The exploration and practice of Wiki

Source: Internet
Author: User
Tags wiki platform

The wiki site emphasizes teamwork, which provides us with a good collaborative environment. There is no concept of copyright, information and knowledge is no longer a one-way from the authoritative top-down distribution, but completely multi-directional exchanges, the role of the center and around the reversal at any time, knowledge is the result of interaction, negotiation, sound noise, wiki site's reading and writing ecology and knowledge is a thorough end of the post-modern cultural concept.

In fact, we can also think of it as a community of practice, where you can post and discuss the issues you find, because there are other people working together, you can get a group of applied knowledge, and not like BBS as the thrust of loose and unstructured because of its openness, The features of collaboration and simplicity are widely used in education and teaching, but some of them are still being explored.

A The significance of wikis in education:

(a) as a source of education and teaching information

As the current multimedia classroom with the traditional "Blackboard + chalk" Classroom has a wealth of information, capacity and other characteristics, which led to the students in the lectures and notes between the contradiction, often they can not concurrently.

This contradiction can be solved by posting the content of teaching information on the wiki site.

Wiki as a simple W-eb site, from the role of the general education site as a source of educational information. A variety of teaching resources, such as handouts, essays, e-textbooks, image materials, etc., can be added and allowed to be modified, perfected, and extended by anyone, so that the wiki site becomes a rich source of educational information to accumulate resources in the field. If we play the role of Wiki community participation and update rapidly, the establishment of various educational wiki sites--rich and sophisticated and growing educational information sources, will greatly fill the shortage of online education and teaching resources.

(ii) as an environment for teachers and students to learn and communicate online, collaborate and create problems

Using the wiki to provide the environment, we can build a platform for online communication and communication, on this platform to complete the dissemination of information (such as curriculum, the publication of the course content), the planning of related activities and the accumulation of relevant expertise and so on. This is conducive to class emotional exchange and the formation of a good class culture.

The use of wikis can facilitate communication between teachers and students, teachers can put the teaching plan, teaching content, comments on students to the wiki, students can be based on their own ideas to add, modify and delete. As the wiki has a historical recovery function, teachers can not control the authority, as far as possible to allow students to participate without restriction, to achieve a truly equal teacher-student interaction state.

At the same time, students ' homework and reading notes can also be placed on wikis, and teachers can review, correct and attach comments directly on the wiki.

(iii) As a tool for the construction of curricula and disciplines

For those who teach a wide range of courses, the teaching staff of the basic curriculum, through the wiki can gather each person's length, by the teachers together to improve the curriculum content and related teaching resources, so that the whole course of resources more substantial, more detailed content.

In addition, we use wikis to classify teachers ' research results or outstanding educational resources, while teachers are more targeted when conducting research activities. The unique advantages of wikis, together with the participation of each teacher, enable the whole discipline to be built. The success stories in this area include the educational Technology encyclopedia, which is a platform built by Beijing Normal University to construct educational technology disciplines.

In order to adapt to the new requirements, teachers must constantly expand their knowledge, use various resources, work and study in other disciplines and fields, and other disciplines and even other fields and geography of teachers to dialogue, exchange and cooperation. The use of tools such as wikis can serve as an effective tool for teachers to share and communicate interdisciplinary knowledge.

(iv) thesis collaborative writing: Distributed learning

The application of wiki in composition teaching can effectively stimulate students ' writing enthusiasm, which not only shows the intense interest in external learning, but also reflects the strong motivation of internal learning, because the wiki can give students a language to express their feelings, sense of belonging and sense of accomplishment. At the same time, the wiki breaks the limitation of the traditional composition communication, the interaction between teachers and students, the sharing has reached an unprecedented degree, the scope of the composition guidance, the amount of information exchanged has increased significantly, thus promoting the learning The overall improvement of the level of students ' composition. A more typical example is, the East line in Wikipedia on the wiki as a collaborative platform for the study of the experiment, the undergraduate dissertation collaboration framework on the wiki platform, to give full play to the wiki's easy to modify and timely storage of the advantages of a fair, open, shared wiki culture essence. In a new open environment with students and teachers across the country to discuss the graduation thesis, sharing inspiration and wisdom, the final completion of the thesis, open up a model of open writing paper.

