In-depth analysis of PHP frameworks not unknown to developers

Source: Internet
Author: User
Tags codeigniter
PHP has become the world's most popular scripting language for many reasons: flexibility, ease of use, and so on. However, encoding in PHP or other languages is monotonous and repetitive. At this time, a PHP framework is required to replace the programmer with those parts that are repeated and unchanged. By answering What, When, Why, and Which questions, this article provides a comprehensive solution to the PHP framework.

PHP has become the world's most popular scripting language for many reasons: flexibility, ease of use, and so on. However, encoding in PHP or other languages is monotonous and repetitive. At this time, a PHP framework is required to replace the programmer with those parts that are repeated and unchanged. By answering What, When, Why, and Which questions, this article provides a comprehensive solution to the PHP framework.

PHP has become the world's most popular scripting language for many reasons: flexibility, ease of use, and so on. However, encoding in PHP or other languages is monotonous and repetitive. At this time, a PHP framework is required to replace the programmer with those parts that are repeated and unchanged. This article provides a comprehensive analysis of the PHP framework by answering What, When, Why, and Which questions.

What is the PHP framework?

The PHP framework provides a basic framework for building web applications, which simplifies the process of compiling web applications using PHP. In other words, the PHP framework facilitates Rapid Application Development (RAD), which not only saves development time, but also helps to build more stable applications and reduces the development of repeated codes. By ensuring proper Database Exchange and encoding at the presentation layer, the framework can also help beginners build more stable application services. This allows you to spend more time creating actual Web applications, rather than writing repetitive code.

The PHP framework is generally considered to be equivalent to Model-View-Controller ). MVC is a programming architecture that separates business logic from the UI and allows individual modifications (also known as separation of concerns ). In MVC, Model refers to data, View refers to the presentation layer, and Controller refers to the application or business logic. Basically, MVC breaks the development process of an application, so that each component can work independently. In essence, this makes PHP encoding faster and easier.

Why use the PHP framework?

There are many advantages for developers to use the PHP framework, one of which is to speed up the development process. Reusing code in similar projects will save developers a lot of time and effort. The Framework provides pre-built modules for tedious code tasks. Therefore, developers can spend their time developing practical applications, rather than rebuilding basic functions for every project.

Stability is another important reason for developers to use the framework. Although Simplicity is the biggest advantage of PHP, many people prefer this scripting language, but it is also the biggest disadvantage of PHP. Some developers, especially beginners, can easily write poor code, but they are not aware of it. When using PHP, applications tend to work more statically. You may have opened a large security vulnerability while coding, and therefore may be attacked. It is important to remember that PHP is a very tolerant language, so it is more important to ensure that any vulnerabilities are closed during programming, even if the application looks to work properly.

Finally, PHP frameworks are widely used and many different frameworks are available. Many developers choose a well-known framework because of its popularity and great support from their development teams. They can communicate with other developers who use the same framework through forums/communities, you can also develop your own framework. Check your project to determine whether a frame should be used. You should ask yourself: will it save you and other users time and energy? Will the application performance be better? Will it improve stability? If you answer all these questions, you should select a suitable framework for your project.

When Will PHP framework be used?

This is a question shared by experienced developers and novice developers, and it is indeed not answered directly. For many beginners, a framework will provide a lot of simplicity and stability, so you should try your best to use the PHP framework. This will help reduce or eliminate bad code and speed up the development process.

On the other hand, many experienced PHP programmers regard the framework as a tool for low-level programmers who do not know how to write good and clean code. Whatever this is true or false, there is no doubt that the PHP framework is a tool that can save time and enhance your coding.

When the project is busy at work, using the PHP framework has many advantages and can greatly speed up the coding process. Therefore, if you are in a short time, using the PHP framework is a good choice. Another example is that when your project has a lot of code, you should also consider using the PHP framework, because it will help reduce the complexity of your work.

What kind of PHP framework does it look?

There are many PHP frameworks available for developers to choose from, and you can even create your own frameworks, although only PHP experts are recommended to do so. When looking for the PHP framework you need most, it is important to figure out who will use or modify your application from start to end. If there are many people doing this, so it is best to use the popular PHP framework, so that most developers will not be unfamiliar. On the other hand, if you want to build a Web application for your personal use, you 'd better choose a PHP framework that suits you, regardless of whether it is popular in the developer community.

There are many reference factors for choosing the PHP framework, including ease of use, rapid development, performance, popularity among developers, powerful functions, technical support, and forums. When you select the PHP framework for the first time, we recommend that you try a few more to find the best option that suits your needs. Each framework has different strengths and weaknesses. For example, the Zend framework has become popular for so long due to its V3 and diverse features and a wide range of support systems. On the contrary, CakePHP is another PHP framework later than the Zend framework. There are few supported systems, but it is more convenient and easy to use.

