How many hops are there between and

Source: Internet
Author: User

How many hops are there between and
I. background

Recently, after reading Netease game interview experience (3)-cotyb-blog Park, I tried to tracert on windows. The result is as shown in the following figure, it seems that ( has not been reached until the last 30 hops ). However, if you ping, You can ping it. It seems a little far away that you cannot jump to after 30, so you can try the following.

Try 1: Set ttl to 29, ping, and ping

Test 2: Compare the packet capture results of ping and tracert.

Ping Package content

Tracert Package content

Ii. Preliminary conclusion

Compared with the ping and tracert packets, the ping packet contains abcdef... and other characters, while the tracert icmp packet is all 0. It is assumed that has identified the content of the icmp packet. To verify this, the following uses scapy to construct different icmp packets for verification.

Iii. Verification

1) scapy sends 64 bytes of all zero packets. wireshark packet capture shows that no response is received:

A = 64 * "\ x00"

Send (IP (dst = "")/ICMP ()/)

2) All messages sent with the content "abcdefghjklmnopq" and "abcdefghjklmnopqr" receive a response.

Send (IP (dst = "")/ICMP ()/"abcdefghjklmnopq ")

4. A small script that can output several hops from

In some complex scenarios, for example, different ping addresses are not considered. Modify this applet to read the ping output and get the IP address of each hop.

import osn=30i=1while i<n:    a=os.popen('ping -n 2 -i '+str(i)+'').read()    if "TTL=" in a:        print "success"        break    i=i+1    #print aif i<n:    print "distance is %d hops"%i        

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