PHP newbie (14th) Miscellaneous

Source: Internet
Author: User
Tags ereg
Other miscellaneous 13.1 generate images PHP can operate and process images. If you have installed the GD library, you can even use PHP to generate images .? Header (Content-type: image/gif); $ string = implode ($ argv,); $ im = imagecreatefromgif (images/button1.gif)

Miscellaneous

 

13.1 generate images

PHP can process images. If you have installed the GD library, you can even use PHP to generate images.
Header ("Content-type: image/gif ");
$ String = implode ($ argv ,"");
$ Im = imagecreatefromgif ("images/button1.gif ");
$ Orange = ImageColorAllocate ($ im, 220,210, 60 );
$ Px = (imagesx ($ im)-7.5 * strlen ($ string)/2;
ImageString ($ im, 3, $ px, 9, $ string, $ orange );
ImageGif ($ im );
ImageDestroy ($ im );
?>

(Note: The above code segment lacks comments. For more information, see the image processing function section of PHP Manual)

This code is called through the following mark on other pages, and then the above button. the php3 code obtains the text value and adds the value to the other obtained image file. In the above code, the image file is images/button1.gif and is finally output to the browser. If you want to use the image button in the form field, but do not want to have to generate a new image after each text change on the button, you can use this simple method to dynamically generate an image file.

13.2 Cookies

PHP supports HTTP-based cookies. When needed, you can use cookies as easily as using common variables. Cookies are some pieces of information stored in the client by the browser. Therefore, you can know whether anyone on a specific PC has visited your site, and the path of the viewer on your site. A typical example of using cookies is the screening of viewer preferences. Cookies are set by the setcookie () function. Like the header () function that outputs the HTTP header, setcookie () must be called before any actual content Cup is output to the browser. The following is a simple example:

If (empty ($ VisitedBefore ))
{
// If no cookie is set, the current time value is assigned to the cookie.
// The last parameter in the function declares the cookie retention time
// In this example, it is 1 year.
// The time () function returns the time in seconds since January 1, January 1, 1970.
SetCookie ("VisitedBefore", time (), time () + (60*60*24*365 ));
}
Else
{
// Welcome again
Echo "Hello there, welcome back
";
// Read and judge the cookie
If (time ()-$ VisitedBefore)> = "(60*60*24*7 )")
Echo "Why did you take a week to come back. You shoshould be here more often !? ";
}
?>

13.3 common functions

Let's take a look at some common functions.

Array

Array-generate an array
Count-Number of array elements
Sort-array sorting. Other sorting functions are available.
List-list array elements
Each-returns the next key/value pair
Current-returns the current array element
Next, prev-returns the pointer before and after the current array element

 

Date and time

Checkdate-verification date/time format
Date-generated date/time format
Time-current time information
Strftime-format date/time

Directory and file system

Chdir-Change Directory
Dir-directory category
Opendir, readdir, closedir-enable, read, and disable directories
Fopen, fclose-enable and disable files
Fgets, fgetss-read content row by row
File-read the entire file into an array variable

Regular expression

Ereg-regular expression matching
Eregi-regular expression for case-insensitive matching
Ereg_replace-match and replace the regular expression
Eregi_replace-match and replace a regular expression in case-insensitive mode
Split-cut strings according to rules and store them as arrays

 

String

AddSlashes-use a string after adding a slash
Echo-output one or more strings
Join and implode-merge array elements into strings
Htmlentities and htmlspecialchars-convert special HTML characters into HTML markup
Split-cut strings according to rules and store them as arrays


13.4 expand our example homepage

We will use the functions and ideas mentioned above to add more dynamic content to our example homepage. We can add a navigation bar at the top of each page, so that the current page is automatically not linked; you can also add a user verification form to upload music, images, and other files and automatically update the page.

