"Recommended" using eval (), new Function () to convert a JSON string to a JSON object

Source: Internet
Author: User

Reprinted from: http://blog.snsgou.com/post-13.html

In JS, the JSON string is parsed into a JSON data format, typically in two ways:

1. One for using the eval () function.

2. Use the function object for return parsing.

The first parsing method: Use the Eval function to parse, and use the each method of jquery to traverse

Using jquery to parse JSON data as a transport object for jquery asynchronous requests, the result of the jquery request is the JSON object, which is all about the server returning the form of a string in JSON form. For JSON objects that are encapsulated with plug-ins such as Jsonobject, this is also the same thing, and is no longer explained here.
Here we first give a set of JSON strings, the string set as follows:

var data = "{
{name: ' 1 ', Value: ' 0 '},
{name: ' 6101 ', Value: ' Beijing '},
{name: ' 6102 ', Value: ' Tianjin '},
{name: ' 6103 ', Value: ' Shanghai City '},
{name: ' 6104 ', Value: ' Chongqing '},
{name: ' 6105 ', Value: ' Weinan '},
{name: ' 6106 ', Value: ' Yanan '},
{name: ' 6107 ', Value: ' Hanzhong '},
{name: ' 6108 ', Value: ' Yulin '},
{name: ' 6109 ', Value: ' Ankang '},
{name: ' 6110 ', Value: ' Shangluo '}

This is based on the data type obtained by jquery asynchronously,--json object and string, and describes how the results are handled in two ways.

1, for the JSON string returned by the server, if the jquery asynchronous request did not do type description, or as a string to accept, then need to do an object processing, the way is not too cumbersome, is to put the string in eval () to execute once. This is also a good way to get JSON objects in a normal Javascipt way, as illustrated below:

1 vardataObj = eval("("  + data + ")");  // 转换为json对象

Why do you want to add "(" + Data + ") to the eval here?

The reason is that eval itself is a problem. Since JSON starts and ends in the form of "{}", in JS, it is treated as a block of statements, so it must be coerced into an expression.

The purpose of the parentheses is to force the Eval function to force the expression in parentheses to be converted to an object while processing the JavaScript code, rather than being executed as a statement (statement). For example, if the object literal {} is not enclosed, then eval will recognize the curly brace as the start and end tag of the JavaScript block, and {} will be considered an empty statement. So the following two execution results are different:

1 alert(eval("{}"); // return undefined
2 alert(eval("({})");// return object[Object]

For this kind of writing, in JS, you can see everywhere.

such as: (function () {}) (); Do the closure operation and so on.

1 alert(dataObj.root.length);//输出root的子对象数量
2 $.each(dataObj.root, fucntion(idx, item) {
3     if(idx == 0) {
4         returntrue;
5     }
7     //输出每个root子对象的名称和值
8     alert("name:"+ item.name + ",value:"  + item.value);
9 })

2, for the JSON string returned by the server, if the jquery asynchronous request to the type (typically this configuration property) is set to "JSON", or use the $.getjson () method to get the server back, then the eval () method is not required, Because the result is already a JSON object, just call the object directly, here $.getjson method as an example to illustrate the data processing method:

01 $.getJSON("http://blog.snsgou.com/", {param: "snsgou"}, function(data) {
02     // 此处返回的data已经是json对象
03     // 以下其他操作同第一种情况
04     $.each(data.root, function(index, item) {
05         if(index == 0) {
06             returntrue// 同countinue,返回false同break
07         }
08         alert("name:"+ item.name + ",value:"  + item.value);
09     });
10 });

In particular, it is important to note that the eval () method in mode 1 is the dynamic execution of strings (possibly JS scripts), which can easily cause system security problems. So you can use some third-party client script libraries that circumvent eval (), such as JSON in JavaScript, which provides a script library of no more than 3k.

The second parsing method: Using the Function object to complete, its typical application is in jquery in the Ajax method of success and so on the return data of the parsing

1 varjson=‘{"name":"CJ","age":18}‘;
3 data =(newFunction("""return "  + json))();

The data at this point is the one that will parse into a JSON object.


ECMAScript Function Object (Class)

JS receive JSON summary new Function,eval,new Array

Parsing JSON data using the new function

Extended reading:

A summary of how JavaScript operates JSON, JSON strings converted to JSON objects

Foreigners are also discussing:

Evaluating JSON Strings-eval () vs. new Function ()

JQuery uses (new Function ("return" + data)); Instead of eval (data); To parse JSON, why?

"Recommended" using eval (), new Function () to convert a JSON string to a JSON object

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