal=falseType=ApplicationStartupNotify=falseMimeType=text/plain;Icon=text-editorCategories=GNOME;Application;Utility;TextEditor;

    Save the file.

  4. Specify gvim as the default file editor (optional ).
    sudo gedit /usr/share/applications/defaults.list

    Replace this row:



Install the Java environment (Sun Java)

(Reference https://wiki.ubuntu.com/JavaPackageBuildNewVersions .)

  1. sudo apt-get install java-package java-commonsudo apt-get install build-essential
  2. Download JRE Linux self-extracting file (jre-1_5_0_06-linux-i586.bin, non-RPM file) from http://java.sun.com ).
    sudo apt-get install fakerootfakeroot make-jpkg jre-1_5_0_06-linux-i586.binsudo dpkg -i sun-j2re1.5_1.5.0+update06_i386.deb
  3. sudo update-alternatives --config java

    Select the Sun Java option.

Install the Editor (jedit)
  1. Install Java.
  2. sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list

    Add the following lines:

    deb http://dl.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/jedit ./deb-src http://dl.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/jedit ./

    Save the file.

  3. sudo apt-get updatesudo apt-get install jedit
  4. sudo gedit /usr/bin/jedit


    ... ${JEDIT} -jar "/usr/share/jedit/jedit.jar" $@


    ... ${JEDIT} -jar "/usr/share/jedit/jedit.jar" -reuseview $@
Install the game (scummvm)
  1. sudo apt-get install scummvmsudo apt-get install beneath-a-steel-sky flight-of-the-amazon-queen
Configure SSH for Cornell CS

(See http://www.cs.cornell.edu/support .)

  1. pico ~/.ssh/config

    Add the following line:

    host herakleshostname herakles.cs.cornell.eduuser djmForwardAgent yesLocalForward 2001 lion.cs.cornell.edu:22IdentityFile ~/.ssh/herakles/id_dsahost lionhostname localhostuser djmForwardX11 yesport 2001LocalForward 2002 smtp.cs.cornell.edu:25LocalForward 2003 popsrv.cs.cornell.edu:110LocalForward 2004 blather.cs.cornell.edu:515LocalForward 2005 falcon.cs.cornell.edu:139LocalForward 2006 cucsfs1.cs.cornell.edu:139LocalForward 2007 [office_computer_name].u.cs.cornell.edu:3389IdentityFile ~/.ssh/id_dsa
Configure Remote Desktop for the office computer
  1. Configure SSH for CCS, and then confirm that localhost: 2007 is redirected to [office_computer_name] .u.cs.cornell.edu: 3389.
  2. ssh -N -f heraklesssh -N -f lion
  3. rdesktop -r disk:sync=/home/[local_dir] localhost:2007

    Note Disk: Set sync to an absolute path.

Access cucsfs1

(See http://www.cs.cornell.edu/support/Linux/smbmount.htm .)

  1. Configure SSH for CCS.
  2. ssh -N -f heraklesssh -N -f -L2006:cucsfs1.cs.cornell.edu:139 lion
  3. smbclient //cucsfs1.cs.cornell.edu/a -U [user_name] -W CUCS -I localhost -p 2006


    smbmount //localhost/a [local_dir] -o port=2006,username=[user_name],workgroup=CUCSsmbumount [local_dir]
Recursively Delete objects
  1. For example, to delete all *. Atom file under the [dir] directory:

    cd [dir]find . -name "*.afm" -exec rm {} /;
Add/modify default applications
  1. sudo cp /usr/share/applications/defaults.list /usr/share/applications/defaults.list.backup
  2. sudo gedit /usr/share/applications/defaults.list

    Add/modify similar items:


    Find the installed software:

    ls /usr/share/applications/*.desktop

    Find the MIME type installed:

    ls /usr/share/applications/mime/[text|image|...]
  3. killall gnome-panelkillall nautilus

Most of the information in this article comes from:

  • The unofficial Ubuntu 5.04 Starter Guide
  • The Ubuntu forums
  • The Ubuntu restricted formats Wiki

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