Infant Care Plan

Source: Internet
Author: User

Parenting Plan for infants aged 0 to 1
★0 ~ 6 months parenting goals
1. ensure healthy and safe growth of infants and children.
2. Establish regular practices to cultivate good living habits.
3. perform initial sensory training (visual, audible, sensory, sniffing, and tactile motion ).
4. Perform pronunciation training (vowels A, O, E, I, consonants m, n, D, and g ).
5. Cultivate interest in communicating with others.
The first month
Educational objectives
1. Protect the healthy growth of newborns.
2. Establish sleep and diet routine. Cultivate good sleep and eating habits.
3. Helps infants establish sensory conditioned reflex (audio-visual touch ).
4. Perform head-up, grip, crawling, and other training for babies.
5. initially establish a parent-child emotional bond.
Body and heart Development Features
(1) physiological development
1. Weight: after birth to the full moon can increase by about 0.8-0.9 kg.
2. Length: The length increases by about 4 cm after birth to the full moon.
3. head circumference: About 34 cm at birth, an increase of about 8-10 cm in 6 months.
4. Athletic Ability
(1) Big action: the top of the head for a moment.
(2) fine Action: hold the pen bar for a while.

(2) Psychological Characteristics
1. Cognitive Ability: Listen to the sound and use the eyes to find the sound source.
2. Brain Development: at birth, the brain weight is 350 grams. Under good feeding, almost 1 gram is increased every day.
3. Language Ability: minor voices are generated.
4. Social development: ① eyes and eyes of parents. ② Smile when being amused.
The second month
Educational objectives
1. Verify the healthy and safe growth of infants and children.
2. Establish regular procedures to cultivate good living hygiene habits.
3. Perform visual and auditory pursuit and small-handed grip training for infants.
4. Perform training on vowels A, O, E, I, consonants m, n, D, and G in infants.
5. When being funny, you will smile at people and enjoy interacting with adults. This basically establishes a parent-child bond.
Body and heart Development Features
(1) physiological development
1. Weight: increase to about twice the weight at birth.
2. Height: 2.87 (female)-3.27 (male) cm higher than the first month.
3. action capability
(1) Big Action: The prone head can be raised for a moment, and the upper and lower extremity muscle tension increases and straighten.
(2) fine Action: The activity ability of the hand is enhanced, almost open, and no longer clenched. You can touch your hands on your chest or put your hands in your mouth.

(2) psychological characteristics
1. Vision: the eyes can clear bright objects ranging from 25 to 30 cm, and the eyes can catch up with Active toys, the head and eyes follow the movements of objects to 45 degrees on both sides and can watch the moving face.
2. Hearing: the system responds to sudden noises, instantly responds to the call of the mother and the call of hitting a toy, stops crying when the bell rings, and traces the sound source.
3. Language Ability: Make a harmonious throat sound when you are comfortable.
4. Brain Development: the second peak of brain cell growth.
5. Social development: If you are satisfied with your needs, you can smile happily or smile alone.
third month
educational objectives
1. Develop big movements, learn to turn over 90 degrees on the side, and use your elbow to hold your front half and hold your hands on your chest.
2. You can view an object at 180 degrees on the supine side. (Convert to 90 degrees each on both sides)
3. When you are happy, you can giggling. When you are amused, you can make an Iraqi speech.
4. I can hear my mother's voice and know the adults who take care of him. When I see a person, I smile at the initiative to attract adult attention.
5. initially develop a habit. Protect the healthy growth of newborns.
body and heart characteristics
(1) physiological development
1. Weight: the normal weight of infants in the 90 days after birth is 6.22 ~ 6.74.
2. Length: Normal Value: 61.1 cm ~ 62.4 cm.
3. Bust: 40.1 cm-41.2 cm.
4. head circumference: 39.8 cm-43.8 cm.
5. Athletic Ability
hold hands with one another and pat hands with one another to hold the hanging toys. The head can be raised very high and stable when you lie down, and the body can be lifted with both hands. Straighten your arms and move your limbs separately. The muscles work normally. You can sit in your head position and lean forward steadily. When you help your station, you can support part of your weight. Turn over from left to right.

