Two effective ways to solve the problem of MySQL server has gone away

Source: Internet
Author: User
Tags php script

Recently do the site has a station to use the Web page grabber function, when a PHP script in the request URL, the requested page may be very slow, more than the MySQL wait-timeout time, and then when the Web content is captured, ready to insert into MySQL, The connection timeout for MySQL was found to be turned off, so a "MySQL server has gone away" error message appears.

For this error hint I baidu a bit, about the cause of this error, such as this article MySQL server has gone away error analysis and solutions, inside said there are several reasons for this problem, one of which is said above, about how to solve the problem, My experience has the following two points, may be useful for everyone:

The first method:

Of course is to increase your wait-timeout value, this parameter is set in MY.CNF (under Windows step down is My.ini), my database load is slightly larger, so I set the value to 10, (the unit of this value is the second, This means that when a database connection does not have any action within 10 seconds, it will be forcibly closed, I am not using permanent link (mysql_pconnect), with Mysql_connect, About this wait-timeout effect you can see in the MySQL process list (show processlist), you can set this wait-timeout to larger, such as 300 seconds, hehe, generally speaking 300 seconds enough to use, In fact you can also not set, MySQL default is 8 hours. The situation is determined by your server and site.

The second method:

This is also my personal view of the best method, that is, check the status of MySQL link, so that it relink.

It may be known that there is a mysql_ping such a function, in a lot of information that the Mysql_ping API will check whether the database is linked, if it is disconnected will try to reconnect, but in my test process found that the fact is not so, is conditional, must be passed Mysql_options this C API pass related parameters, let MySQL have the option to disconnect auto-link (mysql default is not automatically connected), but I test found in PHP's MySQL API does not take this function, you re-edit MySQL bar, hehe. But mysql_ping this function is finally able to use, but in which there is a small operation skills:

This is one of the functions in the middle of my database operations class

    1. function ping () {

    2. if (!mysql_ping ($this->link)) {

    3. Mysql_close ($this->link); Note: Be sure to perform a database shutdown first, which is the key

    4. $this->connect ();

    5. }

    6. }

The code that I need to call this function might be like this

    1. $str = file_get_contents (' ');

    2. $db->ping ();//After the previous page crawl, or cause the database connection to close, check and reconnect

    3. $db->query (' SELECT * from table ');

Ping () This function first detects whether the data connection is normal, if it is closed, the entire MySQL instance of the current script is closed, and then reconnected.

After this processing, it is very effective to solve the problem of MySQL server has gone away, and it will not cause additional overhead to the system.


Two effective ways to solve the problem of MySQL server has gone away

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