1. Management Information SystemMIS)
Modern Management Information System is a human-oriented system that uses computer hardware, software, network communication equipment and other office equipment for information collection, transmission, processing, storage, update and maintenance, it aims at strategic competition for enterprises, improving efficiency and efficiency, and supports the enterprise's integrated man-machine system for high-level decision-making, middle-level control, and grass-roots operation. It is an emerging science. Its main task is to maximize the use of modern computer and network communication technology to strengthen enterprise information management, by investigating and understanding the human, material, financial, equipment, technology and other resources owned by the enterprise, establishing correct data, processing and compiling various information and materials, and providing them to the management personnel in a timely manner, in order to make correct decisions, and continuously improve the management level and economic efficiency of enterprises.
2. Financial Management Information System (FMIS)
FMIS is a computer software system that manages, controls, and supervises enterprise operations and financial operations. It is a modern management tool that combines advanced management ideas with advanced management methods, it can effectively simplify the original financial system process and improve work efficiency. FMIS effectively implements modern basic financial management methods such as budget management, business evaluation, management accounting, and ABC cost collection.
3. ERP is a management information system that integrates and manages all the resources of an enterprise. Simply put, it is a management information system that comprehensively manages the three major flows of an enterprise: Logistics, capital flow, and information flow. Its functional modules are different from previous MRP or MRPII modules. They can be used not only for management of production enterprises, but also in many other types of enterprises such as non-production, public welfare enterprises can also import ERP systems for resource planning and management.
4. MRP: material requirements planning
Material demand plan
ERP controls parts and materials through MRP, so MRP is the core module of ERP system.
The preparation of the production plan and the main production plan solves the problem of the enterprise's production. The material list shows the structure of the product. The process route shows how the product is produced; what does inventory management point out when such products are produced? What else is missing? What else must we create? What is purchased? The number and time of manufacturing and procurement are the problems to be solved by MRP.
5. CRM :"Customer Relationship Management(CRM) is a business strategy designed to improve profitability, revenue and customer satisfaction. ":" Customer Relationship Management (CRM) is a representative Enhancement
Business strategies designed for profit, revenue, and customer satisfaction. "
MRP provides detailed activities for production and procurement. These activities reflect the daily processing status and are edited based on the time stages required by the production plan and generate reports. In this way, the overall main production plan is linked with the detailed material level plan through MRP. CRM is a customer-centric business strategy. It uses information technology as a means to redesign business functions and reorganize workflow.
6. SCM (Supply Chain Management: Supply Chain Management) is a combination of art and science that enables enterprises to better procure manufacturing products and provide raw materials, production products and services required for services and deliver them to customers.
Supply chain management includes five basic contents:
Plan: This is a strategic part of SCM. You need to have a strategy to manage all resources to meet the customer's needs for your products. A good plan is to establish a series of methods to monitor the supply chain so that it can deliver high-quality and high-value products or services to customers at an effective and low cost.
Procurement: select a supplier that can provide goods and services for your products and services, establish a set of pricing, delivery and payment processes with suppliers, and create methods for monitoring and improving management, the management process for the goods and services provided by the supplier should be combined, including pick up the goods, verifying the ticket, transferring the goods to your manufacturing department, and approving the payment for the supplier.
Manufacturing: activities required to arrange production, testing, packaging, and delivery are the most measured parts in the supply chain, including quality levels, product outputs, and productivity of workers.
Delivery: Many "Insiders" refer to it as "Logistics". They adjust users' order receipts, establish a warehouse network, Send delivery personnel to pick up the goods, deliver the goods to the customer, establish a product valuation system, and receive payment.
Return: this is the problem handling part in the supply chain. Establish a network to receive the customer's returned defective products and redundant products, and provide support when the customer's application products have problems.
7. EAMEnglishEnterprise Asset ManagementIs generally translated as"Enterprise Asset Management".
The application of information technology in the field of asset management and equipment maintenance is roughly divided into three stages:
Stage 1: Use a simple spreadsheet application to record device accounts and device defects and handle device defects;
In the second stage, based on the relational database technology, not only the device account, but also the ticket management, the device is maintained by generating a ticket; it also includes maintenance personnel dispatch management and spare parts inventory and procurement management. During this period, the application System is called CMMS (Computerized Maintenance Management System) or
CAMMS (Computer Aided Maintenance Management System );
The third stage not only includes all the functions of CMMS, but also integrates the latest Management theories in the device Management field, such as RCM (Reliability-Centered Management), TPM (Total Productive Maintenance ), implements preventive maintenance and predictive maintenance management for devices. It also draws on the management methods of inventory, procurement and human resources in the ERP system. In this period, the application system was become EAM. Therefore, EAM is the product of combining the latest theories and practices in information technology and equipment maintenance management.
Based on the assets and equipment account, EAM focuses on the submission, approval and implementation of work orders, and provides several possible modes, including defect handling, planned maintenance, preventive maintenance, and predictive maintenance, aiming at improving maintenance efficiency and reducing overall maintenance costs, we integrate procurement management, inventory management, and human resource management into an information system that fully shares data.
8. HR stands for Human Resource.Human resources.
HRM is short for human resource management. It refers to human resource management (also called HR management)
9. OA (Office Automation) is almost an IT term that people are familiar with and familiar. But what is OA? However, there are different opinions. This is mainly because with the rapid development of computer, communication, and network technologies, the description of OA is constantly enriched, however, no one has defined OA as the most authoritative, scientific, comprehensive, and accurate. In fact, the concept of OA is dynamic, and the evolution theory, regardless of its extension or connotation, has greatly changed with OA more than a decade ago.
In general, it refers to all kinds of information equipment and applications that can meet the requirements of enterprises and institutions and can improve internal information exchange, sharing, and transfer processing and achieve office automation and improve work efficiency. software; it is not isolated, but closely related to other management systems (such as e-government systems, e-commerce systems, CRM systems, ERP systems, and financial systems) of enterprises and institutions. The vitality and role of an independent OA automation system is weak. -- This is also the most comprehensive and recognized concept of OA.
The development of office automation has gone through four stages: the first phase is to implement text processing by adding personal office software to a PC. This stage is probably from 1980s to the beginning of 1990s, it is the single-host Office Automation. The second stage is the appearance of the LAN. the LAN and relational database achieve file sharing and information sharing, which should be in the early stage of 1990s. The third stage, this phase is characterized by Office Automation Based on the groupware technology and aimed at collaborative work and knowledge management. The fourth stage is the collaborative office portal, which is characterized by the OA system serving as the portal for informatization within the entire organization, relative to the external portal (Internet website ). Integrates with various business systems in the Organization to present data in a centralized manner.
• Business application systems required for internal enterprise management mainly refer to core modules such as finance, logistics, and human resources.
• The logistics management system adopts the MRP management philosophy of the manufacturing industry. FMIS effectively implements modern basic financial management methods such as budget management, business evaluation, management accounting, and ABC cost collection; the human resource management system also integrates advanced concepts in organization design, job management, compensation system, and human resource development.