Slash in Python

Source: Internet
Author: User
First, the "/" left tilt is a forward slash, "\" Right tilt is a backslash, can be remembered as: Division sign is a forward slash generally for directory separators, UNIX and the web with a forward slash/,windows with backslashes, but now windows

(i) the slashes in the catalogue

Python reads the directory parameters that the file needs to enter, listing the following examples:

Path = r "C:\Windows\temp\readme.txt"

path1 = r "C:\windows\temp\readme.txt"

path2 = "C:\\windows\\temp\\readme.txt"

Path3 = "C:/windows/temp/readme.txt"

Open file functions The arguments in the open () can be either path or path1, path2, Path3.

Path: "\" is a special character in a string, and R becomes the original string without string escaping for "\ t", "\ R" in the string

Path1: Case does not affect Windows targeting to files

Path2: Use a "\" to cancel the second "\" of the special escape function, that is "\ \"

Path3: Using a forward slash to do a directory separator can also go to the corresponding directory, and the way to path3 in Python also eliminates the anti-slash \ Escape annoyance

(ii) the slashes in regular expressions

The regular expression matches the backslash "\", Why is "\\\\" or r "\ \"?

Because in the regular expression \ is a special symbol, in order to cancel its special meaning in the regular expression needs to add a \ to become the \ \, but the problem comes again, \ is a special character in the string, so we have to separate the two \ Cancel its special meaning, that is \\\\. There is a primitive string operator in Python that is used for special characters in those strings, with no escaped characters in the original string and no printing. This allows you to cancel the escape function in the string, which is r "\ \".

The above is a small series to introduce you to the Python left Slash, right slash (forward slash and backslash), I hope to help you, if you have any questions please give me a message, small series will promptly reply to everyone. Thank you very much for your support for!

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