Windows Server 2003 first session-Introduction and installation

Source: Internet
Author: User
Tags web services

Teaching content: Windows Server 2003
Hours: 18 weeks, four lessons per week
Teaching method: Multimedia teaching, on-machine experiment
Learning methods: Read more, see more, dare to do, more on the machine, more practice, make full use of the time of class and the machine
Homework: Workbook, Experiment report
Examination method: The final score accounted for 60%, peacetime results accounted for 40%.

Recommended Reference books:
1 Network system Management-windows Server 2003 training article
2) Windows 2000 Network Professional Guide
3) Windows 2000 Network Practical Guide
4) Windows Server 2003 Network Professional Guide
5) Windows Server 2003 user Management Guide
6) Windows Server 2003 Active Directory Configuration Guide
7 other Windows aspects of the book

Introduction to Windows 2000
Release Time: March 2000
Windows 2000 was originally named Windows NT 5.0, and was improved on the basis of Windows NT4.0. Windows NT4.0 is the network operating system in the LAN era, with the development of the Internet, its limitation is increasingly obvious, and it lags behind Unix and Linux in the aspects of scalability, stability and facing the Internet. At this point, Windows 2000 came into being for the next version of Windows NT4.0.

4 versions of the Windows 2000 operating system
1) Windows Professional
2) Windows Server
3) Windows Advanced Server
4) Windows Datacenter Server
Two main platforms:
1 workstation platform, mainly for clients
2 server platform, installed in a variety of servers in the enterprise


1) Windows Professional
For network clients, equivalent to Windows NT Workstation
New support for USB, IEEE1394, ATM, new addition to the "Installation Service" function, improve system stability
Supports SMP (symmetric multiprocessor) systems with up to 2 CPUs and up to 4GB of physical memory

2) Windows Server
The standard version of the server platform is the operating system for small and medium enterprise workgroup or departmental servers
Contains all the features of the Windows2000 Professional, provides a variety of network services (DHCP, DNS, WEB, FTP, routing, file and print services, and so on), provides Active Directory (AD, Active Directory), and can act as a domain

Controllers to enable more efficient organization of resources within the enterprise
Reduced number and time to reboot the system
Support for up to 4 SMP (symmetric multiprocessor) systems with CPU,4GB physical memory

3) Windows Advanced Server
is an operating system for medium to large enterprise departmental servers
Includes all features of Windows Server, and adds Cluster service capabilities
Supports 8-way SMP, provides 2-way clusters, and supports up to 8GB of physical memory


4) Windows Datacenter Server
Server platform, the most powerful
Designed for enterprise-critical business, sold only to OEM (original equipment Manufacturer) vendors and requires OEM vendors to accept stringent hardware and software certification for servers that install Windows Datacenter Server.
can support 4-way cluster, 16-way SMP, up to 64GB of physical memory

Introduction to Windows Server 2003
Windows Server 2003 is a multifunctional network operating system that is fully integrated with the Internet. Whether for large, medium and small business networks. Windows Server 2003 delivers a high-performance, efficient, highly secure, highly scalable, low-cost, manageable enterprise network solution

Four versions
1) Windows Server 2003 Web Edition
Applies to building a Web site. Provides a rapid development and build platform for Web services and applications using ASP.net technology, while also managing Web sites from remote computers using browsers, with up to 2 CPUs and 2GB of RAM.

2) Windows Server 2003 Standard Edition
Suitable for all sizes; up to 4 CPUs and 4GB of RAM

3) Windows Server 2003 Enterprise Edition
32-bit version supports up to 8 CPUs, 8-node clusters, and 32GB of memory
64-bit version to support 64GB of memory

4) Windows Server 2003 Datacenter Edition
32-bit version supports up to 32 CPUs, 8-node clusters, and 64GB of memory
64-bit version can support 64 CPUs and 512GB of memory

Network types supported by Windows
Windows supports two types of networks:
1) the Workgroup 2) domain

Types of computers in the network
1 Independent computers (workgroup mode)
2 domain controller (domain mode and Active Directory installed)
3 Member server (domain mode; No Active Directory installed, just joined to the domain)

Select File System
Windows Server 2003 supports three kinds of file systems: FAT, FAT32, NTFS
When installing Windows Server 2003, it is recommended that you use the NTFS file system because it has many features that are not available for FAT and NTFS:
1 file permission settings, you can enhance the security of the data
2 file compression, you can save disk space
3 file encryption, you can enhance the security of the data
4 disk quotas, you can control the disk use space for each user
5 Audit the use of file resources, you can track the situation of users access to files
6) Domain and Active Directory

The relationship between file system and operating system
Fat:ms-dos, all Windows-level operating systems, OS/2
Fat32:windows 95/98/me/2000/xp/2003
Ntfs:windows nt/2000/xp/2003
Note: The FAT32 file system can be converted to the NTFS file system, not vice versa;
The FAT file system has only shared-level security, and the NTFS file system also has file and folder-level security.


Select License Mode
Client Access License (CAL): The authorization required for clients that need access to Windows 2003 server.
Two modes of authorization:
1 per Server mode: Purchase licenses for each server, and the number of licenses is determined by the number of "simultaneous" connections to the server. Enables a Windows 2003 server to support a fixed number of connections.
2 per Customer mode: Purchase a license for each customer. Each computer that accesses a Windows Server 2003 server requires its own Client Access License (CAL). Using a CAL, a specific client computer can connect to any number of Windows Server 2003 servers.
Per-server mode can be converted to per-client mode, not vice versa.

