# Python's expanded knowledge of + = and =

Source: Internet
Author: User

There are two points on the internet, and I want to say something.

1th

Online has always said num = num + num and num + = num is equivalent, here I want to say, these two only when NUM is a numeric value is equivalent, if not numeric,num = num + num is the value of NUM Plus num is assigned to NUM, which One is to create a new space for Num, and num+=num is the result of modifying Num's original value to num + num . Maybe you'll be a little stunned, okay, let's look at the example below

`A = def Zhouyu (num): num = num + num print (num) Zhouyu (a) print (a)`

With the above understanding, we know that num = num + num is actually assigning the result of  plus  to NUM, and then Num will go back to that result and say that if the value of NUM is , then the value of NUM is now [100,100] , while A is still .

Here's another one.

`A = def Zhouyu (num): num + = num print (num) Zhouyu (a) print (a)`

Because Num +=num actually modifies the value of NUM itself, it modifies the value of NUM and the value of a is changed.

2nd.

Compare the results of the following two paragraphs of code

`A = 100def Zhouyu (num): num +=num print (num) Zhouyu (a) print (a)`

Why is the result of execution

200

100

Because A is an integer type, except the list and the dictionary is basically immutable, Zhouyu (a) is passed a, so Num will point to a, because a=100 is an integer type, is immutable, so here will go to create a new a,a=100+100, so A is 200, Print out is 200, and the outside of a is that a so, it is still 100. If you don't understand it, see below.

`A = def Zhouyu (num): num +=num print (num) Zhouyu (a) print (a)`

Why is the result of execution the following result?

[100,100]

[100,100]

Because Zhouyu (a) is passing in a, num points to a, where a is a list type and can be changed. So it will change the above, and the print will change. That is, when the parameter is passed to see if a is mutable, if it is mutable will change the value of the outside, if not mutable, it is a new creation of a, this time the value of a and function outside the value is not the same

Python's expanded knowledge of + = and =

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