VI and VIM command Daquan

Source: Internet
Author: User
Tags parent directory save file uppercase letter

Since 1970, VI and Vim have become one of the programmers ' favorite text editors. It was copied from other bloggers and it was very practical.

: E filename Open filename for edition
: W Save file
: Q Exit Vim
: q! Quit without saving
: X Write file (if changes has been made) and exit
: Sav filename Saves file as filename
. Repeats the last change made in normal mode
5. Repeats 5 times The last change made in normal mode
Move around in a file
K or Up Arrow Move the cursor up one line
J or down Arrow Move the cursor down one line
E Move the cursor to the end of the word
B Move the cursor to the begining of the word
0 Move the cursor to the begining of the line
G Move the cursor to the end of the line
Gg Move the cursor to the begining of the file
L Move the cursor to the end of the file
: 59 Move cursor to line . Replace the desired line number.
20| Move cursor to column .
% Move cursor to matching parenthesis
[[ Jump to function start
[{ Jump to block start
Cut, copy, and paste
Y Copy the selected text to clipboard
P Paste Clipboard contents
Dd Cut Current Line
Yy Copy Current Line
y$ Copy to end of line
D Cut to end of line
/word Search word from top to bottom
? word Search word from bottom to top
* Search the word under cursor
/\cstring Search string or string, case insensitive
/jo[ha]n Search John or Joan
/\< the Search the, theatre or then
/the\> Search The or breathe
/\< the\> Search the
/\< |. \> Search all words of 4 letters
/\/ Search Fred but not Alfred or Frederick
/fred\|joe Search Fred or Joe
/\<\d\d\d\d\> Search exactly 4 digits
/^\N\{3} Find 3 Empty lines
: bufdo/searchstr/ Search in all open files
Bufdo%s/something/somethingelse/g Search something in all the open buffers and replace it withSomethingElse
:%s/old/new/g Replace all occurences of the old by new in file
:%s/onward/forward/gi Replace onward by forward, case unsensitive
:%S/OLD/NEW/GC Replace all occurences with confirmation
: 2,35s/old/new/g Replace all occurences between lines 2 and 35
: 5, $s/old/new/g Replace all occurences from line 5 to EOF
:%s/^/hello/g Replace the begining by Hello
:%s/$/harry/g Replace the end of each line by Harry
:%s/onward/forward/gi Replace onward by forward, Case unsensitive
:%s/*$//g Delete All white spaces
: g/string/d Delete all lines containing string
: v/string/d Delete all lines containing which didn ' t contain string
: s/bill/steve/ Replace the first occurence of Bill by Steve
: s/bill/steve/g Replace Bill by Steve
:%s/bill/steve/g Replace Bill by Steve in all the file
:%s/^m//g Delete DOS Carriage Returns (^M)
:%s/\r/\r/g Transform DOS Carriage returns in returns
:%s#<[^>]\+># #g Delete HTML tags but keeps text
:%s/^\ (. *\) \n\1$/\1/ Delete lines which appears twice
CTRL + A Increment number under the cursor
Ctrl+x Decrement number under cursor
Ggvgg? Change Text to Rot13
Uppercase and lowercase
Vu Lowercase line
Vu Uppercase Line
g~~ Invert case
VEU Switch Word to uppercase
ve~ Modify Word case
Gggug Set all text to lowercase
Gggug Set all text to uppercase
: Set ignorecase Ignore Case in searches
: Set Smartcase Ignore case in searches excepted if a uppercase letter is used
:%s/\<./\u&/g Sets first letter of each word to uppercase
:%s/\<./\l&/g Sets first letter of each word to lowercase
:%s/.*/\u& Sets first letter of all line to uppercase
:%s/.*/\l& Sets first letter of all line to lowercase
Read and write files
: 1,10 w outfile Saves lines 1 to ten in outfile
: 1,10 W >> outfile Appends lines 1 to outfile
: R infile Insert the content of infile
: 23r infile Insert the content of infile under line 23
File browser
E. Open Integrated File explorer
: Sex Split window and open integrated File explorer
: sex! Same as : Sex but split window vertically
: Browse E Graphical File explorer
: LS List buffers
: CD.. Move to Parent Directory
: args List files
: Args *.php Open file List
: grep expression *.php Returns a list of. php files contening expression
Gf Open file name under cursor
Interacting with Unix systems
:!pwd Execute the pwd Unix command, then returns to Vi
!! Pwd Execute the pwd Unix command and insert output in file
: SH Temporary returns to Unix
$exit Retourns to Vi
Snap To
:%!fmt Align All Lines
!} Fmt Align all lines on the current position
5!! Fmt Align the next 5 lines
: tabnew Creates a new tab
Gt Show next Tab
: Tabfirst Show first Tab
: Tablast Show last Tab
: tabm N (position) Rearrange tabs
: Tabdo%s/foo/bar/g Execute a command in all tabs
: Tab Ball Puts all open files in tabs
: New Abc.txt Edit abc.txt in New window
Split screen Display
: E filename Edit filename in current window
: Split filename Split the window and open filename
Ctrl-w Up ARROW Puts cursor in top window
Ctrl-w ctrl-w Puts cursor in next window
Ctrl-w_ Maximize Current Window vertically
ctrl-w| Maximize Current Window horizontally
ctrl-w= Gives the same size to all windows
Ten ctrl-w+ ADD ten lines to the current window
: Vsplit File Split window vertically
: Sview File Same as : Split in readonly mode
: Hide Close Current Window
:-nly Close all windows, excepted current
: B 2 Open #2 in this window
CTRL + N ctrl+p (in insert mode) Complete Word
Ctrl+x ctrl+l Complete line
: Set Dictionary=dict Define dict as a dictionnary
Ctrl+x ctrl+k Complete with Dictionnary
m {A-Z} Marks Current position as {A-Z}
' {A-Z} Move to position {A-Z}
‘‘ Move to previous position
: AB Mail [email protected] Define Mail as abbreviation of [email protected]
Text indent
: Set Autoindent Turn on Auto-indent
: Set Smartindent Turn on Intelligent auto-indent
: Set shiftwidth=4 Defines 4 spaces as indent size
Ctrl-t, ctrl-d Indent/un-indent in insert mode
>> Indent
<< Un-indent
=% Indent the code between parenthesis
1gvg= Indent the whole file
Syntax highlighting
: Syntax on Turn on syntax highlighting
: Syntax off Turn off syntax highlighting
: Set Syntax=perl Force syntax highlighting

VI and VIM command Daquan

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