It was originally a Win7 system pre-installed, and then began to contact the development of iOS, can not afford to buy a MacBook so loaded with black Apple, next semester to do teaching assistants, tears ran to start to learn Linux, hereby record my three system installation process.
1. My Configuration
Processor Intel Core i5-2410m
Operating System Win7 Pro, Mac 10.8.2
Memory 2G DDR 1333MHz + 8G memory Strip
Graphics NVIDIA GeForce GT 520M single display
Network card Realtek rtl8168e (wired network card) Atheros aw-ne785 (wireless network card)
Sound card Realtek ALC269
2. Installation sequence
Windows 7 Professional→os xmountain lion→ubuntu 12.04 LTS
Win version Chameleon
1. Preparatory work
①ubuntu official Chinese version download please poke Http://www.ubuntu.com/download/desktop/zh-CN
② Download and install EASYBCD for modifying system boot
The ③ frees up more than 10G of blank partitions. The partition is as far as possible at the end of the disk, because Windows does not recognize the Linux partition, if the Ubuntu installed in D, the original E disk will become D disk, the original e-disk software will appear system registry path is not known, to reinstall or modify the registry.
2. Install and start EasyBCD
ADD New Entry→neo Grub→install
"Configure" button to activate, click on a notepad file will appear, paste the following code to the end of the file:
Title Install Ubuntu 12.04 LTS
kernel (hd0,6)/vmlinuz boot=casperiso-scan/filename=/ Ubuntu-12.04-desktop-amd64.iso
ro quiet splash locale=zh_cn. UTF-8
In the code above, "Ubuntu-12.04-desktop-amd64.iso" for you to download the Ubuntu system Mirror file name, this file name can be modified, but the modified name must be the same as the written code name, otherwise will not boot installation
(hd0,6) Represents a disk partition, HD (0,0), HD (0,1), HD (0,2), HD (0,3) represents the primary partition, (hd0,4) after the presentation logical partition, now I have only one primary partition C disk, then (hd0,0) represents the C disk, (hd0,4) represents D disk, (hd0 , 5, E disk, (hd0,6) for the F disk, my mirror is placed in the F disk, please change (hd0,6) to their corresponding partition
3. Place the downloaded mirrored file in the root directory of the (hd0,n) disk
Make sure that the filename is consistent with the file name of the code written above, and then turn on the ISO image and copy the Vmlinuz and Initrd.lz in the Casper folder directory to the (hd0,n) packing directory.
4. Restart the computer and select the Neogrubbootloader boot entry, you will enter the Ubuntu
Some will appear in the flower screen or black screen can not access the desktop, in the choice of installing Ubuntu Press F6, modify the boot parameters: Splash Nomodeset and then press ENTER
① for hard disk installation, first ctrl+alt+t open the terminal, enter sudo umount-l/isodevice to remove the CD-ROM drive on the mount, otherwise the partition interface can not find the partition.
② Double click the desktop "Install Ubuntu12.04 LTS" icon
Check the preparation, require enough disk space, do not connect to the network, generally do not check the update and Third-party software
③ next is to ask which partition to install, select the bottom "other options", and click the "Continue" button
Click to select the partition you plan to install, depending on the type and size of the partition, and then click the "Change" button below
My partition (28G):
/20g (Root partition)
/home5g (My document)
Remaining space for future zoning exercises
Novice recommended Division "/" and "swap" two partitions, swap similar to the virtual memory of Windows, my notebook has 10G of memory does not need to swap partitions
In the Edit Partition dialog box, set the format for the partition EXT4, tick "format", in "Mount point" select "/", point "OK";/home partition, according to the original settings, generally do not tick "format", only in advance to clean up the inside of the configuration file; Swap partitions are selected in the dropdown menu. Swap Partition "
Note that formatting deletes all the files on this partition, please back up important data in advance
Go back to the partition panel and check the partitions
The ④ focus is on installing the GRUB boot option, selecting install to/partition (or/boot partition), and using Windows to boot Ubuntu (if the boot is installed on the default device, it will use Ubuntu to boot Windows. Once you delete the Ubuntu system, Windows will not be able to boot, click "Install Now"
Tip No swap space, point "continue"
Tip When you are about to delete and format, make sure that important data is backed up, click "Continue"
Then come out to ask about the area and find out where you are on the map, and the bottom is already installed
Next is the keyboard layout, usually "English (United States)", Direct point "forward" continue
Set your own username (lowercase letter) and password, and then click "Continue"
Then continue the installation process, you can look at the introduction of the system
Patiently wait to finish, then come out a dialog box, click "Reboot now" to complete the installation.
5. Modify the Guide
The "Ubuntu" option was not found when rebooting into the system menu (because I already have the win chameleon installed, so I can choose the "chameleon" option and then find Ubuntu in the Chameleon boot interface, but it's a hassle to choose two times)
This is the first time to enter the Win7 bar, open EASYBCD, click Add New Entry→linux/bsd, "name" fill in your favorite name, "Device" Select the "/" or "/boot" section we just created, with Linux tags in front.
Some students say that can not be guided, the symptom is the choice of Ubuntu after the black screen, then in the previous step EASYBCD settings, the "Type" changed to Grub 2
Finally, by clicking on the Edit Boot menu in EasyBCD, delete the previous boot item "Nerogrub".
6. Initial setup
Connect the campus network, reference a few senior's article
② Exchange Source
After connecting the net, enter the software center, click "edit → software source" in the menu bar, the server chooses other site, Sohu, 163, Cn99 can
For more information about setting up sources, see http://teliute.org/linux/Ubsetup/lesson9/lesson9.html
③ Update System
Click on the top right corner gear to enter the "system settings → language support"
On the left Quick Launch panel, open Update Manager, click on "Install Update" and reboot after Setup completes.
Installation PostScript After this process, you can start the Linux tour. But my laptop graphics card has no driver, had to find another time to drive to update, the slow speed download twists and turns will not repeat. I hope this installation note can help friends who need to refuel. ~
Drive installation can poke here OH: