Linux Tar Compressed archive Management Command Learning

Source: Internet
Author: User
Tags bz2

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Tar is the main file compression and decompression, is a more commonly used command.

Command format:

tar [-cxtzjvfppn] pathname [pathname ...]

Parameters:

-C: Create an archive

-X: Unlocking an Archive

-T: View an archived content

-Z: Archive compression or decompression with gzip

-j: Compress or decompress archive with bzip2

-V: Show detailed process

-F: Use file name, followed by file name directly

-r: Append file to end of file

--delete: Deleting files from files

-P: Do not change the original properties of the file

-N: Archive only updated files, followed by date (YYYY/MM/DD)

--exclude file: Do not package the following files

Example:

1, packaging/home but not compression

Tar-cvf/filepath/filename.tar/home

2, to gzip compression and packaging

Tar-zcvf/filepath/filename.tar.gz/home

3. Compress and pack with BZIP2

Tar-jcvf/filepath/filename.tar.bz2/home

4, view the tar file content

Tar-tvf/filepath/filename.tar

5, view the content of gzip files,

Tar-ztvf/filepath/filename.tar.gz

6, view bzip2 file contents

tar-jtvf/filepath/filename.tar.bz2

7, back up the/home directory and save permission settings

Tar-zxvpf/filepath/filename.tar.gz/home

8, Backup/home in the directory than the 2009/05/28 new files

Tar-n "2009/05/28"-zcvf/filepath/filename.tar.gz/home

9, Backup/home directory, but do not back up the/home/slyar directory

Tar--exclude/home/slyar-zcvf/filepath/filename.tar.gz/home

10, back up the/home directory for home.tar.gz, only extract/home/slyar.sh files

TAR-ZXVF home.tar.gz home/slyar.sh

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