Write a PHP program to check the number of Chinese characters in the string instance share _php instance

Source: Internet
Author: User

Sometimes we need to calculate the number of words contained in a string, and for the pure English string, the word number equals the length of the string,
The strlen function can be obtained, but what if the string contains Chinese? Mb_strlen can be achieved, but unfortunately not installed expansion, then realize it yourself.

PHP has an extension is generally required, we can use Mb_strlen to get the number of words in the string, used in general as follows:

$len = Mb_strlen ("You Are my little Apple", "utf-8");

Get string Length: 7.

What if the MB extension is not installed? Realize it yourself.

We must first understand the fact that: strings are made up of characters, and characters are represented by bytes, and each English character is a byte, corresponding to an ASCII code, and the ASCII code of the English character is less than 128, which is the hexadecimal 0x80. When a byte of ASCII code exceeds 127, That means the current byte is not a full character.

Like what

$STR = "You are my little Apple";

$STR{0} can take the first byte, let's look at what it is:

php > $STR = "You are my little Apple";
php > Echo $str {0};

is a garbled, it's just

Copy Code code as follows:

One of the bytes of the word, that is to say,
Copy Code code as follows:

This character is made up of more than one byte, so let's try this:

php > Echo $str {0}. $str {1}. $str {2};

As you can see, the three bytes are connected together to output, which becomes a complete

Copy Code code as follows:

So why are there three bytes instead of two or 4? This depends on the encoding of the string, I am here the console default is UTF8 encoded, in PHP, a UTF8 character is expressed in three bytes, if it is GBK encoding, it will be two bytes. As for the relationship between encoding and byte, this topic is relatively large, an article is not complete, please refer to this article: character encoding notes: Ascii,unicode and UTF8.

Knowing these, we can write a function of the word check ourselves, the approximate process is as follows:

1.for Loop Traversal byte 2. Determine if byte encoding is >= 0x80, yes, skip n bytes

I wrote a simple function to determine the length of a gbk or UTF8 string, for reference only:


function Mbstrlen ($str, $encoding = "UTF8")

  if ($len = strlen ($str)) = = 0) {return

  $encoding = Strtolower ($encoding);

  if ($encoding = = "UTF8" or $encoding = = "Utf-8") {
    $step = 3;
  } elseif ($encoding = = "GBK" or $encoding = = gb2312 ") {
    $step = 2;
  } else {return

  $count = 0;
  for ($i =0; $i < $len; $i + +) {
    $count + +;
    If the byte code is greater than 127, a few bytes of
    Ord ($str {$i}) >= 0x80) {
      $i = $i + $step -1;//minus 1 because the For loop itself is also $i++}<
    c21/>} return

Echo Mbstrlen (Iconv ("Utf-8", "GBK", "You Are my Little Apple"), "GBK");
Echo Mbstrlen ("You Are my little Apple");

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