User Experience element model and UCD Process

Source: Internet
Author: User

This is a well-known model that sums up all the work steps and content in the UCD process in a complete and smooth manner. To a large extent, it helped me clarify the confusion related to UCD. Based on this model, I sorted out a feasible UCD process.

Of course, due to restrictions on the conditions, we cannot have the opportunity to do user research-related work. We usually get the user's understanding and inspiration from the analysis of competitors. Jesse James
The R & D teams that do similar things in the same field, Garret's words, must serve users with a certain degree of similarity. According to the Product Analysis and Design routine, the best product design strategy is analyzed.
It may be a tip to quickly establish user awareness. Some people may think that understanding users is about the market, which is obviously one-sided. In fact, users can help design decisions in a user-centered design process.
With this understanding, it is likely to fall into the performance and political game of personal heroism in later design decisions and discussions. Of course, finding users will allow us to gain more field knowledge and sort out the advantages and disadvantages of our competitors,
It also provides great reference value in subsequent conceptual design, interactive design, and prototype design.

This process is not a rapid development process. Although it saves some time by opportunistic user analysis, it consumes considerable effort and creative passion in the interaction design stage. Of course, there is still time and success.
. In a team eager to see the results and care about the "cost", it is easy to be taken over or perfunctory. Many people are used to seeing the interface design frame chart as a symbol of the design results, the frame chart is actually very simple.
Single. Without a frame chart based on careful interactive analysis, it is easy to float in the form and lacks connotation.

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Each stage has key work content and requirements.

Phase 1: Basic Research

Competitive Product Analysis
Search for competitive products in the market and select 3-5 models for anatomical analysis. Sort out the functional specifications of competing products, analyze the requirements of specification representatives, the user and user objectives behind the requirements, and analyze the functional structure and Interactive Design of competing products, explaining its advantages, disadvantages and causes from the perspective of product design has become our first-hand reference for product design.

Domain research
Based on the above analysis basis and materials, we can use online forums, keyword searches, and other methods to obtain more user feedback, opinions, and forward-looking requirements from the competitive landscape and market conditions in the field.

Deliverables: corresponding comparative analysis documents and domain research reports

Stage 2: Product Analysis

Product Positioning
From the perspective of software providers, this paper analyzes the significance of the product launch and focuses on the aspects. The actual consideration and the full-fledged decision-making layer of idea clearly list the product positioning and obtain the approval of the Decision-Making layer through discussion and repair;

User Analysis
Combine the analysis data of competing products and use qualitative analysis methods to gain a conceptual understanding of target users of products;

Product Overview
Introduce the product to the user in the shortest text as provided by the software, and highlight the value of the product to the user. To avoid simple listing of function points, we should highlight the key points on the basis of induction and Summarization;

Functional Requirement Specification sorting
Based on the induction of key functions, combined with the field understanding of competing product specifications, the requirement specification list is logically sorted out, focusing on clear logical relationships, clear organizational and hierarchical relationships. Define the scope of the project (Design and R & D;

Outputs: user analysis documents, Product overview, and function specification list

Stage 3: Interaction Design (functional structure and interaction process design)

Product concept model analysis
Starting from the product function logic, combined with the experience accumulation of common software and the knowledge of competing products, coupled with the understanding of users, design a conceptual model for the product as close as possible to the user's understanding of the product operation mode, and become the basic framework of product design;

Function Structure
Enrich interaction components based on product concept models and streamline the structural relationships between interaction components;

Use Case Analysis
Use Cases where typical users execute key functions to achieve their goals;

Interactive Process Analysis
Simulate the product framework determined by the above conceptual model and functional structure to support the key operation processes of the Use scenario (that is, the mouse click step and the screen guide path );

Output: Interactive Design part of the product design document

Stage 4: Prototype Design (Information Architecture and interface prototype design)

Information Architecture and interface prototype design
Design the number and type of controls on the product interface, and the logical and organizational relationships between controls to support users' understanding of the Functions Represented by controls or control groups, provides clear guidance on user operations. All interfaces are designed to be a complete set of simulated product prototypes;

Design highlights
Add a description of the interface design to help the stakeholders understand the design;

Deliverables: Prototype Design part of the product design document

Stage 5: Detailed Design (detailed design and interaction logic expression)

Detailed Design
Perfect the design details, interactive text and message box );

Control and interaction logic
Standardize the properties and behaviors of the interface controls, control groups, and windows, sort out the complete interaction logic, and use the status migration diagram or pseudocode;

Outputs: Detailed design part of the product design document

Stage 6: Design maintenance (R & D tracking and design maintenance)

Language Document Sorting
After the design passes the review, all the interactive texts of the product are organized into Excel documents to prepare for R & D;

R & D tracking and Maintenance
After entering the R & D stage, he is responsible for explaining the design scheme, problem modification, document improvement, and bug tracking for the R & D engineers;

Output: Product language document, design adjustment and Maintenance


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