On JavaScript regular expression grouping matching

Source: Internet
Author: User
Tags regular expression

Grammar

Metacharacters: (pattern) function: grouping for repeated matches

Attribute $1~$9 If it exists, it is used to get the substring matched in the corresponding packet

1 or to match the contents of the first group

2 or $ is used to match the contents of the first group

...

9 or $ is used to match the contents of the first group

Usage examples

1 2 3 4 5 6 var reg =/(A +) (b| c| D) +) (e+)/gi;//The regular expression has 4 groupings//Correspondence//regexp.$1 <-> (A +)//regexp.$2 <-> (b| c| D) +//regexp.$3 <-> (b| c| D)//regexp.$4 <-> (e+)

The code above also gives the use of $1~$9

$1~$9 is a predefined static property of a regular expression, referenced by regexp.$1

Grouping nested Relationship Description

The preceding code can also describe nested relationships for grouping

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Test environment Chrome browser var str = "ABCDE"; var reg =/(A +) (b| c| D) +) (e+)/gi; Str.match (reg);//output: ["ABCDE"] reg.exec (str, ' I ');//output: ["ABCDE", "A", "BCD", "D", "E"] regexp.$1;//output: "A" regexp.$2;// Output: "BCD" regexp.$3;//output: "D" regexp.$4;//output: "E"

This makes it clear that the nested relationships of the grouped

In summary: When there are small groupings in large groupings, small groupings are grouped behind the large group, and so on

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