Shell Programming Test Command

Source: Internet
Author: User
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The testing Test command in shell programming can basically be divided into 3 data types, each of which is different. Individuals are more inclined to understand the rules of writing conditional statements, that is, test plus conditional plus judgment statement.

1 Numeric types

Basic can be divided into 6 judgments:-eq equals,-ne not equal to,-gt greater than,-lt less than,-ge greater than equals,-le less than equals

Example: a=1;b=2

if test $[a]-eq $[b] #如果a等于b, then ...,-NE,-GT,, and so on can, in addition, if not a formula, you can not add square brackets, $a + $b


echo "A=b" #缩进4个4个都行, habitually indented 4


echo "A!=b"

PS: Formulas are written in two ways: $[a + b] and ' expr $a + $b '

2 string

There are 4 judgments: =,! =,-Z (length 0) and-n (length not 0)

Example: astr= ' hehehehe '; Bstr= ' Hahahaha '

if test $astr = $bstr


echo "ASTR = BSTR"


echo "Astr!=bstr"


3 File Test

Basically there are 9 commonly used parameters, the basic format is Test + parameter + filename, the parameters are:

-e:exists, there is such a file;

-r:readable, the document is readable;

-w:writable, a document that can be written;

-X: The file is executable,

-S: exists and is not empty

-d:directory, Existence directory

-f:file, exists and is an ordinary file,

C: File exists and is a special file of character #这个地方怎么理解呢, can be associated with the first character of the LS command : '-' represents a file. D is the directory,l represents the connection file,b represents the storage interface device in the device file,C represents the serial port settings inside the device file. Https://  



                If test-f/etc/passwd        #此处可以结合与或非逻辑语句: Shaped like if test - e ./notfile -o -e ./ bash indicates presence./notfile or./bash


echo "Yes"


echo "No"


Shell Programming Test Command

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