Regular Expressions in javascript and php

Source: Internet
Author: User
Tags preg
Regular: varsubStrstrreplace (regstr, & 039; & 039;); returns the replaced character seek without changing the original string; if you do not need regular expressions, you can only Replace the first matched character; varsubStrstrmatch (reg); returns the matched string.

Regular Expression:

Var subStr = str. replace (reg/str, ''); returns the replaced character seek without changing the original string; if regular expressions are not used, only the first matched character can be replaced;

Var subStr = str. match (reg); returns the matched string. If no global match is specified, only match the first character, which is generally used with the regular expression;

Var bool = reg. test (str) ;==>Check whether the regular expression matches the Regular Expression in str.,

Var Int= Str. search (reg/str );Returns the first occurrence location of the reg/str to be searched.,No response found-1;Search for small strings in large strings;It can be used with the match, but global match does not work, because only the position of the first matched character is returned;

Var subStr = str. charAt (int)Returns a character at the specified position;

Var subStr = str. sbustring (start, [end]);Does not include the end bit;

Var subStr = str. substr (start, length );

Var arr = str. split ('delimiter'); The default value is comma;


* *** The most important use of regular-compatible str functions and regular expressions is that Fuzzy Matching and global matching can be used. If you only search for a single string, you do not need to use regular expressions;

1 str. split (preg) ==> separates str into an Array Based on the Content matched by a regular expression. Note that if a subexpression exists, in addition to the overall regular expression, it is also separated by a subexpression, when using the split function, it is best not to use a regular expression;

Test code:

Var str = 'aabbccddaabbccdd ';

Var preg =/aa/g;

Var res = str. split (preg );

// Alert (res. constructor); // function Array;

2Str. Match (preg) =>Returns an array.;

Test code:

Var str = 'aabbccddaabbccdd ';

Var preg =/aa/g;

Var a = str. match (preg );

// Alert (a. constructor); // function Array;

// Alert (a. length); // 2;

// Alert (a); // aa, aa

3 str. search

Var str = 'aabbccddaabbccdd ';

Var preg =/aa/g;

Var res = str. search (preg );

// Alert (res. constructor); // function Number; global match does not work;

// Alert (res); // 0: The first matched position is not found.-1 is returned;

4str. replace;

Var str = 'aabbccddaabbccdd ';

Var preg =/aa/g;

Var res = str. replace (preg ,'*');

Alert (res); // * bbccdd;

// Search for aabbcc and replace bb *

Var res1 = str. replace (preg, '$1*$2 ');

Alert (res1); // aa * ccddaa * ccdd;

Regular Functions;

1 test;

VarBool = preg. test (str );

2 exec

Preg.exe c (str); // jsThe most powerful regular functions;


Var str = 'aabbccddaabbccdd ';

Var preg =/aa (bb)/g;

Var reselect preg.exe c (str );

// Alert (res); // aabb, aa; // The returned result is an array. The res [0] of this array is the whole of the regular match, followed by a matched subexpression. When fuzzy match is performed on a string, the returned results can be used to determine the exact match;

// In js, everything is an object. The returned array contains two attributes: index and input;

// Alert (res. index); // 0 returns the offset;

// Alert (res. input); // return str for aabbccddaabbccdd;

// Var reselect preg.exe c (str );

// Var res1‑preg.exe c (str );

// Alert (res. index); // 0 // This is similar to the function mysql_fetch_assoc (res) used to obtain mysql resources in php. You can use a while statement to print all globally matched information;

// Alert (res1.index); // 8

Finally, let's try again.;Retrieve all information;

Var str = 'aabbccddaabbccdd ';

Var preg =/aa (bb)/g;

While(res=preg.exe c (str )){

For (key in res ){

Document. write (key + '=' + res [key] +'



0 = aabb

1 = bb

Index = 0

Input = aabbccddaabbccdd

0 = aabb

1 = bb

Index = 8

Input = aabbccddaabbccdd

Case-sensitive Regular Expressions;

I. case insensitive;

Js regular object RegExp,Includes some attributes,Such as the matching mode I m g s;

Demo var reg =/^ \S+ | \ S + $/Img; reg. source = return^ \S+ | \ S + $

Reg. Global =>Returns true.==> (Because the created reg object specifies global matching)

/^ \S+ | \ S + $/g ==>Space at the beginning and end of the row;

/^ \ S $/mg; ==> matches empty rows;

| Or note:/a | B | c/=/[abc]/;

The first usage of square brackets [] is the first usage ==> or

The second use [a-z] range => indicates one in the azimuth;

Method 3 ^ put in square brackets [^] to indicate inverse;

[\ U4e00-\ u9fa5] ==> match Chinese characters;

To match a single Chinese character, you can check the Chinese unicode hexadecimal encoding;

^Beginning of Line

$ End of line

\ B: the boundary character of the word must start or end with a space or a comma;

\ B word non-Boundary

[^]Except XXX;

.Represents any character

+Representative{1,N}Same as the preceding characters.

