Python scheduling algorithm code explanation, python Algorithm

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Python scheduling algorithm code explanation, python Algorithm

Scheduling Algorithm

The operating system manages the limited resources of the system. When multiple processes (or requests from multiple processes) need to use these resources, because of the limited resources, the process (request) must be selected to occupy resources according to certain principles. This is scheduling. The purpose is to control the number of resource users and select resource users to use resources or occupy resources.

In the operating system, scheduling refers to resource allocation. Therefore, scheduling algorithms refer to the resource allocation algorithms defined in the system's resource allocation policies. Different scheduling algorithms are usually used for different systems and system objectives. For example, in a batch processing system, short job priority scheduling algorithms should be used to take care of a large number of jobs; for another example, in a time-based system, rotation should be used to schedule the system to ensure a reasonable response time. Some of the existing scheduling algorithms are applicable to Job Scheduling and some are applicable to process scheduling. However, some scheduling algorithms can be used for Job Scheduling or process scheduling.

Goal description:

Convert an infix expression to a suffix expression (Reverse Polish Notation: RPN inverse Polish expression)
The Regular Expression of the data involved in the operation is in decimal format [0-9] {1 ,}.

Operator priority: (from high to low) ---------------------- () Brackets/* % division multiplication +-addition and subtraction ------------------------


Step 1: use the regular lexical analyzer flex to generate a lexical analyzer to process input infix expressions.
Receives input from stdin, detects illegal characters, and outputs the processed infix expression to stdout.

%option noyywrap%{#include<stdio.h>#include<stdlib.h>%}%%[0-9]+ { printf("%s ",yytext); }[()*/%+-] { printf("%s ",yytext); }[[:space:]] {}. { printf("\nError\n");exit(1); }%%int main(){ yylex(); printf("\n"); return 0;}

Step 2: Use Python for conversion.

Receives an infix expression in a certain format from stdin, detects whether an error occurs during lexical analyzer processing, and then processes the data using the scheduling field algorithm to obtain the rpn list.

import sysline=sys.stdin.readline()line2=sys.stdin.readline()if len(line2)>0: sys.stderr.write("Syntax Error after : ") sys.stderr.write(line) sys.stderr.write("\n") exit(1)lis=line.split(' ')lis.pop()lis_old=lis[:]lis.reverse()oplis=[]rpnlis=[]str=''arith_op="+-*/%" # '(' ')' [0-9]+prior={ '/':1,'*':1,'%':1, '+':2,'-':2 }while len(lis)>0:  str=lis.pop()  if str=='(':    oplis.append('(')  elif str.isdigit():    rpnlis.append(str)  elif len(str)==1 and arith_op.find(str[0])!=-1:    if len(oplis)==0 or oplis[len(oplis)-1]=='(':      oplis.append(str)    else:      while len(oplis)>0 and oplis[len(oplis)-1]!='(' \               and prior[oplis[len(oplis)-1]]<=prior[str]:        rpnlis.append(oplis.pop())      oplis.append(str)  elif str==')':    while len(oplis)>0 and oplis[len(oplis)-1]!='(':      rpnlis.append(oplis.pop())    if len(oplis)>0:         oplis.pop()        else:         sys.stderr.write("Syntax Error while translating : Expected '('")         sys.stderr.write("\n")         exit(2)    else:     sys.stderr.write("Syntax Error : unkown notation -->")     sys.stderr.write(str)     sys.stderr.write("\n")     exit(3)while len(oplis)>0 :  if oplis[len(oplis)-1]!='(':     rpnlis.append(oplis.pop())    else:     sys.stderr.write("Syntax Error while translating : Unexpected '('")     sys.stderr.write("\n")     exit(1)print lis_oldfor i in lis_old:  sys.stdout.write(i)print ''print rpnlisfor i in rpnlis:  print i,print ''exit(0)

Experiment results:

Limitations of the current program:
No syntax check is performed.
Function and variable identification are not supported.


The algorithm uses three spaces. The input is replaced by a symbol. If the input is a number, it is directly entered in the output queue, that is, B), d), f), h ). If the input is an operator, it is pushed into the operator stack, that is, c), e) in the figure. However, if the priority of the input operator is lower than or equal to the operator priority at the top of the operator stack, then, the elements in the stack enter the output queue (Cyclic determination), and the input operator is pushed into the operator stack, that is, g in the figure ). Finally, elements in the operator Stack are in the output queue, and the algorithm ends.

The information in the appendix is taken from Wikipedia • scheduling field algorithm entry.


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