Use of Linux container virtualization LXC

Source: Internet
Author: User

Use of Linux container virtualization LXC


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Introduction to Mars:

What's LXC?

LXC is a userspace interface for the Linux kernel containment features.
Through a powerful API and simple tools, it lets Linux users easily create and manage system or application containers.

Current LXC uses the following kernel features to contain processes:

Kernel namespaces (ipc, uts, mount, pid, network and user)
Apparmor and SELinux profiles
Seccomp policies
Chroots (using cmdt_root)
Kernel capabilities
Control groups (cgroups) # cgroups subsystem is required

As such, LXC is often considered as something in the middle between a chroot on steroids and a full fledged virtual machine. the goal of LXC is to create an environment as close as possible as a standard Linux installation but without the need for a separate kernel.

LXC is currently made of a few separate components:

The liblxc library
Several language bindings for the API:
Python3 (in-tree, long term support in 1.0.x)
Lua (in tree, long term support in 1.0.x)
A set of standard tools to control the containers
Container templates


LXC is free software, most of the code is released under the terms of the GNU LGPLv2.1 + license, some Android compatibility bits are released under a standard 2-clause BSD license and some binaries and templates are shipped under the GNU GPLv2 license.
Where do I get it?
From upstream

You can fetch the latest upstream tarbils here or grab it directly from git here or:

Git clone git: //

Bytes ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



System Environment and yum Source



Install the required software package:

1) debootstrap

Debootstrap is used to create a Debian base system from scratch,
Requiring the availability of dpkg or apt.

2) libvirt

Skip the hassle of using this ^_^

3) libcgroup

Control groups infrastructure. The tools and library help manipulate, control administrate and monitor control groups and the associated controllers.

4) lxc-templates

MAIN package and template (wait for us to slightly change the yum source of the template file)

5) Of course, gcc rsync is also required.



Start related services:



Modify the template file:



The system provides so many templates. Next, modify the default source of the centos template (back up a template before modification)



Start official installation:



Lxc-create creates a container

-N, -- name = NAME for name of the container
-F, -- config = file Initial configuration file
-T, -- template = t Template to use to setup container



Change Password:

# Chroot/var/lib/lxc/centos_1/rootfs passwd


Start the VM:

# Lxc-start-d-n centos_1

-N, -- name = NAME for name of the container
-D, -- daemon daemonize the container


View the virtual machine status:

# Lxc-info-n centos_1



Let's take a look:



This is done. If you want to perform LBC, HAC, and other experiments, you can clone multiple ones for implementation.


LXC provides us with many management tools:

Lxc-clone # clone related
Lxc-destroy # destroy
Lxc-ls # List containers existing on the system.

Lxc-stop # XD
Lxc-top # top, you know.
Lxc-snapshot # image for a container
Lxc-create # create
Lxc-info # display container status information
Lxc-start # start


Python API:

Python 3 K

    import lxc        container = lxc.Container("p1")    container.create("ubuntu")    container.start()    container.get_ips()    container.stop()


Python 2.X:

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