(2) psychological characteristics
1. Vision: Eyes are concentrated and can be traced to objects other than 30 cm. The eyes can move up, down, and left and right, and can catch small items (such as small Sugar particles ).
2. Auditory: You like to listen to rhythmic sounds, such as music, children's songs, and turn your head to the sound source.
3. Language Ability: can understand the daily speech that the mother often speaks. Smile..
4. Social development: eyes keep up with pedestrians and people like to take them outdoors. I like attachment to my mother. Start to pay attention to the surrounding things and see the food you want to eat. The fourth month
education goals
1. Develop big actions and turn over 180 degrees. Sit up and help the station.
2. Little hands can hold on to the toys and watch.
3. The eye can move up and down to view small items. You can find the sound source and the blocked face.
4. Learn the consonants d, n, m, and B.
5. know people who are familiar with it and enjoy playing games with adults. Protect the healthy growth of newborns.
physical and mental development characteristics
(1) physiological development
1. Weight: The normal value is 5.54-6.02.
2. Height: The normal value is 58.8 cm-60.1 cm.
3. head circumference: The normal value is 38.6 cm-39.6 cm.
4. Bust: 0-0.9 cm less than head circumference.
5. Athletic Ability
the system is able to roll over 90 degrees on the side. The system is prone to both elbows, and the front half of the body is supported. You can hold your hands on your chest and hold your hands on your little toys.

(2) psychological characteristics
1. Vision: the pursuit of bright and bright Mobile Objects reaches 180 degrees.
2. Hearing: can hear the voice of the mother. Find the source. I am very interested in music.
3. Language Ability: it can make a giggling laugh, but it can also make a sound.
4. Social development: start to recognize and recognize the adults who take care of him. Can take the initiative to laugh at people close to him.
the fifth month
education goals (①): provides daily support, help stations, and support to guide the baby to hold toys and promote the development of fine movements.
② learn to imitate the pronunciation: "a-a", "O-o", "G-G", "Ma-Ma", and "ba-ba ".
③ the baby learns to recognize people, recognize things, listen to children's songs, and enjoy music in a planned manner.
④ When you hear the name, you will look back or smile.
⑤ prevent iron deficiency anemia.
physical and mental development characteristics
(1) physiological development
1. Average weight: 6.78-7.79 kg.
2. Length: Average Value: 63.1-65.3 cm.
3. Bust: 41.1-43.0 cm.
4. head circumference: Normal Mean: 40.9-42.8 cm.
5. Athletic Ability
(1) major movements: ① the server can stand under the armpit and stand on the sofa and chair with handrails.
② the server can turn between the two sides;
③ lie on the top of your head and move your chest out of bed to support your upper body.
(2) fine movements: ① hold the hanging toys; ② hold a toy in both hands.

(2) Psychological Characteristics
1. Vision: start to recognize the faces of adults and follow the object to divert sight.
2. Auditory Perception: identify the name of a parent who calls himself.
3. Cognitive Ability: ① the two eyes follow the fallen toys;
② Identify an item.
4. Language Skills: ① people or toys that you are familiar with will have a poor pronunciation;
② It can imitate the adult's repeated consonants, such as Ba-Ba Ma-Ma Da-da Wu-wu.
6. Social development: Seeing food excited ① calling a baby name will watch or smile;
② Smile at familiar people and respond to fear or cry at strangers.
The sixth month
Educational objectives
① Big movements of development, supine turning and rolling, able to sit down and pass blocks with both hands; the fine movements of development will tear up the paper and hold the handkerchief on the face.
② Cultivate good mood and pay attention to mental health.
③ Learn the fingers and the facial features of the body.
④ The number of teeth is 0-2.
5. 4-5 consonants can be generated.
Physical and mental development characteristics
(1) physiological development
1. Weight: Normal Mean Value: 7.24-8.3 kg
2. Height: Normal Mean Value: 64.8-68.6 cm
3. Bust: Normal Mean: 41.9-43.9 cm
4. head circumference: Normal Mean: 41.8-43.9 cm
5. Teeth: Normal Mean: 0-2
6. action capability
(1) major actions: ① sit alone for a moment, ② stand with support
(2) fine Action: ① pass the toy from one hand to another.
② It will tear up the paper and capture the handkerchief on the face.

