# Various algorithms for generating guids using JavaScript _ javascript tips-js tutorial

Source: Internet
Author: User
This article introduces several GUID generation algorithms. If you need it, you can refer to the Globally Unique Identifier (GUID, Globally Unique IDentifier), also known as UUID (Universally Unique Identifier ).

GUID is a 128-bit numeric identifier generated by an algorithm. The GUID format is "xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx", where x is a 32-bit hexadecimal number in the range of 0-9 or a-f. Ideally, no computer or computer cluster generates two identical guids.

The total number of guids reaches 2 ^ 128 (3.4 × 10 ^ 38), so the probability of randomly generating two identical guids is very small, but not 0. The term GUID sometimes refers to Microsoft's UUID standard implementation.

Algorithm 1

The Code is as follows:

Function uuid (){
Var s = [];
Var hexDigits = "0123456789 abcdef ";
For (var I = 0; I <36; I ++ ){
S [I] = hexDigits. substr (Math. floor (Math. random () * 0x10), 1 );
}
S [14] = "4"; // bits 12-15 of the time_hi_and_version field to 0010
S [19] = hexDigits. substr (s [19] & 0x3) | 0x8, 1); // bits 6-7 of the clock_seq_hi_and_reserved to 01
S [8] = s [13] = s [18] = s [23] = "-";

Var uuid = s. join ("");
Return uuid;
}

Algorithm 2

The Code is as follows:

Function guid (){
Return 'xxxxxxxxxx-xxxx-4xxx-yxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx '. replace (/[xy]/g, function (c ){
Var r = Math. random () * 16 | 0, v = c = 'X '? R: (r & 0x3 | 0x8 );
Return v. toString (16 );
});
}

Algorithm 3

The Code is as follows:

Function guid (){
Function S4 (){
Return (1 + Math. random () x 0x10000) | 0). toString (16). substring (1 );
}
Return (S4 () + S4 () + "-" + S4 () + "-" + S4 () + "-" + S4 () + "-" + S4 () + S4 () + S4 ());
}

Algorithm 4

The Code is as follows:

Var chars = '0123456789abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz '. split ('');
Var uuid = [], I;

If (len ){
// Compact form
For (I = 0; I <len; I ++) uuid [I] = chars [0 | Math. random () * radix];
} Else {
// Rfc4122, version 4 form
Var r;

// Rfc4122 requires these characters
Uuid [8] = uuid [13] = uuid [18] = uuid [23] = '-';
Uuid [14] = '4 ';

// Fill in random data. At I = 19 set the high bits of clock sequence
// Per rfc4122, sec. 4.1.5
For (I = 0; I <36; I ++ ){
If (! Uuid [I]) {
R = 0 | Math. random () * 16;
Uuid [I] = chars [(I = 19 )? (R & 0x3) | 0x8: r];
}
}
}

Return uuid. join ('');
}

You can specify the length and base number. For example

The Code is as follows:

// 8 character ID (base = 2)
Uuuid (8, 2) // "01001010"
// 8 character ID (base = 10)
Uuid (8, 10) // "47473046"
// 8 character ID (base = 16)
Uuid (8, 16) // "098F4D35"

Related Keywords:
Related Article

The content source of this page is from Internet, which doesn't represent Alibaba Cloud's opinion; products and services mentioned on that page don't have any relationship with Alibaba Cloud. If the content of the page makes you feel confusing, please write us an email, we will handle the problem within 5 days after receiving your email.

If you find any instances of plagiarism from the community, please send an email to: info-contact@alibabacloud.com and provide relevant evidence. A staff member will contact you within 5 working days.

## A Free Trial That Lets You Build Big!

Start building with 50+ products and up to 12 months usage for Elastic Compute Service

• #### Sales Support

1 on 1 presale consultation

• #### After-Sales Support

24/7 Technical Support 6 Free Tickets per Quarter Faster Response

• Alibaba Cloud offers highly flexible support services tailored to meet your exact needs.