The network features of Windows 7 systems are further enhanced than XP and are relatively clear to use. But because of doing a lot of surface optimization work, make the bottom of the network settings for the people who are accustomed to XP system has become very uncomfortable, where the formation of the LAN is a very big problem. The default installation system does not only share access to Windows 7 systems in the same group, but the most troubling problem is that XP system computers in the group are more difficult to exchange.
In response to this problem, collected from the network some of this information, combined with their own during the debugging process, through the following steps to basically solve the XP and Windows 7 LAN sharing settings.
One: Necessary point
1, need to be administrator rights account
2. All computers in the network must be in the same IP segment, for example, 192.168.1.X (2≤x≤255)
3, all the computers in the network must be in the same working group, such as all in the workgroup group
4, all the computer network to open the Guest account, the default account name is: Guest.
5, close any third party firewall software, or make some related settings (very important). A firewall with Windows on its own. If you don't turn it off, you'll need to make some settings. Open Windows Firewall---exception---Check file and printer Sharing---determine---save. XP system, in the General tab, remove the tick before the exception is not allowed.
6, all network access to the operating system of the computer must have the correct permissions set (this is the focus)
7, XP, refers to the Windows XP Professional version. Some of the methods described therein do not apply to Windows XP home Edition.
8, Windows 7, refers to Windows 7. Different versions of Windows 7 may have some differences. If you're using the Home Basic version, don't look down, because Home Basic doesn't provide file sharing.
Second: must open the service
Right-click My Computer or computer-manage----services and applications, open the service or open the run with win+r---Enter services.msc carriage return, open the service settings
Select the startup type for the following services as automatic and ensure that the service status is started
Remote Procedure Call
Remote Procedure Call (RPC) Locator
Function Discovery Resource Publication
UPnP Device Host
TIP/IP Netbioshelper//This is very important, other conditions even if all satisfied, without this also not.
Three: Basic settings
XP LAN to download a key share, according to the operation set inside, restart can be.
XP system file Sharing: Right-click the folder you want to share, select sharing and security, and check the share of the folder on the network.
B:windows 7 System:
1. Network and Sharing Center---Click the custom---on the right side of the network to set the network type as a private network
2. Sharing and discovery---Enable network discovery, file sharing, and printer sharing. Password-protected shares can be set to off.
3. Cross-operating system printer sharing involves driver issues, and it is recommended that you do not share printers across the operating system to avoid problems.
4. Access Policy settings
Open the run---with win+r enter secpol.msc carriage return, turn on local security settings
Security settings----Local policy----security options
Account: A local account with a blank password is allowed only for console logons and is set to disabled.
This option is enabled by default. This is a crucial step, because many people's computers are not password-coded. If your current account does not have a password, only the console is allowed to log in, and you cannot access it through your Network Neighborhood (XP) or the Web (Vista). So you need to disable it here.
Network access: Do not allow anonymous enumeration of SAM accounts and shares], set to disabled.
This option is disabled by default. Windows allows anonymous users to perform certain activities, such as enumerating the names of domain accounts and network shares. This provides convenience and also poses a potential risk. Some versions of the system, such as the GHOSTXP computer company version, are set to be enabled for security reasons, but other computers on the LAN will not be able to see what you are sharing.
Network access: The sharing and security model for local accounts, set to guest only.
This option defaults to [Classic] for computers that are joined to a domain, and defaults to guest only for stand-alone computers. This is a shared security accessibility option. Computers within a small LAN are trusted to each other and do not have an illegal access problem, and the guest-only approach is recommended for convenience. The use of Classic mode to better delimit the access to shared resources, for a slightly larger LAN, in order to prevent the sharing of resources are illegal access, you can use this approach.
Security Settings---Local Policy---user rights Assignment
Access this computer from the network: see if there is a native guest account that is guest, and if not, add it.
Deny access to this computer from the network: see if there is a native Guest account name, if any, delete it.
5. Windows 7 System file sharing settings
Folder Right---Share---Select the user you want to share with---Click on the small black triangle arrow---Select---Everyone (all users in this list) in the Drop-down menu.
Note: Folders that are shared before the above settings may need to be shared again before they can be accessed properly. For example, the previous use of Classic mode shared the folder, only guest mode after the access will be an error, prompted no permissions. The solution is to first cancel the sharing, and then share again.
PS: Firewall does not need to shut down, after all, root-sharing is not open hackers! Security is still important, and in the enjoyment of sharing, can not discard security.
Firewalls just set open ports 139 and 445 of the TCP port, as well as 137 and 138 of the UDP port can be.
In addition, in the service, ensure that the TCP/IP Netbioshelper service is automatic Yes, but does not mean that this feature is enabled under WINS, must also get the TCP/IP settings for the network card, the NetBIOS enabled hook on TCP/IP is turned on in wins, That's really going to take effect! Not this stuff, even if all the work in front of the home, or not easy to pass! Even if the occasional pass, but also temporary pass, and sometimes pass, all definitely, definitely pass! As long as the little Gogo hit, it will be stable.