List: splice () function details

Source: Internet
Author: User
List: splice implements list concatenation. Delete part or all of the elements in the source list and insert them to the destination list.

The function has the following three declarations:

Void splice (iterator position, list <t, Allocator> & X );//

Void splice (iterator position, list <t, Allocator> & X, iterator I );

Void splice (iterator position, list <t, Allocator> & X, iterator first, iterator last );

Function Description: move elements between lists:

Moves the elements of X to the specified position of the target list, efficiently inserts them into the target list, and deletes them from X.

The size of the destination list will increase, and the size will be the size of the inserted element. The size of X decreases accordingly.

The first two functions do not involve element creation or destruction. The third function will.

The iterator pointing to the deleted element becomes invalid.



Position of the destination list, used to indicate the insertion position


Source list,

First, last

The iterator of the elements to be moved in X. The range is [first, last ).

It contains the first element and does not contain the last element.



// Splicing lists

# Include < Iostream >

# Include<List>

# Include<String>

# Include<Algorithm>

Using NamespaceSTD;

IntMain ()


List<Int>Mylist1, mylist2;

List<Int>: Iterator it;

//Set some initial values:

For(IntI=1; I<=4; I++)

mylist1.push _ back (I); /// mylist1: 1 2 3 4

for ( int I = 1 ; I <= 3 ; I + )

mylist2.push _ back (I * 10 ); // mylist2: 10 20 30

it = mylist1.begin ();

++It;//Points to 2

Mylist1.splice (it, mylist2 );//Mylist1: 1 10 20 30 2 3 4

//Mylist2 (empty)

// " it "still points to 2 (the 5th element)

mylist2.splice (mylist2.begin (), mylist1, it );

//Mylist1: 1 10 20 30 3 4

//Mylist2: 2

// "it" is now invalid.

it = mylist1.begin ();

advance (it, 3 ); // " it "points now to 30

mylist1.splice (mylist1.begin (), mylist1, IT, mylist1.end ();

// mylist1: 30 3 4 1 10 20

cout " mylist1 contains: " ;

For(It=Mylist1.begin (); it! =Mylist1.end (); it++)

Cout< " " < *It;

Cout< "\ Nmylist2 contains:";

For(It=Mylist2.begin (); it! =Mylist2.end (); it++)

Cout< " " < *It;


List<String>Dictionary, bword;

Dictionary. push_back ("Any");

Dictionary. push_back ("Angle");

Dictionary. push_back ("Ajust");

Dictionary. push_back ("Common");

Dictionary. push_back ("Cannon");

Dictionary. push_back ("Company");

Bword. push_back ("Blue");

Bword. push_back ("Banana");

Bword. push_back ("Break");

List<String>: Iterator its=Dictionary. Begin ();

For(IntI= 0; I< 3; I++)


Dictionary. splice (its, bword );

Copy (bword. Begin (), bword. End (), ostream_iterator<String>(Cout,"\ N"));

 Return 0;



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