Many people find that they often forget things and their efficiency has been decreasing. In the past, they wrote many targeted suggestions from the perspective of time management. Today, let's look at the suggestions that scientists give from the perspective of scientific research, many suggestions can be verified with previous articles.
The following content comes from making the brain free. The author, Dr. John Medina, is a developmental molecular biologist who focuses on Human Brain Development Genes and psychiatric genetic problems.
The most impressive thing in the book is that the more you exercise, the more intelligent your brain is. People who exercise more often have advantages in physiology, psychology, and mood than those who work at their desks for a long time. Lab data presentation and regular exercise can significantly improve the examinee's ability to solve problems, flow intelligence and even memory. Online Entertainment City
Law 1: The more motion, the smarter the brain
- Our brains evolve on foot-12 miles a day!
- Do you want to improve your thinking skills? Let's get started!
- Exercise allows more blood to flow to the brain, bringing rich glucose as energy to the brain, while also bringing harmful electrons left by oxygen absorption. Exercise can also stimulate the generation of protein, prompting neurons to connect to each other.
- If you perform Aerobic Exercise twice a week, you can reduce the risk of normal Alzheimer's disease by half and the risk of Alzheimer's Disease by 60%.
Therefore, if you want to learn better, do not sit in front of your computer, go out for proper exercise, and come back to learn better.
Law 2: the brain has been evolving
- We have not only one brain but three. First, we will introduce the "lizard brain", which controls our breathing. We also have a brain that is the same as the cat's brain. These two brains are covered with a thin layer of ice-like jelly, we call it cortex, which is the third component of the human brain and also a powerful and "unique" human brain.
- The weather breaks down the food supply of our ancestors, and they are forced to jump down from the tree to live on the prairie. Then humans take over the earth by adapting to changes themselves.
- Walking from four legs to two legs standing upright on the prairie saves energy and allows human brains to develop more complex and sophisticated.
- Symbolic reasoning is a unique talent of the brain. This capability may be possible because we need to understand each other's intentions and motivations, and it is possible for humans to collaborate in a small group.
I remember reading this sentence, which probably means that if you don't let your brain touch new things for a long time, it's time to become a dumb.
Law 3: Each brain is different
- What do you do in your daily life, and what you learn will substantially change the way your brain looks-in fact what you learn has been re-shaped into your brain.
- Different areas of the brain develop at different speeds between different people.
- No two brains store the same information in the same location in the same way.
- Many of our smart tables cannot be revealed through IQ tests.
What you learn will reshape your brain. For example, if you study programming hard, your brain will be suitable for programming. If you study music creation, the brain is suitable for the music field. If you are not interested in anything, your brain will become mediocre.
Law 4: the brain does not focus on boring things
- We cannot concentrate on boring things.
- The brain's attention "spotlight" can only be focused on one thing at a time: it cannot be processed in multiple tasks.
- Compared with our memory details, we are better at referencing patterns and refining the meaning of events.
- Emotional call helps the brain to learn.
- The audience will be distracted 10 minutes after the beginning of the lecture, but you can capture their attention by telling stories or creating an emotional event.
That is to say, the brain only pays attention to what it is interested in.
Law 5: Short-term Memory depends on the first few seconds
- The brain has many types of memory systems. There are four consecutive processing stages: encoding, storage, retrieval, and forgetting.
- Information is immediately split into fragments and sent to different areas of the cerebral cortex for storage.
- Most events that can predict whether or not learned things can be remembered in the future occur at the very beginning of learning. The more precisely we encode the memory at the initial moment, the more powerful the memory is.
- If you can copy the environment around you when remembering a thing, you can increase your chances of remembering it.
Initial memory is very important. Many of the things you remember are impressive during the first contact.
Law 6: Long-term Memory depends on regular repetition.
- Most of the memories disappear in a few minutes, but those memories that have passed the weak period gradually increase over time.
- Long-term memory is formed in two-way communication between the hippocampus and the cerebral cortex. It takes several years to complete the process until the hippocampus cut off the connection with the cortex and the memory is fixed in the cortex.
- For reality, the brain only gives us an approximate insight, because it blends new cognition with past memories and stores new knowledge and old memories as one thing.
- A more reliable way to make long-term memory is to gradually input new information into the brain and review it at a fixed interval.
Repetition can effectively reinforce memory. For example, you can close your eyes and write more code.
