Template, PHPLIB processing method 1 _ PHP Tutorial

Source: Internet
Author: User
Template, PHPLIB processing method 1. If you want to know what Templates are, first take a look at the wonderful article "Templates-why and how to use them in PHP3 (Templates-whyandhowtousethemin if you want to know what Templates are, first, let's take a look at the first few paragraphs of Sascha Schumann's wonderful article Templates-why and how to use them in PHP3.
In general, templates allow you to completely separate your PHP code from HTML, which makes HTML graphic designers very happy and prevents them from losing your valuable design.
It is not FastTemplates
So, do we really need another article about the template on PHPBuilder? Well, yes, because there are more than one method to implement the template using PHP. Sascha's article describes how to use FastTEmplates, but the PHP Basic Class Library ("PHPLIB") has its own template implementation.
What are their differences? FastTemplates was originally transformed from a Perl library. FastTemplates works well for Perl programs, but is not ideal for PHP. Kristian Koehntopp has compiled the PHPLIB template from scratch. as a pure PHP library, it provides PHP advantages better. One of the advantages is that Kristian's design uses preg_replace () to analyze the template, which is said to be faster than ereg_replace () in FastTemplate. Another benefit of the PHPLIB template is that it allows dynamic block implementations to be nested, unlike FastTemplates.
Both databases have very similar features and capabilities, but if you have already used FastTemplates and want to learn how to use the PHPLIB template, you should forget everything you know about FastTemplates. Their features may be similar, but the PHPLIB template does nothing different than FastTemplates.
Use PHPLIB Template
Let's start with a simple example. Assume that there is a template named MyTemplate under/home/mydir/mytemplates/. it has some text and the content may be:
Congratulations! You won a {some_color} Honda Prelude!
Note that "{some_color}" is surrounded by braces. Braces indicate that some_color is a template variable. We may want to write a script that can load the template, insert the PHP variable $ my_color value in the {some_color} template variable, and then output new text.

If $ my_color happens to be set to "blue", the final output may be:
Congratulations! You win a new blue Honda Prelude!
The following is the PHP script for the above results:
Include "template. inc ";
$ My_color = "blue ";
// Will be used later
$ T = new Template ("/home/mydir/mytemplates /");
// Create a template object named $ t
$ T-> set_file ("MyFileHandle", "MyTemplate. ihtml ");
// Set MyFileHandle = our template file
$ T-> set_var ("some_color", $ my_color );
// Set the template variable some_color = $ my_color.
$ T-> parse ("MyOutput", "MyFileHandle ");
// Set the template variable MyOutput = the analyzed file
$ T-> p ("MyOutput ");
// Output the value of MyOutput (the data after analysis)
?> --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The first line is an include Command to provide the PHPLIB template function. Of course, PHPLIB does more than the template, but if you only want to use the template features, you only need to include tmplate. inc (template. inc is one of the files from PHPLIB ). The PHPLIB template uses object-oriented programming, so the next thing is to create a template object. Code Create a new template object $ t. This $ t object is a handle that will be used to process all template functions for other code in the PHP script. If you want to, you may create other template objects (each with its own template variable namespace), but one is enough. The path ("/home/mydir/mytemplates/") in the template constructor call is used to set the root directory where your template is located, but if you do not set it, by default, it will be the same as the directory where your PHP script is located.
Then, we call set_file () to define a handle named "MyFileHandle" to link it with MyTemplate. ihtml (the template will not actually be loaded before parse () is called ). By the way, the file name suffix of the PHPLIB template is. ihtml. you can use .html,. tpl, or other suffixes. Call set_var () to set the value of the template variable some_color to $ my_color (the value is "blue "), this means that all the places where {some_color} appears in the template will be replaced by the word "blue", once we call parse ().
Next we call parse (), which loads MyFileHandle (MyTemplate. ihtml) for analysis, and replace all template variables ("{a variable}") with the value of the template variable, the analysis results are placed in MyOutput. No results will be output to the web server, unless p ("MyOutput") is called, it will output the last analyzed text.

Templates-why and how to use them in PHP3 (Templates-why and how to use them in...

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