From the time when ancient humans carved stones for better use, to the time when scientists used cutting-edge technologies to explore the outer space, design activities began to exist in people's lives. From the perspective of the history of human beings, people have evolved from ignorance to civilization to passively adapting to the natural environment, and have taken the initiative to explore the mysteries of the natural world. A very important part of this is the historical history of human design ideas. Design is a kind of purposeful creative activity. During this period, creative design ideas play an important guiding role. The design idea is influenced by various cultural factors, such as the ancient Chinese zhuzibaijia and the western modern trend of thought. The profound and profound Buddhist philosophy also has its inspiration and thinking. The next interview is analyzed from four aspects.
I. Persistence of "smart by fixed life" and design ideas
Since the beginning of Sakyamuni's teaching, Buddhism began to learn "wisdom", where "determination" is an important part of the three schools. "Ding", translated by fan wenyin as "samadhi", also known as "Meditation", refers to the focus rather than disorder. Hui Yuan's preface to the collection of poems of the Buddha: "What is the saying of the husband? This is also the case of thinking. The mind is dedicated; if you want to separate the mind, then the Qi deficiency is the God; if the Qi deficiency is the wisdom, the mind shines on it; if the god is Lang, there is no secret ." Buddhism's "quit" learning lays the foundation for "ding", that is, "depending on the rule"; "Hui" learning is also based on "ding" learning, that is to say, "It must be hui, and Hui is definitely used ".
"Zen", short for "Zen" by Fan Wen, is intended to be translated as "quiet ". Because of its cultivation method of thinking, it is also translated as "thinking practice". The central meaning of the Buddhist comments "Sutra set" is meditation and meditation, such as "restraining your own will and reflecting on your thoughts inward, keep your heart and never let it go." "Learn to sit alone ...... The path of the Holy One is to live a lonely life. Only by being alone can you enjoy the joy of life ." In Indian Buddhism, "Zen" and "ding" are two words, but there is a unity between them: one is "virtual", and the other is "Zen" ("Tan Jing"); the second is "static", that is, "it is a matter of no disorder." (Tan Jing) The third is "professional", that is, "one mind and one mind ." Chinese monks have discovered their uniformity, so they use "Meditation" as a word.
The connotation of "Meditation" is consistent with the persistence of design ideas in the design process. The determination of design goals implies the establishment of an idea. Once you enter the design process, you need to devote yourself to the design with a calm and calm mind. Art is originally an ideal carrier. Through works, the author embodies his own ideas and pursuits. However, in many cases, the emergence of a work is mixed with too many secular requirements, this is far from the original ideal of the author. This requires designers to resist external influences, sink their hearts, and concentrate on pursuing their ideals. Mr. Zong Baihua said: "'silious' is the starting point of all art and aesthetic life. Here, the source of philosophical and aesthetic life is the same ." ("Aesthetic walk") This section describes the aesthetic color of the Study of meditation in Buddhism. There are indeed many similarities between the pure and quiet in artistic creations and the "holy heart and virtual static" in the Buddhist theories. The thinking of the Buddhist family "quiet and dynamic" contains the aesthetic mentality of "Never thinking, this affects artistic thoughts. "Consideration" is the "static" of the aesthetic subject, and "Yun Si" is the "motion" of aesthetic conception and image flying. This principle is also seen in literary creation, such as "Wen Fu": "Clear Cheng Xin to worry about", Yu Shinan "pen marrow theory": "Cheng Shen Yun Si", the figure "Twenty-four Poems": "Su Ji Mo, wonderful machine its micro ".
2. concepts of "gradual" and "pause" and inspiration in Art Design
"Zen" is the Buddhist practice and one of the top 10 Buddhist practices in China. It began in India more than 2500 years ago, when the Buddha spent flowers at the Spirit Mountain fa conference, all of them were silent. The only disciple mokojiaye smiled and reached the 18th zumo to cross China in the Southern Dynasty on behalf of the East, the second ancestor Hui Ke was passed to the sixth ancestor Hui Neng for the North and South. The southern sect was represented by the six ancestors. In the "Epiphany" theory, the northern sect was represented by the god show and held the "progressive understanding" theory. Nanzong believes that there is no dust in the world, and there is no line to repair. As long as the epiphany nature, you can "establish a Buddha ". For example:
Bodhi has no trees, and the mirror is not a platform. There is nothing wrong with it. Where can it cause dust?
