Shell's basic concepts and variable types

Source: Internet
Author: User

Static languages: Compiled languages are converted into executable formats in advance
Strongly typed (variable)
Key words:
C C + + JAVA C #

Dynamic language: Interpreted language on the fly
Weak type
Edge Interpretation Side Execution
ASP. NET Shell PHP Python perl
Process oriented
Object oriented

variables: Memory space, naming

Variable type: Determine the storage format and length of the data in advance
Integral type
floating point type: 11,23
integral type: 8bit
0-255 Overflow--Buffer overflow

Boolean type: 0,1
logical operations: with, or, non, XOR, or
1: True
0: Fake


non: Take counter
! true = False
! false = True

Shell: Weak type

Strong: Variables must be declared before they are used, or even initialized
Weak: variable time declaration, not even type-sensitive

Bash Variable type:
Environment variables
Local variables (local variables)
Positional variables
Special variables

Local Variables:
Set Varname=value: Scope entire bash process

Local Variables:
Local Varname=value: Scope is the current code snippet

Environment variables:Scope is the current shell process and its child processes
Export Varname=value

The script starts a child shell process when it executes
Scripts that are started on the command line inherit the current shell environment variable:
Scripts that are automatically executed by the system (not command-line startup) require a self-defined environment variable:

Positional variables:

Special variables:
$?: previous command execution status return value:
After the program executes, there may be two types of return values
Program execution Results
Program Status return codes (0-255)
0: Correct execution
1-255: Error execution. 1,2,127 System Reservation
Output redirection:

/dev/null: Software device bit bucket data black hole

Reference variable:${varname} {} can sometimes be omitted

undo Variable

To view variables in the current shell:

To view environment variables in the current shell:
Special variables, positional variables cannot be viewed

Script: Command stack, according to the actual need to combine the command flow control mechanism to implement the source program

Shebang: Magic number
#注释行, do not perform

Shell's basic concepts and variable types

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