Note: The article was originally written in project management integration.
I. Introduction to management
Resources required for project management: 1. Material 2. Human resources
Obtaining method: outsourcing, outsourcing, and leasing.
The significance of supply management: With the progress of society, the position of supply chain management becomes more and more important. As the project organization becomes virtualized, the procurement supply chain has become the lifeline of the project organization, there are a lot of companies with hundreds of millions of projects in their hands, and there are only a dozen people and computers. Throughout the project process, they only have to grasp the two ends of the plan and control, the intermediate implementation process is completely dependent on the procurement supply system.
Stakeholders involved in the supply chain. Obtaining project resources usually involves four stakeholders:
1. resource supplier 2. project subcontractor 3. project initiator 4. Project customer.
The supply chain is formed by three elements: information, the supply and demand sides need to know what is needed, and when to supply, cannot rely on luck. Standards to reach consensus on the required product or service standards. To achieve a win-win situation.
Project supply management process:
1. Supply Management Decision-Making: determines the way in which resources are obtained.
2. Develop a procurement plan: 1. Demand Plan and 2. operation plan.
3. Implement the procurement plan: conduct research, inquiry, negotiation, contract, and bidding.
4. Contract follow-up.
Ii. supply decision-making and planning
1. plan preparation
Input: organization process assets (resource demand plan, project scope description, other management plans, risk identification list), business environment factors (external constraints, market quotations, plans assumptions ).
Output: Self-made outsourcing decisions, procurement management plans, procurement standardization documents (standard contracts), procurement requirements, planned change requests, and bidding evaluation standards.
Procurement Management Plan: 1. Procurement demand plan, except for Self-manufacturing, which resources are purchased, outsourced, and rented out, and the Standards of product suppliers and products are selected, how to determine the optimal order quantity and supply cycle, If you want favorable prices and trading conditions. 2. The procurement operation plan serves as a guide to the operation of the procurement personnel. Therefore, it must be specific and clear, including the specific time, steps, owners, and implementation methods, product requirements and precautions.
2. Fundamental supply management decisions
Several factors need to be considered in decision-making: quality, cost, construction period, outsourcing, outsourcing, comparative division of labor advantages, relatively rigid constraints, and relative transaction risks.
The basic points of procurement decision-making are: What, what to buy, when, when to purchase, how much to buy, how much to buy at what price, and how to trade.
Principles for selecting appropriate products: Compliance, standardization, economy, versatility, availability, and scalability.
Strive for favorable contract prices: fixed prices, buyer benefits, and quality risks. Unit price. The buyer is more favorable than the seller. Floating price. Cost compensation price. In turn, the buyer's profit decreases, the risk increases, the seller's profit increases, and the risk decreases.