Law 7: sleeping well, the brain will turn well
- There are two combat forces in the brain that are also composed of cells and chemicals. They are in a state of continuous tension and a force is trying to put you to bed, the other force is trying to keep you awake.
- When you fall asleep, the neurons in the brain show strong rhythm activity. Maybe it is replaying the content you learned during the day.
- How long does it take to sleep, and when to sleep? Everyone is different in this regard, but in the afternoon, everyone can take a nap.
- Lack of sleep can damage the human's attention, execution function, working memory, emotion, mathematical ability, logical reasoning, and even the flexibility of motion.
Everyone knows the importance of sleep. Staying up late will hurt your brain. Don't stay up late.
Law 8: stress can damage your brain
- Your body's defense system immediately responds to severe, short-lived dangers by releasing adrenaline and cortisol, for example, when our ancestors encountered a sword-and-tooth tiger while feeding. Chronic stimuli, such as conflicts in the family, seriously damage our defense system because our defense system was just evolving to deal with short-term stress responses.
- Under a chronic stimulus, adrenaline causes scars on your blood vessels, which can lead to heart attacks or stroke, while cholesterol can damage hippocampus cells and weaken your learning and memory.
- For individuals, the worst stress is that you feel that you have lost control of the problem and are helpless and helpless.
- Emotional Stress has a huge impact on society as a whole, affecting children's learning ability and employees' work efficiency.
Everyone has pressure, but not everyone may have decompression skills.
Law 9: the brain prefers a world with multiple feelings
- We obtain information about an event through senses, translate it into electronic signals (some signals come from vision, some signals come from hearing, and so on), and then send these signals to different areas of the brain, then we re-built what happened, and finally the brain was aware of the whole thing.
- The brain seems to be partly dependent on past experiences to determine how to integrate the information, so two people may have a completely different perception of the same event.
- Our senses are evolved into patterns that need to work together. For example, visual effects on hearing mean that at the same time stimulating various senses may make us better at learning.
- The smell has an unusual power to evoke memory, perhaps because the smell signal bypasses the sub-brain and goes straight to its destination, where it includes the emotional Controller called the almond.
Awakening multiple senses can effectively improve the learning and work efficiency. For example, listening to headphones (preferably Brainwave Music) to write code, the effect is good.
Law 10: vision is the most powerful sensory
- Vision is currently our most important sensory organ, accounting for half of the brain's resources.
- What we see is only what the brain tells us we should see. it is not accurate.
- Our visual analysis involves many steps. The retina assembles the photon into the same information flow as a small movie. The visual cortex processes these information flows, recording actions in some regions, recording colors in some regions, and so on. Finally, we re-integrate the information, so we can see the world outside.
- Pictures allow us to get the best learning and memory, and the written or verbal information cannot do this.
Sometimes this is what you say.
Law 11: the brain also has gender differences
- Men have an X chromosome, and women have two -- one for backup, and the other X chromosome is a "hot spot" in cognition, carrying many genes related to brain structures.
- Female genes are more complex because the Active X chromosome in the cell is a mixture of Mom and Dad. Both male X chromosomes come from mothers, and their Y chromosome carries less than 100 genes, while X chromosome carries 1500 genes.
- The brains of men and women are different in structure and biochemistry, for example, the size of the Men's Almond is large. However, we do not know whether these differences are important.
- The responses to acute stress are different for men and women: women activate the left hemisphere almond and remember the emotional details; men activate the right hemisphere almond and remember the purpose.
Law 12: we are born explorers
- Babies are examples of how to learn. Instead of passively responding to the environment, they explore the surrounding events through positive observation, assumptions, experiments, and summaries.
- A specific part of the brain helps humans form a scientific attitude when exploring the world. The right frontal cortex check of the brain shows errors in our assumptions (for example, "The swordsmanship is not an animal that does not threaten us"), and the area adjacent to it tells us that we should change behavior (run fast ).
- Because of the existence of "image neurons", we can identify and imitate certain behaviors, and image neurons are distributed in various parts of the brain.
- Some areas of the adult brain are plastic like babies, so we can produce new neurons that allow us to learn new things throughout our life.
The brain is fond of new things. New things can make the brain more flexible, so we should not stop letting the brain explore because of Our laziness.
Reading brain science helps you significantly improve efficiency