Bodhi only seeks from the heart. How can he seek knowledge from the outside? According to this practice, the West is only in sight.
BEI Zheng believes that "the heart is settled, the heart is looked clean, the heart is taken outside, and the heart card is taken ". (LV Cheng, a brief lecture on the origins of Chinese Buddhism) Shen Xiu summarized the "gradual learning" effort into four sentences:
The body is a bodhi tree. Always clean, do not make dust.
Therefore, it is necessary to clean the dust of the soul frequently in order to be enlightened. However, in fact, each person's nature is not the same. For those who are not savvy, "Epiphany" must also be assumed as "progressive Repair, even if he is "Enlightened", there must be many points that need to be "fixed. Therefore, the "gradual" and "golden" parameters can be final.
Buddhism's "gradual" and "Don" theories also have great inspiration for artistic inspiration theories. In the artistic creation, the author must study hard and study deeply to get better and better. In the end, the author will learn from each other to build inspiration. The "Epiphany" of "Zen" is not separated from "mature arguments". The theory of "Gradual revision" indicates that Buddhism has a philosophical dialectical color for the psychological process of enlightenment. In art practice, "Epiphany" means that the accumulation of art is touched at a certain time, so as to realize a sudden understanding like "a sudden emergence of light. This artistic inspiration has five external characteristics similar to Buddhism. 1. instantaneous. Inspiration is always instantaneous and transient. 2. Unconscious. It is not the inevitable outcome of the author's painstaking thinking, but an unconscious, unconscious, and contingent factor. 3. naturalness. That is to say, it is non-human. 4. objectivity. It can only be produced through external stimulation. For example, Zhang Xu saw the power of the sun and danced the sword and realized the method of writing scripts. 5. contingency. "This article is a wonderful treat ". Therefore, from the external perspective, "inspiration" is an unconscious state of thought produced by the author under the stimulation of external things. However, for in-depth analysis, this kind of "inspiration" is the opposite unity of instant and long-term, objectivity and subjectivity, contingency and inevitability. On the surface, "inspiration" is not the inevitable result of thinking, but in essence it is the "rate is born after ", its unconscious nature is formally hidden in the conscious manifestation of a large number of conscious thoughts. Therefore, in artistic creation, the author is also required to "have a long time of thinking" and lay a good foundation for the ordinary times, so that he can one day reach the realm of "coming to light" and "coming soon.
3. Integration of Knowledge Environment and artistic conception of Works
In Buddhist epistemology, there are expressions of "Cognition" and "Realm". Xuan Zang translated "Cheng Weiji theory", saying: "The realm is based on the knowledge of the inner, so it is only secular ." "Internal knowledge is like external world ." The external world is born based on internal knowledge. In this "environment", "internal knowledge is not ", as a combination of the "Cognition" of the ontology and the "Realm" of the appearance, it is like the artistic conception in the artistic creation of the subject and object.
This Buddhist Thought of the unity of knowledge and environment undoubtedly has a great inspiration for our artistic creations and research. Chinese culture focuses on emotion and ambition. Concrete scenes in artistic works have also become the carrier for the authors to express their feelings. The "gentle and gentle" artistic tradition allows the author to express his feelings in his works and creations in a more implicit manner, cleverly in the description of other appearances. Such as the use of Fallen flowers to express the indevience of life, the use of mozhu on behalf of anger, the use of orchids to pin high-clean character and so on. The ancient Chinese literati intelligently combined the meaning and condition, and also reflected the Aesthetic Thought of artistic conception. Su Shi advocates "context and intention" in his "after Shen Yuanming drinking poetry", and Wang Guowei's "human words and scripts" puts forward the artistic realm "the meaning and condition of the guru ", all of them clearly expressed their views on the artistic conception. Therefore, in works of art, only "meaning" and "environment" appear more than "direct exposure", and if there is only "environment" and "meaning", the environment becomes redundant. Only when the two complement each other can the content of the work be fully expressed.