(2) Psychological Characteristics
1. Vision: start to identify toys of different shapes or colors.
2. Hearing: I can understand "dad", "Mom", and some things.
3. Cognitive Ability
① When you hear the name of a person's name or item, you will stare at it or recognize it with your fingers.
② Be aware that others take their toys and cry to resist.
4. Language Capabilities
1. Imitate adult consonants: D-d primary, ná- ná, wá- wá, P primary I-P primary I.
② When I hear "mom" or "dad", I will stare at it.
5. Social development
① Start to identify the student, there are obvious anxiety, crying and other reactions.
② Capture and pat the human in the mirror.
③ Distinguish between harsh and friendly languages.
④ I like playing games outside and "Tibetan cats.


The seventh month
Educational objectives
1. Develop big movements so that the baby can sit alone for a few minutes, help his hands to stand; develop fine movements to promote flexibility of fingers.
2. Learn to send "dad", "mom" and other dual consonants.
3. Imitate adult clap and nod.
4. Add biscuits, minced meat, animal blood, eggs and other complementary foods. Pay attention to prevent iron deficiency anemia in your baby.
5. Help the baby gradually adapt to the social environment with many people.
6. 3rd injection of hepatitis B vaccine.
Physical and mental development characteristics
(1) physiological development
Body weight: Normal Mean: 7.78 ~ 8.7 kg
Body Height: Normal Mean: 67.0 ~ 69.95 cm
Head circumference: Normal Mean Value: 42.8 ~ 44.45 cm
Chest Circumference: Normal Mean: 42.9 ~ 44.4 cm
Number of teeth: 1 ~ 2 front teeth
Action capability: 1. Major action
(1) Sit down for a few minutes, without your hands.
(2) help the baby stand with both hands.
2. Fine action
(1) The flexibility of the finger is enhanced, and the thumb can be used with other fingers to hold the toy.
(2) You may use a toy with a handle to beat another toy.
(2) Psychological Characteristics
1. Auditory
(1) I like to listen to rhythmic children's songs.
(2) When I hear "dad", I turn to my father.
2. Language Capabilities
I have no intention of sending out dual consonants such as "dad" and "Mom", but I still cannot understand the specific meaning.
3. Cognitive Ability
(1) It will imitate adult clapping and nodding.
(2) items hidden in person can be found.
4. Social development
(1) take the initiative to ask for a hug when you see your parents and acquaintances.
(2) The phenomenon of "fear of being born" is intensifying and should gradually adapt to the social environment with a large number of people.
Eighth month
Educational objectives

1. Add more complementary food varieties, but avoid indigestion.
2. Train your baby to get a spoon and drink water in a cup.
3. Develop the rhythm of eating, excretion, sleep, and waking.
4. Develop the color perception of the baby.
5. The baby should be vaccinated against measles within 8 months.
physical and mental development characteristics
(1) physiological development
1. Body Weight: Normal Mean Value: 7.8-8.8 kg
2. Height: Normal Mean Value: 68-75.5 cm
3. head circumference: Normal Mean: 43.5-45.2 cm
4. Bust: Normal Mean: 43.8-46 cm
5. teeth: if the two front teeth under the baby haven't grown, they will grow in the month. If they have grown, the two front teeth will grow soon.
6. Athletic Ability
(1) major action: a. The movement is performed forward with the elbow as the pivot.
B. Sit down and lie down.
(2) fine Action: A. Use two blocks to attack each other.
B. I like to put what I can get into my mouth.

