Installation and configuration of fedora 15

Source: Internet
Author: User
Tags proxychains gstreamer

Fedora 15 will be released on December 24, and four days from the official version. Here, I will give you some advice on using fedora 15 in advance. The following is a summary of the installation and configuration of fedora 15 by dummies. We hope to make it easy for you to configure your own fedora 15. For reference only. If any error occurs, please note.

"1" Installation Introduction

Fedora 15 beta @
You can download a DVD or livecd to install fedora 15.
Because I do not have a CD/DVD in my hand to burn the disc for installation, I am using a USB flash disk for installation. The size of the USB flash drive is 2 GB. I chose to download the livecd media. Burn livecd to a USB flash disk and make it into a boot disk. After the boot, select start from the USB flash drive to go to the live trial interface, and then select "Install to hard disk.
Burn the image to a USB flash drive:
# In win, you can use ultraiso to enable the boot disk by selecting "write to hard disk. The specific usage will not be described here;
# In Linux, I use the unetbin:
Ubuntu installation:

Sudo Apt-Get InstallUnetbootin

Fedora installation:


Because I am under fedora 14, the second method is used. If you do not want to use livecd to install fedora, you can also use the command to upgrade from fedora 13 & 14 to fedora 15. For more information, seeArticleUpgrade from fedora 13 & 14 to fedora 15. This method requires a large number of software packages to be downloaded for a long time. If the network speed is not good, it is scratching your ears and furious. In addition, after the software package is downloaded, it is easy to encounter inexplicable errors when the installation is restarted. I have planted this method. If you want to try it, you can try it.

"2" prerequisites

Because the stupid rabbit has been wandering in Ubuntu for a long time, the fedora time is not long. Although I have been familiar with it several times, I am not very familiar with it. Fedora is similar to Ubuntu in many aspects. If you are familiar with Ubuntu, fedora is also very easy to use. I feel that for me, the management of software packages should be the focus of the solution.
The installation package format of fedora is rpm. Use Yum (that is, yellow dog Updater, modified. ^ _ ^, Yellow dog) Front-end software manager to download and install RPM packages. Yum can automatically handle dependencies and install all dependent software packages at a time, this is the same as installing software in Ubuntu. It is very convenient for you to automatically resolve dependencies.
At the same time, yum graphical front-end yumex and Kyum. "Add/delete software" under fedora is also a good software management center. However, in this regard, fedora and Ubuntu are not doing very well. I feel that fedora can make some improvements in this regard to facilitate the installation of software by cainiao/veteran. However, the open-source project ailurus pandatv developed by Shanghai Jiao Tong University's trusted Digital Technology Lab can be said to make up for this defect to some extent. We will use it later.

Below is my summaryUsage of yum. You can run the command 'yum-help' or 'man Yum 'to view more help information:
Yum install * installation package
Yum list ~ Search for software packages
Yum check-update to check for updates
Yum update system

UseCommand 'yum-help'. Some input results are as follows:

 usage: Yum  [ options ]  commandlist of commands: CHECK  for  problems  in  the rpmdbcheck-Update Check  for  available package updatesclean remove cached datadeplist List package 's dependenciesdowngrade downgrade a packageerase remove a package or packages from your systemhistory display, or use, the transaction historyinfo display details about a package or group of packagesinstall install a package or packages on your systemlist list a package or groups of generated generate the metadata cachereinstall reinstall a packagerepolist display the configured software specified search package details for the given stringupdate update a package or packages on your systemupgrade update packages taking obsoletes into account  

Unlike Ubuntu, to obtain administrator permissions, you must first use the 'su 'command (without quotation marks) to switch to the root permission. You can also add 'Su-C' before running the command '.The format is as follows:
$ Su

Enter the password:
$ Su-C 'yum install ***'The *** is the name of the software package to be installed.

Iii. system settings

#1. Network Connection
Because our school uses the ruijie client to access the Internet. So the following is how to install @ Google Code on the client mentohust. rpm. For other connection methods such as DSL, you can find the corresponding client.
#2. Install and automatically select the fastest image plugin
Install the plug-in fastestmirror to enable the yum manager to automatically search for the fastest source download

# Yum-y install Yum-fastestmirror

#3. Install and download the acceleration plug-in
For details, refer to the fedora Yum accelerated download plug-in.

# Yum install Yum-Presto

#4. Install the auto-completion command plug-in
The original fedora does not support it. It seems that you can do it now. If you have not completed it automatically, run the following command to install bash-completion:

# Yum install bash-completion

#5. Set sudo
Sudo is used in Ubuntu or other releases. We can implement sudo in the following ways. Enter

# Mongodo

Then, find the following lines in the configuration file:

# Allow root to run any commands anywhereRootAll=(All)All

Then, add the following content under the upstream content


Note: Change bentu to your username. Can I try it now? Pai_^
#6. Right-click the installation and choose "open in terminal"

# Yum install Nautilus-open-Terminal

Restart or log out, it should take effect.
#7. Install the Input Method
In the beta version of fedora 15, there is no ibus. We can use the following command to install the input method.

