Linux Packaging Compression Command encyclopedia

Source: Internet
Author: User
Tags bz2 file size gz file rar unpack uncompress zip

. tar

Unpack: Tar xvf Filename.tar

Packing: Tar cvf filename.tar dirname

(Note: Tar is packed, not compressed!)

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. gz

Decompression 1:gunzip filename.gz

Decompression 2:gzip-d filename.gz

Compression: gzip FileName

. tar.gz and. tgz

Decompression: Tar zxvf FileName.tar.gz

Compression: Tar zcvf FileName.tar.gz dirname

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. bz2

Decompression 1:bzip2-d filename.bz2

Decompression 2:BUNZIP2 filename.bz2

Compression: Bzip2-z FileName

. tar.bz2

Decompression: Tar jxvf FileName.tar.bz2

Compression: Tar jcvf FileName.tar.bz2 dirname

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. BZ

Decompression 1:bzip2-d filename.bz

Decompression 2:BUNZIP2 filename.bz

Compression: Unknown

. tar.bz

Decompression: Tar jxvf FileName.tar.bz

Compression: Unknown

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. Z

Decompression: uncompress filename.z

Compression: Compress FileName

. Tar. Z

Decompression: Tar zxvf filename.tar.z

Compression: Tar zcvf filename.tar.z dirname

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. zip

Decompression: Unzip Filename.zip

Compression: Zip Filename.zip dirname

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. rar

Decompression: rar x Filename.rar

Compression: rar a filename.rar dirname

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. Lha

Decompression: Lha-e Filename.lha

Compression: Lha-a Filename.lha FileName

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. rpm

Unpack: Rpm2cpio filename.rpm | Cpio-div

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. deb

Unpack: ar p filename.deb data.tar.gz | Tar zxf-

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. Tar. tgz. tar.gz. Tar. Z. tar.bz. tar.bz2. Cpio. rpm. Arj. Lha. Lzh. Lzx. Lzs. SDA. cab SFX. Lnx. P. SLP. Zoo. it. Sit. Sea

Decompression: sEx x filename.*

Compression: SEx a filename.* FileName

Sex just call the relevant program, itself and no compression, decompression function, please note!

gzip command

Reducing file size has two obvious benefits, one is to reduce storage space, and the other is to transfer files over the network, you can reduce the transmission time. Gzip is a regular use of Linux in the file compression and decompression of the command, both convenient and useful.

Syntax: gzip [option] Compress (uncompress) file name the options for this command have the following meanings:

-C writes the output to the standard output and retains the original file. -D Unzip the compressed file. -L Displays the following fields for each compressed file: The size of the compressed file, the size of the uncompressed file, the compression ratio, the name of the uncompressed file-R recursively finds the specified directory and compresses all of its files or is uncompressed. -T test to check that the compressed file is complete. -V displays filename and compression ratio for each compressed and decompressed file. -num adjusts the speed of the compression with the specified number num,-1 or--fast represents the fastest compression method (low compression ratio),-9 or--best represents the slowest compression method (high compression ratio). The default value for the system is 6. Instruction instance:

Gzip *% compresses each file in the current directory into a. gz file. GZIP-DV *% extracts each compressed file in the current directory and lists detailed information. Gzip-l *% details the information for each compressed file in Example 1 and does not understand the pressure. GZIP usr.tar% Compressed tar backup file Usr.tar, at which time the compressed file extension is. tar.gz.

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