(2) psychological characteristics
1. Language Ability
(1) can understand mom's simple language and associate some words with common objects.
(2) parents like to imitate adult dual-homography. 50%-70% of children will automatically emit "dad", "Mom", and Other syllables, and gradually evolved from unconscious pronunciation to conscious calling of fathers and mothers. This marks the child's insensitivity to language learning.
2. Sensory development
(1) Children are more interested in long-distance things and enjoy going outdoors to see trees, flowers, flowers, pedestrians, and vehicles.
(2) I like to watch what I get over and over again. I like to knock on or put it in my mouth.
3. Cognitive Development
(1) hiding items in front of a child will be quickly discovered.
(2) I began to be interested in books. I like to allow my parents to accompany me to read books and read pictures. I like to hear the sound of turning over books.
4. Social development
(1) Shut up or open your head when you are not hungry.
(2) crying means injury, discomfort, hunger, and loneliness in different ways.
(3) as an adult, "Clap your hands" and say goodbye.
(4) users like to imitate adult actions, such as drinking water from a cup or talking to a phone.
ninth month
educational objectives
1. Learn to crawl your hands and knees, and move your hands forward.
2. Multiple switches are operated using the index finger.
3. You can understand the meaning of common words and read books and pictures.
4. You can clap your hands and say "Hello". You know how to play games with others.
5. JE vaccine 1st times, with an interval of 7-10 days.
6. If you hold your food with a spoon, you can stretch your head and put on your clothes.
physical and mental development characteristics
I. physiological development
1. Body weight index: 8.36-9.0 kg
2. height index: 69.7-71.3 cm
3. head circumference index: 43.8-45.0 cm
4. Bust index: 43.7-44.9 cm
5. Action Ability:
(1) major action ① crawls freely; ② takes more than three steps
(2) fine movements ① flexible use of forefinger ② horizontal scissors grip
II. Psychological Characteristics
1. Cognitive Development
① Two or more body parts or item.
② the paper or cloth towel covered with toys will be uncovered to find the toys.
2. Language Ability
① the speaker will be sent, but there is no finger.
② ability to answer a simple language.
3. Social development
① be shy and be shy.
② when I hear the praise, I will repeat the previous action.
③ you will play games with people you are familiar.

The tenth month
Educational objectives
1. Flexible crawling, standing independently, and walking with objects.
2. You can use your hands to build blocks and build blocks.
3. It imitates "dad" and "mom ".
4. understand simple semantics and make corresponding actions.
5. Dress and undress.
6. The main staple food is gradually weaned, and good eating habits are learned.
Physical and mental development characteristics
I. physiological development
1. Important indicators: 8.5-9.4 kg
2. Height: 73 cm-
3. head circumference index: 44.5-45.6 cm
4. Bust indicators: 44.4-45.6 cm
5. Number of outteeth: 4-6
6. action capability
(1) major actions
① You can steadily sit up in the bedroom and lie down again.
② It crawls flexibly and quickly.
③ It can hold an object (such as a bed bar) and walk along it.
(2) fine Action
① Put one toy into another.
② Hold two objects in one hand (but it seems clumsy when put down ).
③ Skillful in food and thumb movements.
Ii. Psychological Characteristics
1. Cognitive Development
① Know your own name and promise it when someone else calls it.
② Point out people with your fingers.
2. Language Capabilities
① It will be called "dad" and "mom ".
② Understand simple semantics and make corresponding actions.
3. Emotional Development
① Learn how to be happy and unhappy.
② I like reading various things, And my curiosity is strong.
4. Social development
① I like to play cooperative games with children or adults.
② Listen to praise and praise, and respond accordingly.
③ You like to contact people around you with a clap of hands and a wave of goodbye.
11th months
Educational objectives
1. It can hold the railing and stand on its own feet, and walk several steps horizontally.
2. Coordinates hands and learn to wave and swing hands.
3. You can read books, find pictures, and take a spoon by yourself.
4. Shoes yourself.
5. It can imitate some simple words spoken by adults.
6. Be able to understand the meaning of common words and learn some actions that express the meaning of words.
Physical and mental development characteristics
I. physiological development
1. weight index: 8.8 ~ 9.6 kg
2. Height indicators: 72.3 ~ 74.2 cm
3. head circumference indicators: 44.8 ~ 46.0 cm
4. Bust indicators: 44.7 ~ 49.0 cm
5. Number of outteeth: 5 ~ 7
6. action capability:
(1) major action: ① able to sit down for a long time
② Freely climb to the desired place
③ It can help things stand very stable and take several steps horizontally.
(2) fine Action: ① use the thumb and forefinger to coordinate and pick up small items.
② Beckoning and swinging.
③ It will flip books and open wrapping paper.