# Yum install ibus


# Yum install ibus-sunpinyin

Fcitx little penguin input method:

# Yum install fcitx

After the installation is complete, in "Input Method Settings", select Add the above input method.
#8. Install gnome3 tweak Tool
The default desktop environment of fedora 15 is gnome 3. You can run the following command to install the gnome3 tweak tool to adjust multiple systems:

# Yum install gnome-tweak-Tool

There are also many articles about gnome 3. You can refer to the following gnome 3 Article:
Gnome 3 general articles
Gnome 3 user Memorandum
Gnome 3 White Paper
3D effect display + tutorial implemented by gnome3
Gnome 3 theme unity
[Download wallpaper] gnome3 colorful Wallpaper
Modify gnome 3 "activity" text as an icon
Themeselector: GNOME shell Extension
Gnome 3 topic: Orta & drakfire caffe
The stupid rabbit will continue to publish more articles about gnome 3 in the future. Please look forward to them ......
#9. install multimedia Encoding
Fedora does not have software with a closed source or copyright. We can use the following command to add installation decoding:

Yum localinstall -- nogpgcheck FFmpegFFmpeg-libs gstreamer-FFMPEG libmatrosca xvidcore libdvdread libdvdna v lsdvdyumInstallGstreamer-plugins-Good gstreamer-plugins-bad gstreamer-plugins-uugly

This is almost the case, right? How can I try a song?
#10 solve annoying flash
The fedora 15 browser is Firefox 4. When you open Youku or another interface, the message "related plug-ins are missing" appears. In this case, we need to install flash. You can download "yum for Linux" on its official page.
After installation, can it be normal? It must be restarted before it can be displayed normally.
If not, run the following command to install:

# Yum install flash-plugin

#11. About the graphics card driver
In the original fedora 14 or later versions, We need to manually install the video card driver. On fedora 15, the installation is not required because the display is normal.
If you need to manually install the SDK, follow these steps:
A) First, run the following command to view the video card type:

Lspci | GrepVGA

After obtaining the video card type, go to NVIDIA to download the corresponding driver type. The file is in the **. Run format.
B) then, edit the file/boot/GRUB/grub. conf:

Vim /Boot/Grub/Grub. conf

Add 'rdblacklist = nouveau 'After rhGH quiet (no quotation marks)
C) edit the/etc/modprobe. d/blacklist. conf file.
Add 'blacklist nouveau 'At the end of the file (No quotation marks)
C) run the following command:

Setsebool-PAllow_execstack on

D) Restart. On the grub page (The shif key is not pressed ). Press and hold the e key to enter, select the second item with the kernel, and press and hold the e key to enter. Enter 3 at the end of quiet and press the B key to Enter text mode.
E) run the following command:
./Nvi *****-K $ (uname-R)
You can install the video card driver. After successful installation, you can access fedora.

4. Software Installation

#1. We strongly recommend the ailurus pandatv software.
You can run the following command to install the SDK:

  su  -C   'wget repos. d/ailurus. repo'   su  -C   'yum makecache'   su 
    -C   'yum install ailurus  

With this software, you can easily select the software to install. You do not need to run commands one by one for installation. The software installed by the bunny is:
Thunderbird, shutter, VLC, avant Window Manager, gnome do, stardict interstellar dictionary, Dia, gimp, gstreamer Multi-Media Encoding, and p7zip decompression tools. You can install it on your own.
#2. Twitter
The default pushing tool for fedora 15 is Pino.
We introduced turpial last time: Weibo client under Linux;
In addition, "Six excellent Weibo clients under Linux" have been widely reproduced.
Hotot proud rabbit push tool RPM package @ googlecode, download and install it.
There are many clients about Sina Weibo in China. I will not go into details here.
The default instant messaging tool of fedora15 is empathy. The libqq-Pidgin protocol can be used to download the corresponding software package from @ Google Code.
#3. Install and set the proxychains
Gstms is a graphical SSH tunnel port redirection management tool in Linux. The latest version of gstm is 1.2, but there is no packaged RPM package. We can use version 1.1 rpm for installation. I have verified that it is feasible.
Package @ SourceForge: Download the RPM package.
You can run the following command to install proxychains:
# Yum install proxychains
Install/etc/proxychains. conf and select dynamic_chain. If you do not want to go into details, you can search for the information to solve the problem.
#4. Other matters
For example, you can download chrome @ here in a browser. Some office software and music software can be done by yourself. These are all very simple. You don't need to talk about them.

5. usage experience

Ubuntu Desktop users account for an absolute number of users in China. I feel that there are many fewer fedora users. I used fedora. Although it is the same as Ubuntu, it runs much smoother than ubuntu. I wonder if it is an illusion or the freshness does not fade away? The gnome 3 of fedora 15 is also very smooth and much happier than other versions. I found not many fedora related materials on the Internet, and most of them are old materials from a few years ago. Although I have used them for reference, they are not unrelated to the configuration of the new version, this is inconvenient for many fedora users. Therefore, the dummies will collect more relevant information with fedora for your reference. I also hope that the majority of Fedora old birds will lend a helping hand. Dear Tom, you are welcome to give a positive speech and contribute your contributions to this article to share your experience.
PS, previous figure

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