Navigation bar

It is actually adding a piece of code in the footer. inc file. Assume that all files with the suffix. php3 in your web site will appear in the navigation bar. The following code is saved as include/navbar. inc:

/* Output this navigation bar to link all the. php3 files in the site except the current page */
# Reading directories
$ D = dir ("./");
Echo"

| N ";
While ($ entry = $ d-> read ())
{
// Ignore the case of no file
If (! Is_file ($ entry ))
Continue;
/* Separate the file name from the extension. Because it is a special character of the regular expression, it should be used to lead */
List ($ filenm, $ fileext) = split (".", $ entry, 2 );
// Ignore non-. php3 files
If ($ fileext! = "Php3 ")
Continue;
/* Now we have selected all. php3 files. Search for the first line (title) in the file below)
Similar to $ title = "something ";
Separate the above headers and use them as link text */
$ Linknm = "";
$ Fp = fopen ($ entry, "r ");
While ($ buffer = fgets ($ fp, 4096 ))
{
$ Buffer = trim ($ buffer );
// We have placed the title of each file in the first line of the file for search.
// However, it may cause a lot of trouble when you change the variable name.
If (ereg ("title * = *" ", $ buffer ))
{
/* We have obtained the title content and can base on it
To remove spaces.
Must be processed in PHP code, such as $ title = "blah "*/
Eval ($ buffer );
// Display the link text as the title text
$ Linknm = $ title;
Break;
}
}
Fclose ($ fp );
If ($ entry = basename ($ PHP_SELF ))
Echo "$ linknm ";
Else
Echo "$ linknm ";
Echo "| ";
}
$ D-> close ();
Echo"

N ";
?>

Photo favorites

We will reference HTTP-based verification, file system functions, and file upload functions to maintain the directory for storing image files.
At the same time, we need to create a page to list all the photos in this directory.

File Upload

Include ("include/common. inc ");
// Here we will perform another user verification.
If (! Isset ($ PHP_AUTH_USER ))
{
Header ("WWW-Authenticate: Basic realm =" $ MySiteName "");
Header ("HTTP/1.0 401 Unauthorized ");
Echo "Sorry, you are not authorized to upload filesn ";
Exit;
}
Else
{
If (! ($ PHP_AUTH_USER = $ MyName & $ PHP_AUTH_PW = $ MyPassword ))
{
// If the user name or password pair is incorrect, force re-authentication
Header ("WWW-Authenticate: Basic realm =" My Realm "");
Header ("HTTP/1.0 401 Unauthorized ");
Echo "ERROR: $ PHP_AUTH_USER/$ PHP_AUTH_PW is invalid.

";
Exit;
}
}
If ($ cancelit)
{
// When the viewer presses the "cancel" button, the page is redirected to the homepage.
Header ("Location: front_2.php3 ");
Exit;
}
Function do_upload (){
Global $ userfile, $ userfile_size, $ userfile_name, $ userfile_type;
Global $ local_file, $ error_msg;
Global $ HTTP_REFERER;
If ($ userfile = "none "){
$ Error_msg = "You did not specify a file for uploading .";
Return;
}
If ($ userfile_size> 2000000)
{
$ Error_msg = "Sorry, your file is too large .";
Return;
}
// Wherever you have write permission below...
$ Upload_dir = "photos ";
$ Local_file = "$ upload_dir/$ userfile_name ";
If (file_exists ($ local_file )){
$ Error_msg = "Sorry, a file with that name already exists ";
Return;
};
// You can also check the file name/type pair to determine the file type: gif, jpg, mp3...
Rename ($ userfile, $ local_file );
Echo "The file is uploaded
N ";
Echo "Go Back
N ";
}
$ Title = "Upload File ";
Include ("include/header. inc ");
If (empty ($ userfile) | $ userfile = "none ")
{
// Output the following form
?>

(You may notice a slight delay while we upload your file .)
} Else {
If ($ error_msg) {echo"$ Error_msg

";}
If ($ sendit ){
Do_upload ();
}
}
Include ("include/footer. inc ");
?>

Image Library

Include ("include/common. inc ");
$ Title = "Gallery ";
Include ("include/header. inc ");
?>


Here are some of our family photos. This PHP script can be really
Be made better, by splitting into multiple pages.


$ D = dir ("photos ");
While ($ entry = $ d-> read ())
{
If (is_file ("photos/$ entry "))
Echo "n ";
}
$ D-> close ();
?>
Include ("include/footer. inc ");
?>

In addition, you can add an input element to the file upload form to describe the uploaded file. This element will be stored in the file, and then read and displayed by the code in the image library above.

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