Ii. Psychological Characteristics
1. Cognitive Development
① Know how to use tools (such as sticks) to obtain toys and other items.
② Listen to the finger or graph.
2. Language Capabilities
① Have a strong willingness to express your language (such as speaking something inexplicable ).
② Consciously send certain sounds outside of "Mom and Dad" (for example, to and)
③ Understand the meaning of common words. And can imitate adult speech.
3. Social development
① Act with music or children's songs (for example, nod your head or Clap your hands)
② There is a strong need to interact with people and enjoy playing with adults.
12th months
Education Goal 1: To walk independently on the railing, and to stand, squat, bend over.
2. Able to hold a spoon to eat (though not good ).
3. Painting.
4. I can say one or two words, and I will nod my head to express my opinion.
5. Two or three types of objects can be heard.
6. A finger can be raised to indicate "1 ".
Physical and mental development characteristics
I. physiological development
1. weight index: 9.0 ~ 9.8 kg
2. Height indicators: 73.0 ~ 75.6 cm
3. head circumference indicators: 45.0 ~ 46.3 cm
4. Bust indicators: 45.0 ~ 46.4 cm
5. Number of outteeth: 6 ~ 8
6. Seat height: 46.5 ~ 47.5 cm
7. action capability:
(1) major actions: ① can take two steps independently ~ Step 3.
② You can kneel down and stand up again.
③ It can shake your feet.
(2) fine Action: ① you can use crayons to stamp points on the paper.
② Build blocks.
③ Hand-eye coordination is further improved to pull drawers and open doors.
④ Open the bottle cap, peel off the sugar paper, and barely use a cup to drink water.
Ii. Psychological Characteristics
1. Cognitive Development
① Recognize two or three parts of the body.
② The index finger can be raised to indicate "1 ".
2. Language Capabilities
① It can imitate 3-5 different animals.
② I like to speak with others.
③ Combine language and expression.
④ Understand the meaning of adult speech.
3. Social development
① I like playing games with my mom and dad.
② I like reading calligraphy and painting and listening to adult stories.
③ Games that like to play with things.
④ What you like, such as cars, birds, and small animals.
── ─
0-3 years old baby study plan
The significance of early reading is to make children happy from books. This kind of happiness can help them form a beneficial attitude towards books and enjoy the fun of life. As a pair of fashion parents, even if they are busy, they should join their children in reading at a certain time of the day.

I. Reading parents and children every day for half an hour is the best way to guide your baby's thinking

If you stick to telling your child a story every day, you are a wonderful mother. Don't underestimate this half an hour of parent-child reading every day. It can make your children have a great deal of fun in the unlimited imagination space, the "angry dog" and "no home for a kitten" in your mouth are all vivid voiceprints, And the expressions, colors, and actions of grass, small flowers, and small animals on the screen, it also became a fresh image because of her rich expression.

What does a 0-3-year-old baby remember? Do we really need to stick to it like this?

Psychologists say that the baby needs environmental stimulation. Reading with the child can stimulate her hearing, vision, and colorful cards, it is a kind of stimulus for the baby to watch, care, and sweet voice with the mother. Such a stimulus cannot be understood as getting a very good result. Early education is as natural as the spring breeze swept across the Earth, and cannot be regarded as a kind of teaching. It is the form of our life and the beautiful state of life between us and our children.

This period is a period of rapid development of children's language and intelligence. From the time when the baby learns the language, to the time when he repeatedly says the words "car", "cap", etc., until he can say a simple sentence, in this process, we are delighted to see the huge progress of our baby. It is a good educational training for mothers to tell stories to their babies. We need to understand the significance of repeatedly telling stories to children.

