Some examples of PHP mutable functions

Source: Internet
Author: User
PHP supports the concept of mutable functions. This means that if a variable name has parentheses after it, PHP will look for a function with the same name as the value of the variable and try to execute it. Variable functions can be used to implement some purposes, including callback functions, function tables, and so on.

Mutable functions cannot be used for examples such as ECHO, Print, unset (), Isset (), empty (), include, require, and similar language constructs. These structures need to be used as mutable functions using their own wrapper functions.

Example #1 Variable Function example

<?phpfunction  foo () {    echo  "in foo () <br/>\n";} function  Bar ($arg  = "  ) {    echo" in  bar (); argument is ' $arg '. <br/>\n ";} Use Echo's wrapper function  Echoit ($string) {    echo  $string;} $func  =  ' foo '; $func ();         This calls foo () $func  =  ' bar '; $func (' Test ');   This calls bar () $func  =  ' Echoit '; $func (' Test ');   This calls Echoit ()?>

You can also use the syntax of a mutable function to invoke a method of an object.

Example #2 Variable Method Example

<?phpclass  foo{    function  Variable ()    {         $name  =  ' Bar ';         $this $name ();  This calls the bar () method     }    function  Bar ()    {        echo  ' this is Bar ';    }} $foo  = new  foo (); $funcname  =  "Variable"; $foo-$funcname ();    This calls $foo->variable ()?>

When a static method is called, the function call takes precedence over the static property:

Example #3 Variable methods and static properties examples

<?phpclass  foo{    static  $variable  =  ' static property ';    static function  Variable ()    {        echo  ' Method Variable called ';    }} Echo  Foo:: $variable;  This prints ' static property '. It does need a $variable in this scope. $variable  =  "variable"; Foo:: $variable ();   This calls $foo->variable () reading $variable the This scope. >
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