As you can see, each type of PHP framework has its own advantages. Therefore, it is best to experiment over and over again to find out which one is the most suitable for your needs. Another effective way to select the PHP framework is to consult your colleagues to see which one is selected in the development community. Those who have actually used a specific framework can clearly tell you about its ease of use, functionality, support availability, and community. Of course, there may be still some shortcomings.

Most common PHP framework errors

Errors may occur in any type of programming, but the PHP framework helps significantly limit these errors. Repeated encoding seems to aggravate this error, and the framework solves this problem. However, pay attention to any PHP framework. For example, unless you are a PHP programming expert, you should always choose to use popular frameworks with a lot of support and a positive user base. Many frameworks have little or no support. They may be created by some developers with limited PHP knowledge. These types of frameworks may make your applications unable to run normally. What's worse, they may bring catastrophic security problems to your website.

Another common error is that you cannot ensure that your database and Web server comply with the specific framework. For example, the following configurations are recommended for Seagull PHP Framework:

* PHP: the minimum version is PHP 4.3.0, and PHP 5.1.1 or later is better. Avoid anything in 5.0.x;

* MySQL: supports MySQL 4.0.x, 4.1.x, and 5.0.x, or 3.23.x;

* Apache: Seagull supports 1.3.x and Apache 2.x series.

If you do not meet these requirements, you will not be able to see the best performance in the framework you selected. Even if you are an expert in PHP, you should always review the framework instructions and try again after verifying the compatibility.

Similar to the common errors mentioned above, if you do not follow the recommended installation process, Your PHP framework can also bring you some headaches. Taking Seagull as an example, there is a detailed framework Installation Process on the Seagull wiki. There are several key steps that can be easily ignored by developers who are not careful or unaware of it. Therefore, you need to spend time installing the framework and follow the installation instructions.

What are the best PHP frameworks?

Over the past few years, PHP has developed into a script language selected by most developers, and thus produces a large number of PHP frameworks. What is the best PHP framework? The benevolent sees the wise, because not every framework is suitable for everyone. The following are five of the best and most popular PHP frameworks:

The Zend Framework

Zend Framework is very popular in the developer community and focuses on Web 2.0-style applications. Zend is called PHP Company because of its large number of Party members, extensive support and active user groups. Zend is definitely one of the most popular PHP frameworks today. Its powerful functions can meet enterprise-level requirements. Of course, its use also requires extensive PHP knowledge.

CakePHP

From beginners to advanced PHP developers, CakePHP is a great choice. It is basically the same as the Ruby on Rails design principles and mainly focuses on rapid development to make it an excellent framework for Rapid Application Development. Its rapidly growing support system, simplicity, and scalability make CakePHP the most popular PHP framework today.

Symfony

Symfony targets more advanced developers, that is, developers who create enterprise-level applications, especially Askeet and Yahoo! Bookmarks. This open-source PHP framework has comprehensive functions, but its main drawback is that it is slower than other frameworks.

CodeIgniter

CodeIgniter is famous for its ease of use, performance, and speed. Unlike Symfony, CodeIgniter mainly targets developers who share hosts with people or find PHP frameworks for small devices. It provides a simple solution and has an extension library that includes video tutorials, forums, user guides, and wiki. CodeIgniter should be considered for beginners.

Seagull

Seagull is a stable PHP framework used to build web, command line, and GUI applications. This is a very easy-to-use framework and is suitable for beginners and senior programmers. For beginners, Seagull has a sample application library that can be customized to meet their own needs. For advanced developers, Seagull provides a wide range of options including best practices, standards, and modular code bases, these can help you quickly and easily build Web applications. Seagull has an active developer community with a large number of supporting documents and instructions.

Summary

The PHP framework reduces the need for repeated encoding for developers of various technical levels, accelerates the development process, and ensures correct encoding when creating web applications. This not only accelerates rich application development, but also enhances PHP security by reducing code security vulnerabilities.

Although some expert PHP programmers feel that there is no need to use the framework to develop Web applications, the PHP framework can still be an excellent solution for rapid development, for example, in the case of a tight schedule. From beginner to intermediate developers, the framework can improve PHP learning and facilitate good code writing and reduce bad code.

Today, many PHP frameworks are available, so developers are sure to find a framework suitable for themselves: functions, support, speed, scalability, etc. Some top PHP development frameworks widely used by developers include Zend Framework, CakePHP, Symfony, Codeigniter, and Seagull. Translated by Wang yulei)

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