When mothers read stories to their babies over and over again in a dramatic and enthusiastic manner, if it causes a poetic thought, hint a beautiful feeling, and touch people's hearts, our babies, like us, can also feel the presence of beauty. It is exactly this repetition that combines the imagination of the child and the incomparable magic that comes with your participation, make stories the best way to influence children's thinking.

2. Start reading games with your baby in a relaxed and warm atmosphere

Every day, we start reading games in a relaxed and warm environment with our baby. Even if he/she speaks a bunch of inexplicable words, we should look at him/her with encouraging eyes: Wow, it's just as good as mom. Let him/her imitate your facial expressions, gestures, and tone changes, you will find that he/she is really smart. When you talk to him/her about new words, you need to gesture to him/her to emphasize them and repeat these new words like playing games, the baby is very fond of reading books with his/her, telling stories in books. For the baby, books are a kind of toys that can be opened and closed and can be learned to speak.

In the range he/she can see, set up his/her small painting book, it is best to have a cute small bookshelves, let the baby feel the colorful, dazzling pictures of things called books by the mother, there are good, interesting stories and games.

In the past 0 to 6 months, my mother brought her voice and facial expressions to the baby's world.

The favorite reading game for babies aged from 0 to 6 months is a colorful and easy-to-use picture book featuring loose, elegant and short. The quality of books must be good, and the color comparison should be large. It is best to have a rounded book to avoid scratching your children. This kind of reading not only makes the baby understand simple things around him: fruits, vegetables, flowers, grass, toys, etc., but also helps the baby to have a basic understanding of rhythm and a preliminary impression of color, cultivate their appreciation for beauty.

In fact, in addition to simple understanding, children can also get more from reading games with their mothers. The voice and expression of the mother's mother can make the mother feel her love for reading. This kind of love will be incorporated into the child's young life.

6-12 Months of Mom's situation Reading, let the baby understand the world in the story

For children of this age group, three types of stories can be selected for mothers. 1. Simple enlightenment books; 2. simple stories and picture books that match their comprehension skills; 3. Reading books that are richer and more interesting to their parents older than their age, let him see the beauty of the story from the tone, posture, and expression of the storyteller. Of course, mom should try to avoid reading stories of terror, sorrow, and miserable ending.

The third story requires parents to think about it. Every night, a mother tells the story of Little Red Riding Hood to her children younger than one year old. The child does not really understand the meaning of this story (he has never seen a real big gray wolf or a big gray wolf in the picture). He just loves to listen to the voice of the storyteller and loves his support. The mother's reading method is: when the girl is wearing a red hat, she will touch the baby's head, the girl will touch the baby's hand when collecting flowers, the little girl will touch the baby's arm when she baskets, and the little red hat will be eaten by the big gray wolf, hold your baby tight, and the hunter will touch the baby's belly when cutting the big gray wolf's belly. The mother always changed the name of the hunter to the name of the child, and she could not forget to write a song to sing the song of the little hunter at the end. As a result, the most important thing a child learns from reading is love. His understanding may be: Difficulties encountered-small-handed solutions-praise from his mother. The child understands the story through his mother, appreciates the story, and realizes the meaning of reading.

1-2 years old babies understand life and experience emotions during reading. After the age of 1, the baby began to learn and understand simple fables, jokes, poems, and novels. All types of literary works can be understood by children as long as they cover no more content than their children's life experience. Choosing books for a child should also consider factors other than knowledge content to enrich the child's life experience and increase his/her appreciation for literature.

At this time, parents should share their reading with their children every day. Children of this age like crazy stories. A mother said that her child had the most laughter after hearing the story of a strange old lady: the strange old lady went downstairs without taking the stairs and took a brick as a dish. She fell down and fell down her ass, in addition, you cannot find it if you drop it. This story can be edited by the parents themselves. At this stage, children can enjoy good emotions from reading. On the basis of this, you can explore the works that your parents do not understand but they like very much.

6 elements of parent-child reading:
■ Keep your child happy and peaceful

■ Choosing a time that is not easy for a child to distract

■ Select a story in the scope of your child's interest

■ The story is full of drama and enthusiasm

■ Treat your child affectionately and encourage him/her to respond.

■ Trust your baby, step by step, and persevere

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