(v) Thematic resource building

Subject resource Construction is a systematic project, it is impossible to be completed by individual, but need group (a class, a school, a region, etc.) collaborative work, the different individuals in the group need to undertake different tasks, wiki technology to meet the needs of group work together. Because wikis are web-based, multi-person collaborative writing tools, wiki sites can be maintained by multiple people (or even any visitor), and everyone can express their opinions or expand or explore common themes.

(vi) Research on the construction strategy of special Learning website

The original wiki featured website page, by the professional knowledge teacher and the network management teacher according to the school-based curriculum development, the research study and so on the need to write the design, constructs a clear-cut, the theme vivid directory structure, guides the learner unceasingly expands these related knowledge, makes the content detailed, the article fine Of.  In the subject study, teachers can more accurately grasp the student's research dynamics, research process, in the co-construction, with equal status to participate in, in the process of research, to give timely, appropriate When the inspiration, guidance, to promote student autonomy, explore the process of learning is not lost, to ensure that learning in the right direction smoothly.

Wiki featured websites make learning evaluation more diversified. The learning evaluation runs through the whole process of learning, emphasizing the learners ' performance and attitude in the course of learning, especially the progress and change of innovation ability and practical ability.

The evaluation Learners ' information literacy is applied to the problem's ability of presenting and solving the problem, and the cultivation of the innovative spirit is emphasized.

(vii) A probe into the problem-cooperative teaching mode

As a problem-solving tool for collaborative learning in network environment, wikis are mainly used to provide a platform for learners to solve problems, and the specific functions can be summarized as follows:

1. Learners can make their own opinions comprehensively and rationally by referring to the opinions of others.

2. Show the whole dynamic process of problem solving, and help teachers to supervise and supervise;

3. To show the accumulation and integration of knowledge in the process of problem solving;

4. A content platform that provides learners with a full stream of text.

At the beginning of the contact with the wiki, because it is a new thing, students and teachers will have a great deal of interest and curiosity, the use of this mode of teaching will be very people to improve the efficiency of education and learning. However, after a period of time, the students ' freshness will disappear, learning efficiency is reduced, this time will need the help of teachers, to improve students ' interest in learning, such as raising the students ' lives close to the problem, some of the students ' vital interests related issues.

Wiki is easy to operate, open, share and create the characteristics of the rapid development, its application in the field of education can promote people to share knowledge, stimulate knowledge innovation, training information processing capacity and collaboration ability.

Two My Wiki Practice:

1. In a wiki-like tool (such as: Baidu Encyclopedia, Sogou Encyclopedia) Search related terms, find relevant information about the term;

2. Create a related term that you do not have on the network that you want to edit or understand;

3. For the entry that you want to add or modify information, click "Edit Entry" to enter the entry editor.

Three Search the wiki for "web2.0 and its technologies"

Web2.0 is a new era relative to the Web1.0. Refers to a web-based platform, the user-led content of the Internet product model, in order to distinguish between the traditional Web site employee-led generated content defined as the second generation of the Internet, that is web2.0.

Web2.0 more attention to user interaction, users are both the site content of the browser, but also the site content manufacturers. The so-called website content maker is that every user on the Internet is no longer just the reader of the Internet, but also the author of the internet, no longer just surf the web, but also become a wave maker, in the pattern from the simple "read" to "write" and "co-construction" development By passively receiving Internet information to actively create the development of Internet information, thus more humane.

WEB 2.0 can be said to be the development of information technology to bring about the future of the network revolution, people-oriented Innovation 2.0 model in the field of the typical embodiment of the Internet, is a professional weaving network to all users to participate in the innovation of the network of the democratization process of vivid annotation.

Web2.0, open, and shared as distinct features:

1. User sharing. In Web2.0 mode, it is possible to share ideas without time or geographical constraints. Users can get the information they need, and they can publish their own ideas.

2. Aggregation of information. Information is constantly accumulating on the web and will not be lost.

3. Communities with an interest as an aggregation point. In the Web2.0 model, a group of people who are interested in one or some of the problems can be said to have produced market segments.

4. Open platform, active users. The platform is open to users, and users maintain a higher level of loyalty because of their interests, and they are actively involved.

web2.0 features

(1) Many people participate, users participate in website content manufacturing.