\ DDigital

\ D [^ 0-9] is opposite to \ d

\W[0-9a-zA-Z _] word

\W [^ 0-9a-zA-Z _] Note/[a-zA-Z _]/==/ [a-z]/ig;

\ S space

\S Characters except spaces;

\ SS matches all non-null characters

{N, m}

{N ,}

{, M}


{1 ,}=> +

{0 ,}=> *

{0, 1 }=>Appears0Time or once

Multiline Mode M(Each line of a large string is treated as a start and end. If you do not use the multiline mode, no matter how many lines there are, the positive string has only one start and one end.);


Replace the character at the end of each line #;

Single Row Mode(In php, if the regular expression match mode is set to single-line mode, that is, the (point). metacharacters represent any character, including line breaks;)--Purpose,If a line break exists between the characters to be matched,The dot metacharacters cannot be matched, resulting in no matching results.

In js, the single-line mode is not supported. You can use a pair of negative characters to replace the single-line mode;

Pre-query (assertion) ==> pre-query characters are not included in the results,

Backward pre-query (assertion) (pre-judge whether the previous value is a set value) syntax==>(? = Xxx );

Or (pre-determine whether the previous value is not a specific value) syntax => (?! Xxx );

1 // search for the root of a word ending with ing/\ B \ w +? (? = Ing \ B)/ig; // the word itself contains ing, but the returned result is the part after ing;

Var preg =/\ bwin (? = Xp \ B) xp \ B /;//To include the preference Section,Add the pre-check content after the pre-check;

2 // search for words starting with win and not win95;

Var str = 'winxp winstart win95 win2003 ';

Var preg =/\ bwin (?! 95) \ w +? \ B/ig;

Var str1 = str. match (preg );

Alert (str1); // winxp winstart win2003

3 // find the root of the word starting with "un":

VarStr = 'Happy unknown happy undo ';

Var preg =/\ B (? = Un) \ w +? \ B/gi;

Var str1 = str. match (preg );

Alert (str1); // happy known do

Forward pre-check (assertion): (js is not supported currently) php (supported );

Reverse reference subexpression:

(? : Pattern) matches pattern but does not get the matching result. That is to say, this is a non-get match and is not stored for future use;

Use \ 1, \ 2 \ 3... in the regular expression ........ \ N reference;

$1, $2 ,..... $ N reference;

Perfect getByClass

Function getByClass (oParent,ClassName){

Var aEle = oParent. getElementsByTgeName ('*');

VarAResult = [];

Var reg =/\ B + className \ B +/

Var I = 0;

For (I; I

If (reg. test (aEle [I]. className )){

AResult. push (aEle [I]);



Return aResult;


PhpRegular;The regular expression syntax of php is almost the same as that of js, but the regular expression functions are different.

// Php regular functions;

Replace the array with regular expressions;

1: array preg_grep (string $ pattern, array $ input [, int $ flags = 0]);

The third optional parameter $ flag has only one value, PREG_GREP_INVERT. If this parameter is specified, no matching array elements are returned (I .e., inverse );

Regular Expression matching;

2 int preg_match (string $ pattern, string $ subject [, array & $ matches])

The third optional parameter stores the matched string (one-dimensional array). It is best not to use the next two parameters. If 4th optional parameters are used, the number of digits of the array increases;

Return value. If the matching succeeds, 1 is returned. If no matching result is returned, 0 is returned;

3int preg_match_all (string $ pattern, string $ subject [, array & $ matches]);

Parameters and usage are the same as preg_match;

Return value, which matches the number of times matched; if no match is returned, 0 is returned;

4. Regular Expression replacement;

Mixed preg_replace (mixed $ pattern, mixed $ replacement, mixed $ subject [, int $ limit =-1)

This function is replaced globally by default (-1). If you do not want to replace all functions, you can specify the number of replacement times for the fourth optional parameter;

5. Regular Segmentation

Array preg_split (string $ pattern, string $ subject [, int $ limit =-1]);

This function returns an array. The fourth optional parameter specifies the maximum length of the array to be returned (this parameter can be used to segment the string randomly );

6. Escape special characters;

String preg_quote (string $ str [, string $ delimiter = NULL]);

This function adds a backslash to the special characters passed in the $ strcan parameter that have special meanings in the real world. The second optional parameter can be used to specify any character to be escaped; this function can be used with the previous regular functions to exert greater power;


$ Keywords = '$40 for a g3/100 ';

$ Keywords = preg_quote ($ keywords ,'/');

Echo $ keywords; // returns \40 40 for a g3 \/400


$ Textbody = "This book is * very * difficult to find .";

$ Word = "* very *";

$ Textbody = preg_replace ("/". preg_quote ($ word )."/",

"". $ Word ."",

$ Textbody );

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