Select workgroup mode or domain mode
Workgroup mode:
Domain mode:
Domain
The conditions required to add a computer to a domain:
1. During the installation process, the computer is added to the domain (requires a certain number of user accounts and passwords) to make it a member server.
2. If you create a new domain that is not possible during installation, you should install it into a workgroup mode before you can set up a new domain (install the Active Directory) to become a domain controller.


Cluster
Definition: Several computers jointly responsible for the work of the original 1 servers, providing a distributed work environment; The cluster is a single point in the external world, and the visitor's request is evenly distributed within the cluster, and the visitor does not

You don't need to know exactly which server you're accessing.
The main benefits of clustering:
(1) Load balancing: Multiple servers in lieu of a server to respond to user requests, ...
(2) Fault tolerance: Single point of failure does not affect the work of the cluster
(3) Easy to expand


Key features of the Windows 2003 product
① in the Active Directory, centrally manages objects.
② centralized management of resources and security.
③ manages web-based and FTP servers based on IIS6.0.
④ manages pop and SMTP mail servers.
⑤ manages DNS servers.
⑥ manages the file server.
⑦ manages remote servers.
⑧ manages Terminal Services.
⑨ uses the Group Policy Management Console (GPMC) to manage Group Policy.
⑩ Disaster recovery plan designation and implementation.

Preparation before installing Windows 2003
    1. Key points for building a Windows 2003 network
       ① determines how the Windows 2003 network works and how the computer is organized.
      ② The planning of disk space and the selection of system file formats. The
      ③ determines the status and identity of the installation computer on the network, as a client of a domain controller or domain. The
      ④ determines the network components that need to be installed. The
      ⑤ installs and configures individual domain controllers, feature servers, and clients on the network. The
      ⑥ configures and implements the various service subsystems in the network.
      ⑦ Plan, organize, and implement user management in the network. The
      ⑧ publishes and manages resources in the network.
      ⑨ The data protection system in the planning and Design network.
      ⑩ the selection and implementation of network security technology.


The main features of the NTFS file system
Provides an NTFS 5.0 file system.
① Good fault-tolerant performance.
The ② partition has a large capacity.
③ supports Active Directory (Active Directory).
④ High Security.
⑤ file compression function.
⑥ High reliability.

Reasons to select the NTFS file system
① only uses Windows 2003.
The ② system requires file-level security.
The ③ system requires a high level of local security.
④ Install the domain controller.
⑤ needs to be audited for files or directories.
⑥ requires compression of Windows 2003 files.
The ⑦ requires a higher partition capacity.
⑧ supports hot fixes.

FAT32 File System
The main purpose of selecting the FAT32 file format is to use both DOS (FAT), Windows FAT32, and Winsow xp/2003, as well as their supported applications.


Planning and division of hard disk space
When the installed computer is a new hard drive installation, it is recommended that you reserve more than 4GB of disk space to meet future installation requirements. The user can choose the hard disk partition scheme as follows:
① creates or alters (deletes, selects, formats) the size and format of a disk partition during installation.
② partitions using the FDISK program of the Windows 98 Startup disk.
③ either before or after installing Windows 2003, use the PartitionMagic (hard Disk Partition Wizard) to divide or change the partition.


Choose how Windows 2003 is installed
can choose through CD-ROM, DVD-ROM (CD-ROM), hard disk, network and other media to install.
1. Start the installation directly from CD-ROM using the Windows 2003 installation CD
Currently, the direct installation method using the installation CD is only suitable for installation of a small number of computers.
2. Start Setup from the hard drive's Windows Server 2003 installation directory
First, copy all the installation files on Windows 2003 to a directory on your local computer, and then install the method.
3. HDD Clone Installation (*)
When you need to install a large number of the same type of computer, you sometimes use the method of hard disk cloning.
4. Hard Disk Protection card installation (*)
① installs the hard disk protection card, the network card and the transmission medium each stage.
② plan and install all the software for a single computer.
③ set up the installed computer as the launch pad.
④ set up other computers that are not installed as receiving stations.
⑤ uses the transmitter transmission function on the launch pad to send and transmit the planned and installed system to all the receiving computers at the same time.
After the ⑥ transfer is complete, you need to modify each computer's special parameters individually.


Considerations for installing multiple boot operating systems
To try to install each system to a different partition or a different directory, to prevent the mutual coverage of key files, but also pay attention to the version of the type, generally should first install a low version, and then install the version of the high, otherwise not normal installation.

Selection of INSTALLATION commands
From the format of the installation command:
Winnt (Winnt32) [/s:sourcepath] [/i:inf-file][/t:drive–letter][/f][/b][/ox][/u:script][/r:directory]
Example: After transferring to the CD-ROM I386 directory, run the following command to begin the installation process: "Winnt32/s:f:/i386".


Conversion command-convert
(1) function
Convert converts a file allocation table (FAT) or FAT32 volume to the NTFS file system.

(2) Grammar
convert [Volume]/fs:ntfs [v] [/cvtarea:filename] [/nosecurity] [/x]

(1) parameter
①volume: Used to specify a drive letter (including a colon).
②/fs:ntfs: Cannot omit, convert volume to NTFS.
③(/v): Optional parameter, specifying verbose mode, in which all messages are displayed during conversion.
④ other (): For optional parameters, you can omit parameters.


Command Prompt dialog box, when you type the convert C:/fs:ntfs command, press the ENTER key to enter the automatic conversion process.

The


Supplemental Job
1 lists the system requirements for the four versions of Windows Server 2003 in tabular form.
2, what is a cluster. The main advantage is what.
3, compare the FAT file system with the NTFS file system.
4, install Windows Server 2003 yourself in a dual-system manner.

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