Web1.0, Internet content is customized by a few editors (or webmasters), such as portals, while in Web2.0, information is provided jointly by institutions and individuals.

and web1.0 website one-way information distribution model, web2.0 site content is usually published by users, so that users are both the site content of the browser is also the site content manufacturers, which means that the web2.0 site to provide users with more opportunities to participate, such as blog sites and wikis are typical user-created content of the guiding ideology , while tag technology (User Settings tab) gives the user the information classification work in the traditional Web site directly to the users.

(2) Man is the soul

In the new era of the Internet, information is contributed by everyone, and individuals together constitute the source of Internet information. The soul of Web2.0 is human.

(3) Readable and writable Internet, web2.0 more attention to interactivity

In Web1.0, the Internet is "reading Internet", while Web2.0 is "writable and readable Internet". Not only does the user interact with the Web server during the publishing process, but it also enables interaction between different users of the same site and information between different sites.

The manifestation of the aspect is a variety of micro-blog, photo albums, user participation is stronger.

(4) Web-compliant website design.

Web standards are internationally promoted web standards, commonly referred to as Web standards generally refers to the construction of the site using XHTML-based web design language, in fact, the Web standards are not a certain standard, but a series of standard collections. The typical application pattern in web standards is "css+xhtml", which abandons the form-locating method in HTML4.0, and one of the advantages is the website design code specification, and reduces the amount of code, reduces the waste of network bandwidth resources, and speeds up the website access speed. More importantly, web-compliant websites are more user-friendly and search engines.

(5) There is no absolute boundary between the web2.0 website and the web1.0.

Web2.0 technology can be used as a tool for web1.0 Web sites, and some sites that were born before the web2.0 concept also have web2.0 features, such as the free information distribution of business-to-commerce websites and the content of web community sites from users.

(6) The core of web2.0 is not the technology but the guiding ideology.

Web2.0 has some typical techniques, but technology is the means to achieve some purpose. Web2.0 technology itself is not the core of web2.0 website, it is important that the typical web2.0 technology embodies the application pattern with web2.0 characteristics. Therefore, web2.0 is not so much the innovation of Internet technology as the revolution of the guiding ideology of Internet application.

(7) web2.0 is an Internet concept and the upgrading of ideology, from the original top-down by a small number of resource control dominated by the Internet system, transformed into a bottom-up by the vast number of users of collective wisdom and power-dominated Internet system.

Web2.0 the Elements

WEB2.0 contains the services we often use, with BBS and blog as the main representative, "one-to-many" and "many-to-many" mode of communication coexist. For example, RSS, blogs, podcasts, wikis, peer-download, social bookmarking, SNS, community, shared services, and more. Blog is a very important element in Web2.0, because it breaks the information monopoly of portal website, in the future, the status of blog will be more important.

Web2.0 is actually an extension of the Web1.0 information source, making it diverse and personalized. At the same time, Web2.0 is characterized by interactive communication, which is more vague on the information.

web2.0 Technology

The description of the Web2.0 concept, usually using the typical Web2.0 website case introduction, coupled with some Web2.0 related technology interpretation, these Web2.0 technology mainly include: blog (blog), RSS, Encyclopedia (Wiki), Web pick, social network (SNS), peer-to, Instant messaging (IM), question-and-answer network community (ASK), and more.

The following is a brief introduction to Web2.0-related technologies Log

The full name of the blog should be the Web log, later abbreviated as a blog. Blogging is an easy-to-use site where you can quickly post ideas, communicate with others, and engage in other activities. All of this is free.


RSS is a technique that a site uses to share content with other sites (also known as aggregated content). The technology originally derived from the browser "news channel" is often used for news and other sequential sites, such as blogs.

Wiki: A multi-person collaborative writing tool. Wiki sites can be maintained by multiple people (or even any visitor), and everyone can express their opinions or expand or explore common themes.

A wiki refers to a hyper-text system. This hypertext system supports community-oriented collaborative writing, and also includes a set of assistive tools to support this writing. Some people think that the wiki system belongs to a human knowledge grid system, we can browse, create, change the wiki text on the basis of the web, and the cost of creating, changing, publishing is much smaller than the HTML text, and the wiki system supports community-oriented collaborative writing. Provide the necessary assistance for collaborative writing; Finally, the wiki writers naturally form a community, and the wiki system provides a simple communication tool for the community. Wikis are easy to use and open when compared to other hypertext systems, so Wiki systems can help us share knowledge within a community.

The exploration and practice of Wiki

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