Buddha believes that the "Realm" is a "alias", and the "Cognition" is "true ". Cheng Weizhi said: "Knowledge is based on a false situation, so it is also better than righteousness ." This kind of thinking has a great reference for the processing of "Artistic Conception" in artistic creations. Chinese culture has always advocated a kind of "implicit", "neutral" beauty. In the performance of works, expressing emotion is the primary purpose, while "situation" and "image" are just a carrier, is virtual. Artistic Conception: "beauty care, not in the elephant" (Wang Shizhen, yiyuan yiyan, Volume 2), but the unique "Realm" of the painting has a distinction between reality and reality. Traditional Chinese Painting theories focus on "counting white and black", "Cutting horses and passwords ". Most of the ancient artists were proficient in grasping the actual situation of the artistic conception, from the vast landscape to the white space, to a drop of ink on the thick wet and dry paper, all of which reflected the clever use of the actual situation. In the Tang Dynasty, Wang Wei's ink and landscape paintings can express the profound Zen xuanjicang in the works through the comparison of actual and virtual reality. Ma Yuan and Xia guiyou of the Southern Song Dynasty are good at expressing the blank spirit of works through the white space of a large film. At that time, they were called the "horse corner" and "Summer Half Edge ". Traditional Artistic Thoughts also refer to the concepts of "taking the border" and "creating the border. Wang Guowei said in his "word of the Earth": "There is an origin and a writing environment for 'poetry ." So are literature and artistic creations. The reason why artistic works have a strong appeal is that they can exert their subjective initiative, creatively create an atmosphere to express their thoughts, stimulate their own feelings, and resonate with each other, it provides a visual experience with endless aftertaste.
Iv. Cultivation of Buddhist personality and artistic Morality
Buddhist philosophy is admired by many philosophers in ancient and modern China and abroad for its strong speculative color and obvious characteristics of humanistic wisdom and trust. Buddhism has rich connotations, including the world outlook, outlook on life, and the theory of practice, as well as the rational thinking method of dialectics, the basic theoretical framework of Buddhism is supported by the Basic names of the four-digit, twelve-element, eight-way, three-digit, six-degree, four-shot, and Middle-path. Identify good and evil, investigate right and wrong, cherish life, love life, and spread compassion. Ze beam is the main content of the spirit of Mahayana Bodhisattva vigorously promoted by Buddhism. Buddhist power masters develop the highest potential wisdom of mankind and clear the ugly and foul elements of human thoughts, so as to observe everything in the world with pure, beautiful, and quiet wisdom, you can view everything as you are, and you can view everything as you are, so that you can put yourself in the shoes of others. With the heart of wisdom and happiness, you can strictly abide by yourself by the "eight main Truths. Therefore, Buddhist cultivation is actually a kind of continuous self-improvement of personality, as well as a kind of compassionate spirit in terms of inclusiveness, caring for others, and respecting others. It is also this spirit that can promote building a peaceful and coordinated environment.
Similarly, noble artistic morality is one of the most respected qualities of an artist. The evaluation of "excellent arts and crafts" and "font" reflects the comprehensive observation of art authors. To some extent, the value of artistic works is closely related to the author's personal qualities. The calligraphy of Qin Yi, Prime Minister of the Southern Song Dynasty, was a masterpiece of the upper layer at that time. However, due to the fact that the world did not pick him up, he was not optimistic about his work. Yan Zhenqing, a famous calligrapher in the Tang Dynasty, is also a great general with outstanding honors under the chaos of history. His work reveals the heroic and extraordinary charm of his personality, known as the "Four Tang families ".
The cultivation of artistic morality must begin with the word "respect". Everything is in awe, respect the fruits of others' work, treat each other with sincerity, and be strict with yourself, this is actually somewhat similar to the Buddhist practice. I have browsed some art forums and saw sincere parity with others' works, reflecting the Artistic Attitude of "respect, but occasionally, we will also see ratings that are not careful and trample on others' self-esteem. This is a behavior that does not conform to artistic ethics.
To sum up, the "Meditation" in Buddhism and the persistence of the concept of artistic design, the "gradual" saying and the inspiration in the design, the "integration of knowledge and environment" and the artistic conception of the work, even the cultivation of personality has something to do with the cultivation of artistic morality. Buddhist teachings are quiet, tolerant, self-loving, and persistent. These qualities are also the criteria of a good work and a good author in art design.